Bhopal

Bhopal
rajdhani
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya madhya pradesh
jila Bhopal
mahaapaur aalok sharma
janasankhya
ghanatv
17,95,648 (5 vaan) (2011 tak )
• 160
kshetrafal
ooainchaai (AMSL)
308.14 ki.mee²
• 427 mi meter
aadhikaarik jaalasthal: [http://bhopalmunicipal.com bhopalmunicipal.com]

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 23°a16′aN 77°a24′aE / 23.27°aN 77.4°aE / 23.27; 77.4 Bhopal Bhaarat desh mein madhya pradesh raajya ki rajdhani hai aur Bhopal jile ka prashaasanik mukhyaalaya bhi hai. Bhopal ko jheelon ki nagari bhi kaha jaata hai kyonki yahaaain kai chhote-bade taal hain. yeh shahar achaanak surkhiyon me tab aa gaya jab 1984 mein Amreeki company union kaarbaaid se mithaail aaisosaainet gas ke risaav se lagbhag bees hajaar log maare gaye the. Bhopal gas kaand ka kuprabhaav aaj tak vaayu pradooshan, bhoomi pradooshan, jal pradooshan ke alaava jaivik viklaangata evam anya roopon mein aaj bhi jaari hai. is vajah se Bhopal shahar kai aandolanon ka kendra hai.

Bhopal mein Bhaarat hevi ilektrikls limited (bhel) ka ek kaarkhaana hai. haal hi mein bhaarateeya antariksh anusandhaan kendra ne apna doosra 'master control faisilti' sthaapit ki hai. Bhopal me hi bhaarateeya van prabandhan sansthaan bhi hai jo Bhaarat mein van prabandhan ka ekamaatr sansthaan hai. saath hi Bhopal un chhah nagaron me se ek hai jinme bhaarateeya aayurvigyaan sansthaan kholne ka faisala liya gaya hai. iske atirikt yahaaain ek vishvavidyaalaya, anek engineering mahaavidyaalaya tatha anek pablik school hain.

anukram

itihaas

Bhopal praacheen naam bhoopaal hai bhoopaal, bhoo-paal bhoo = bhoomi, paal=doodh. ek doosra mat yeh hai ki is shahar ka naam ek anya raaja bhoopaal ya (bhojapaal) ke naam par pada.

samay gujrane ke saath yeh shahar ujad gaya. 18veen sadi mein yeh sthaaneeya gond raajya ka ek chhota-sa gaaainv maatr tha. vartamaan Bhopal shahar ki sthaapana mugal saltanat ke ek afgaani dost muhammad Khan ne ki thi. isiliye Bhopal ko navaabi shahar maana jaata hai,aaj bhi yahaaain mugal sanskruti dekhi ja sakti hai. mugal saamrajya ke vightan ka faayda uthaate hue Khan ne beraasiya tahaseel hadp li. kuchh samay baad gond raani kamalaapati ki madad karne ke liye Khan ko Bhopal gaaainv bheint kiya gaya. raani ki maut ke baad Khan ne chhote se gond raajya par kabja jama liya.

1720-1726 ke dauraan dost muhammad Khan ne Bhopal gaaainv ki kilaabandi kar ise ek shahar mein tabdeel kiya. saath hi unhonne navaab ki padavi apna li aur is tarah se Bhopal raajya ki sthaapana hui. mugal darbaar ke Siddiqui bandhuon se dosti ke naate Khan ne Hyderabad ke nijaam meer kmar-ud-deen (nijaam-ul-mulk) se dushmani mol le li. Siddiqui bandhuon se nipatne ke baad 1723 mein nijaam ne Bhopal par hamla bol diya aur dost muhammad Khan ko nijaam ka aadhiptya sveekaar karna pada.

maraathaaon ne bhi Bhopal raajya se chauth (kul lagaan ka chautha hissa) vasooli ki. 1737 mein maraathaaon ne mugalon ko Bhopal ki ladaai mein maat di. Khan ke uttaraadhikaariyon ne 1818 mein british hukumat ke saath sandhi kar li aur Bhopal raajya british raaj ki ek riyaasat ban gaya. 1947 mein jab Bhaarat ko aajaadi mili, tab Bhopal raajya ki vaaris aabida sultaan Pakistan chali gain. unki chhoti bahan begam saajida sultaan ko uttaraadhikaari ghoshit kar diya gaya. 1949 mein Bhopal raajya ka Bhaarat mein vilay ho gaya.

bhaugolik sthiti

Bhopal Bhaarat ke madhya bhaag mein sthit hai aur iske nirdeshaank 23.27º u. evam 77.4º poo. hain. yeh vindhya parvat shrrunkhala ke poorv mein hai. Bhopal ek pahaadi ilaake par sthit hai kintu iska taapamaan adhiktar garm rahata hai. iska bhoo-bhaag ooaincha-neecha hai evam iske daayare me kai chhote pahaad hain. udaaharan ke liye shyaamala hil, idagaah hil, arera hil, kataara hil ityaadi. yahaaain garmiyaaain garm aur sardiyaaain saamaanya thandi rahati hain. baarish ka mausam June se le ke September-aaktobar tak rahata hai aur saamaanya varsha darj ki jaati hai.

nagar nigam ki seema 289 varg ki. mi. hai. shahari seema ke bheetar do maanav nirmit jheelein hai jo sanyukt roop se bhoj sthal ke naam se jaani jaati hain. badi jheel raaja bhoj dvaara nirmit karavaai gayi thi jiska kul jal grahan kshetr 361 varg ki. mi. hai. chhoti jheel ka nirmaan raaja bhoj ne karavaaya.

paryatan

lakshmeenaaraayan mandir

yahaan ka chhota taalaab, bada taalaab, bheem baithaka, abhyaaranya tatha Bhaarat bhavan dekhne yogya hain| Bhopal ke paas sthit saanchi ka stoop bhi paryatakon ke aakarshan ka kendra hai. Bhopal se lagbhag 28 kilometer door sthit bhojapur mandir ek etihaasik darshaniya sthal hai.

lakshmeenaaraayan mandir, Bhopal
Bhopal ke arera pahaadi par paaainch dashak poorv sthaapit bidla mandir varshon se dhaarmik aastha ka kendra raha hai. mandir mein sthaapit Bhagwan shreehari vishnu evam lakshmeeji ki manohaari pratimaaeain barabas hi shraddhaaluon ko apni or aakrusht kar rahi hain. kareeb 7-8 ekad pahaadi kshetr mein faile is mandir ki khyaati desh va pradesh ke vibhinn shaharon mein faili hui hai.
jaankaaron ke anusaar is mandir ka shilaanyaas varsh 1960 mein Madhya Pradesh ke tatkaaleen mukhyamantri dau॰ kailaashanaath kaatajoo ne kiya tha aur ud‍aaghaatan varsh 1964 mein mukhyamantri dvaaraka prasaad mishr ke haathon sampann hua. mandir ke andar vibhinn pauraanik drushyon ki sangamaramar par ki gayi nakkaashi darshaneeya to hai hi, un par geeta va raamaayan ke upadesh bhi ankit hain.
mandir ke andar vishnuji va lakshmeeji ki pratimaaon ke alaava ek or Shiv tatha doosari or maaain jagadamba ki pratima viraajamaan hain. mandir parisar mein hanumaanaji evam shivling sthaapit hain. vaheen mandir ke mukhya pravesh dwaar ke saamane bana vishaal shankh bhi darshaneeya hai. mandir ki sthaapana ke samay poorv mukhyamantri Kailash naath ne bidla parivaar ko shahar mein udyog sthaapit karne ke liye jameen dene ke saath hi yeh shart bhi rakhi thi ki vah is durgam pahaadi kshetr mein ek bhavya tatha vishaal mandir ka nirmaan karavaaeain. mandir ke ud‍aaghaatan ke samay yahaaain vishaal vishnu mahaayajnya bhi aayojit kiya gaya tha, jismein anek vidvaanon va dharm shaastriyon ne bhaag liya tha. aaj bhi yeh mandir jan aastha ka mukhya kendra bindu hai. janmaashtami par yahaaain shreekrushn janm ka mukhya aayojan hota hai, jismein badi sankhya mein shraddhaalu shaamil hokar vishnu ki aaraadhana karte hai.
bhojapur
yeh praacheen shahar dakshin poorv Bhopal se 28 kimi ki doori par sthit hai. yeh shahar Bhagwan Shiv ko samarpit bhojesh‍aavar mandir ke liye prasiddh hai. is mandir ko poorv ka somanaath bhi kaha jaata hai. Bhopal se 28 kimi. door sthit bhojapur ki sthaapana paramaar vansh ke raaja bhoj ne ki thi. iseeliye yeh sthaan bhojapur ke naam se charchit hai. is praacheen nagar ko uttar Bhaarat ka somanaath kaha jaata hai. yeh sthaan Bhagwan Shiv ke shaanadaar mandir aur saaiklopiyn baandh ke liye jaana jaata hai. yahaan ke bhojesh‍aavar mandir ki sundar sajaavat ki gayi hai. mandir ek oonche chabootare par bana hai jiske garbhagruh mein lagbhag saadhe teen meter lamba shivling sthaapit hai. ise Bhaarat ke sabse vishaal shivlingon mein shumaar kiya jaata hai.
moti masjid, Bhopal
is masjid ko kadasiya begam ki beti sikandar jahaan begam ne 1860 E. mein banavaaya tha.
taaj-ul-masjid, Bhopal
taaj-ul-masjid, Bhopal
yeh masjid Bhaarat ki sabse vishaal masjidon mein ek hai. is masjid ka nirmaan kaarya Bhopal ke aathavein shaasak shaahajahaan begam ke shaasan kaal mein praarambh hua tha, lekin dhan ki kami ke kaaran unke jeevantaparyant yeh ban na saki.
shaukat mahal, Bhopal aur sadar manjil, Bhopal
shaukat mahal shahar ke beechonbeech chauk area ke pravesh dwaar par sthit hai.
gohar mahal, Bhopal
gauhar mahal
jheel ke kinaare bana yeh mahal shaukat mahal ke peechhe sthit hai.
puraataatvik sangrahaalaya, Bhopal
banaganga road par sthit is sangrahaalaya mein Madhya Pradesh ke vibhin‍aan his‍aason se ekatrit ki hui moortiyon ko rakha gaya hai.
Bhaarat bhavan, Bhopal
yeh bhavan Bhaarat ke sabse anoothe raash‍aatreeya sans‍aathaanon mein ek hai. 1982 mein s‍aathaapit is bhavan mein anek rachanaat‍aamak kalaaon ka pradarshan kiya jaata hai.
indira Gandhi raashtreeya maanav sangrahaalaya

yeh anokha sangrahaalaya shyaamala ki pahaadiyon par 200 ekad ke kshetr mein faila hua hai.

bheemabetaka gufaaen
dakshin Bhopal se 46 kimi. door sthit bheemabetaka ki gufaaen praagaitihaasik kaal ki chitrakaariyon ke liye lokapriya hain. yeh gufaaen chaaron taraf se vin‍aadh‍aaya parvatamaalaaon se ghiri huin hain, jinka sambandh navapaashaan kaal se hai. in gufaaon ke andar bane chitr gufaaon mein rahane vaale praagaitihaasik kaal ke jeevan ka vivran pras‍aatut karte hain. yahaan ki sabse praacheen chitrakaari ko 12 hajaar varsh poorv ki maani jaati hai.

aavaagaman

vaayu maarg

Bhopal ka raaja bhoj havaai adda shahar se 12 ki॰mee॰ ki doori par hai. dil‍aali, Mumbai, Indore, Ahmedabad, chennai, chandeegan, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Raipur se yahaan ke liye air India evam anya niji airlines companiyon ki niyamit udaan sevaaeain hain.


rel maarg

Bhopal ka railway sthaanak desh ke vividh railway sthaanakon se juda hua hai. yeh railway sthaanak bhaarateeya rel ke dil‍aali-chain‍aanai mukhya maarg par padata hai. shataab‍aadi ek‍aasapres Bhopal ko dil‍aali se seedha jodati hai. saath hi yeh shahar mum‍aabai, Agra, g‍aavaaliyr, Jhansi, uj‍aajain, Kolkata, chennai, bangalooroo, Hyderabad aadi shaharon se anek relagaadiyon ke maadh‍aayam se juda hua hai.

sadak maarg

saanchi, Indore, uj‍aajain, khajuraaho, panchamadhi, jabalapur aadi shaharon se aasaani se sadak maarg se Bhopal pahuncha ja sakta hai. madh‍aaya pradesh aur padosi raaj‍aayon ke anek shaharon se Bhopal ke liye niyamit basein chalti hain.

janasankhya

Bhopal shahar ki kul janasankhya (2011 ki janaganana ke anusaar) kul 17,95,648 hai. Bhopal jile ki kul janasankhya 23,68,145 hai. jisme kareeb 56% hindu, 40% muslim hain. purushon ki sankhya 12,39,378 tatha mahilaaon ki sankhya 11,28,767 hai. kul saaksharata 82.26% hai (purush: 87.44%, mahila: 76.57%).

janapratinidhi

lok sabha

  • Bhopal - shri aalok sanjar (bhaajapa)

vidhaan sabha

  • beraasiya - shri vishnu khatri (bhaajapa)
  • Bhopal uttar - shri aarif akeel (kaaaingres)
  • narela - shri vishvaas saarang (bhaajapa)
  • Bhopal da॰apoo॰ - shri uma shankar gupta (bhaajapa)
  • Bhopal madhya - shri surendr naath Singh (bhaajapa)
  • govindapura - shri Babulal gaur (bhaajapa)
  • hujur - shri raameshvar sharma (bhaajapa)

mahatvapoorn vyakti

  • sanbhaagaayukt---shri esabi Singh
  • upaayukt - shreemati urmil mishr
  • upaayukt raajasv - shreemati urmila surendr shukla
  • upaayukt vikaas - shri si L dodiyaar
  • collector---- nishaant varavade
  • sahaayak jilaadheesh - shreemati Shilpa
  • aayukt nagar nigam - shreemati chhavi Bhardwaj

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain