Bhaarat nirvaachan aayog

Bhaarat
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yeh lekh yeh shreni ke sambandh mein hai:

Bhaarat ki raajaneeti


kendra sarkaar

samvidhaan

kaaryakaarini

vidhaayika

nyaayapaalika

sthaaneeya

bhaarateeya aamachunaav


anya desh • praveshadvaar:raajaneeti
praveshadvaar:Bhaarat sarkaar
dekhein samvaad sanpaadan


Bhaarat nirvaachan aayog (angreji: Election Commission of India) ek svaayatt evam ardh-nyaayik sansthaan hai jiska gathan Bhaarat mein svatantr evam nishpaksh roop se vibhinn se Bhaarat ke praatinidhik sansthaanon mein pratinidhi chunane ke liye gaya tha. bhaarateeya chunaav aayog ki sthaapana 25 January 1950 ko ki gayi thi.

anukram

sanrachana

aayog mein vartamaan mein ek mukhya chunaav aayukt aur do chunaav aayukt hote hain. jab yeh pehle pahal 1950 mein gathit hua tab se aur 15 October, 1989 tak keval mukhya nirvaachan aayukt sahit yeh ek ekal-sadasyeeya nikaaya tha. 16 October, 1989 se 1 January, 1990 tak yeh aar. vi. S. shaastri (mu.ni.aa.) aur nirvaachan aayukt ke roop mein S.S. dhanova aur vi.S. sahagal sahit teen-sadasyeeya nikaaya ban gaya. 2 January, 1990 se 30 sitmbar, 1993 tak yeh ek ekal-sadasyeeya nikaaya ban gaya aur fir 1 October, 1993 se yeh teen-sadasyeeya nikaaya ban gaya.[1]

mukhya chunaav aayukt

chunaav aayukton ki niyukti evam kaaryaavadhi

mukhya chunaav aayukt aur anya chunaav aayukton ki niyukti Bhaarat ka raashtrapati karta hai. mukhya chunaav aayukt ka kaaryakaal 6 varsh ya 65 saal, jo pehle ho, ka hota hai jabki anya chunaav aayukton ka kaaryakaal 6 varsh ya 62 saal, jo pehle ho, ka hota hain. chunaav aayukt ka sammaan aur vetan Bhaarat ke sarvochch nyaayalaya ke nyaayadheesh ke saamaan hota hai. mukhya chunaav aayukt ko sansad dvaara mahaabhiyog ke jariye hi hataaya ja sakta hain.

Bhaarat nirvaachan aayog ke paas vidhaanasabha, Loksabha, Rajyasabha aur raashtrapati aadi chunaav se sambandhit satta hoti hai jabki graamapanchaayat, nagarapaalika, mahanagar parishd aur tahaseel evam jila parishd ke chunaav ki satta sambandhit raajya nirvaachan aayog ke paas hoti hai.

nirvaachan aayog ka kaarya tatha kaaryapranaali

1 nirvaachan aayog ke paas yeh uttaradaayitv hai ki vah nirvaachanau ka paryavekshan, nirdeshan tatha aayojan karavaaye vah raashtrapati uparaashtrapati, sansad, raajyavidhaanasabha ke chunaav karta hai
2 nirvaachak naamaavali taiyaar karavaata hai
3 raajanaitik dalau ka panjeekaran karta hai
4. raajanaitik dalau ka raashtreeya, raajya star ke dalau ke roop me vargeekaran, maanyata dena, dalau-nirdaleeyau ko chunaav chinh dena
5. saansad/vidhaayak ki ayogyata (dal badal ko chhodakar) par raashtrapati/raajyapaal ko salaah dena
6. galat nirvaachan upaayon ka upayog karne vaale vyaktiyau ko nirvaachan ke liye ayogya ghoshit karna

nirvaachan aayog ki shaktiyaaain

sarvochch nyaayaalaya ke nirnayaanusaar anu 324[1] me nirvaachan aayog ki shaktiyaaain kaaryapaalika dvaara niyantrit naheen ho sakti usaki shaktiyaan keval un nirvaachan sambandhi samvaidhaanik upaayon tatha sansad nirmit nirvaachan vidhi se niyantrit hoti hai nirvaachan ka paryavekshan, nirdeshan, niyantran tatha aayojan karavaane ki shakti me desh me mukt tatha nishpaksh chunaav aayojit karavaana bhi nihit hai jahaan kahi sansad vidhi nirvaachan ke sambandh me maun hai vahaan nishpaksh chunaav karavaane ke liye nirvaachan aayog aseemit shakti rakhata hai yadhapi praakrutik nyaaya, vidhi ka shaasan tatha uske dvaara shakti ka sadupayog hona chaahiye
nirvaachan aayog vidhaayika nirmit vidhi ka ullaghainn naheen kar sakta hai aur na hi ye svechhaapoorn kaarya kar sakta hai uske nirnaya nyaayik punareekshan ke paatr hote hai
nirvaachan aayog ki shaktiyaaain nirvaachan vidhiyon ki poorak hai na ki un par prabhaavi tatha vaidh prakriya se bani vidhi ke virooddh prayog nahi ki ja sakti hai
yeh aayog chunaav ka kaaryakram nirdhaarit kar sakta hai chunaav chinh aavantit karne tatha nishpaksh chunaav karavaane ke nirdesh dene ki shakti rakhata hai
Supreme court ne bhi usaki shaktiyon ki vyaakhya karte hue kaha ki vah ekamaatr adhikran hai jo chunaav kaaryakram nirdhaarit kare chunaav karavaana keval usi ka kaarya hai
janapratinidhitv act 1951 ke anu 14,15 bhi raashtrapati, raajyapaal ko nirvaachan adhisoochana jaari karne ka adhikaar nirvaachan aayog ki salaah ke anuroop hi jaari karne ka adhikaar dete hai

Bhaarat me nirvaachan sudhaar

jan pratinidhitv adhiniyam sanshodhan 1988 se is prakaar ke sanshodhan kiye gaye hain.

  • 1. ilaiktraanik matadaan machine ka prayog kiya ja sakega. varsh 2004 ke Loksabha chunaav me inka sarvatr prayog hua
  • 2. raajanaitik dalon ka nirvaachan aayog ke paas anivaarya panjeekaran karavaana hoga yadi vah chunaav ladana chaahe to koi dal tabhi panjeekrut hoga jab vah samvidhaan ke maulik siddhaanton ke paalan kare tatha unka samaavesh apne daleeya samvidhaan me kare
  • 3. matadaan kendra par kabja, jaali mat

baahari kadiyaaain

sandarbh