Bhaarat naam ki utpatti

Bhaarat naam ki utpati ka sambandh praacheen Bhaarat ke chakravarti samraat, manu ke vanshaj Bhagwan rishabhadev ke putr bharat chakravarti se hai. bharat ek prataapi raaja evam mahaan bhakt the. shreemadbhaagavat ke panyacham skandh evam jain granthon mein unke jeevan evam anya janmon ka varnan aata hai.

bhaarateeya darshan ke anusaar srushti utpatti ke pashchaat brahma ke maanas putr svaayanbhuv manu ne vyavastha sambhaali. inke do putr, priyvrat aur uttaanapaad the. uttaanapaad bhakt dhruv ke pita the. inheen priyvrat ke das putr the. teen putr baalyakaal se hi virkt the. is kaaran priyvrat ne pruthvi ko saat bhaagon mein vibhkt kar ek-ek bhaag pratyek putr ko saunp diya. inheen mein se ek the aagneedhr jinhein jamboodveep ka shaasan kaarya saunpa gaya. vruddhaavastha mein aagneedhr ne apne nau putron ko jamboodveep ke vibhinn nau sthaanon ka shaasan daayitv saunpa. in nau putron mein sabse bade the naabhi jinhein himvarsh ka bhoo-bhaag mila. inhonne himvarsh ko swayam ke naam ajanaabh se jodkar ajanaabhavarsh prachaarit kiya. raaja naabhi ke putr the rishabhadev. rishabhadev ke sau putron mein bharat jyeshth evam sabse gunavaan the. rishabhadev ne vaanaprasth lene par unhein raajapaat saunp diya. pehle bhaaratavarsh ka naam riashabhadev ke pita naabhiraaj ke naam par ajanaabhavarsh prasiddh tha. bharat ke naam se hi log ajanaabhakhand ko bhaaratavarsh kehne lage. vishnu puraan mein ullekh aata hai "tatashch bhaaratavarsh tallo keshu geeyate" arthaat "tabhi se is desh ko Bhaarat varsh kaha jaane laga". vaayu puraan bhi kehta hai ki isse pehle bhaaratavarsh ka naam himvarsh tha.

hindu granth, skandh puraan (adhyaaya 37) ke anusaar: "rishabhadev naabhiraaj ke putr the, rishabh ke putr bharat the, aur inke hi naam par is desh ka naam "bhaaratavarsh" pada"|[1]

shreemadbhaagavat ke anusaar:[2]

yeshaan khalu mahaayogi bharato jyeshth: shreshthagun aaseedyenedan varshan bhaaratamiti vyapadishnti.9.

arthaat

unamein (sau putron mein) mahaayogi bharataji sabse bade aur sabse adhik gunavaan the. unheen ke naam se log is ajanaabhakhand ko bhaaratavarsh kehne lage.9.

do adhyaaya baad isi baat ko fir se doharaaya gaya hai. ek anya sthaan par Bhagwat mein likha hai "ajanaabh naamaitadvarsh Bhaarat miti yat aaranbhya vyapadishnti" arthaat "is varsh ko jiska naam ajanaabh varsh tha tabase (rishabh putr bharat ke samay se) Bhaarat varsh kehte hain".

ek anya mat jo ki aamtaur par paathya pustakon mein prachalit hai, ke anusaar dushyant aur shakuntala ke putr bharat ke naam par Bhaarat naam pada. parantu vibhinn sroton mein varnit tathyon ke aadhaar par yeh maanyata galat saabit hoti hai. poori vaishnav parampara aur jain parampara mein baar-baar darj hai ki samudra se lekar himaalaya tak faile is desh ka naam pratham teerthankar daarshanik raaja Bhagwan rishabhadev ke putr bharat ke naam par bhaaratavarsh pada. iske atirikt jis bhi puraan mein bhaaratavarsh ka vivran hai vahaan ise rishabh putr bharat ke naam par hi pada bataaya gaya hai.

vishnu puraan (ansh-2, adhyaaya-1) kehta hai ki jab rishabhadev ne nagn hokar gale mein baat baandhakar van prasthaan kiya to apne jyeshth putr bharat ko uttaraadhikaar diya jisse is desh ka naam bhaaratavarsh pad gaya.

rishabhaad bharato jajnyae jyeshth: putrashatasya s: (shlok 28) abhishichya sutan veeran bharatan pruthiveepati: (29) nagno veetaan mukhe krutva veeraadhavaanan tato gat: (31) tatashch bhaaratan varsham etad lokeshu geeyate (32)

ling puraan mein theek isi baat ko 47-21-24 mein doosare shabdon mein doharaaya gaya hai.

sobhichintayaath rishabho bharatan putravatsal:. jnyaaanavairaagyamaashritya jitvendriya mahoragaan. himaadrerdakshin varshan bharatasya nyavedayat. tasmaattu bhaaratan varsh tasya naamna vidurbudhaa:.

arthaat (sankshep mein) indriya roopi saaainpon par vijay paakar rishabh ne himaalaya ke dakshin mein jo raajya bharat ko diya to is desh ka naam tab se bhaaratavarsh pad gaya. isi baat ko prakaaraantar se vaayu aur brahmaand puraan mein bhi kaha gaya hai.

vishnu puraan kehta hai ki usi desh ka naam bhaaratavarsh hai jo samudra ke uttar aur himaalaya ke dakshin mein hai.

uttaram yat samudrasya himaadre: chaiv dakshinm. varsham tad bhaaratam naam bhaarati yatr santati:' (2,3,1).

ismein khaas baat yeh hai ki ismein jahaan Bhaarat raashtra ka varnan hai vahaaain bhaarateeyon ko bhaarati kehkar pukaara gaya hai.

mahaabhaarat ke bheeshm parv ke nauvein adhyaaya mein dhrutaraashtr se samvaad karte hue, unke mantri sanjaya kehte hain-

atr te varnayishyaami varsham Bhaarat bhaaratam. priyan indrasya devasya mano: vaivasvatasya ch. pruthoshch raajan vainyasya tathekshvaako: mahaatman:. yayaate: ambareeshasya maandhaatu: nahushasya ch. tathaiv muchukundasya shibe: ausheenarasya ch. rishabhasya tathailasya nrugasya nrupatestatha. anyeshaan ch mahaaraaj kshatriyaanaan baleeyasaam. sarveshaamev Rajendra priyan Bhaarat bhaaratam.

arthaat he mahaaraaj dhrutaraashtr, ab main aapko bataaooainga ki yeh Bhaarat desh sabhi raajaaon ko bahut hi priya raha hai. indr is desh ke deevaane the to vivsvaan ke putr manu is desh se bahut pyaar karte the. yayaati hon ya ambareesh, maandhaata rahe ho ya nahush, muchukund, shibi, rishabh ya mahaaraaj nrug rahe hon, in sabhi raajaaon ko tatha inke alaava jitne bhi mahaan aur balavaan raaja is desh mein hue, un sabko Bhaarat desh bahut priya raha hai.

isse pata chalta hai ki mahaabhaarat kaal se pehle se hi Bhaarat naam prachalit tha.

in tathyon ke dekhkar prashn utpann hota hai ki yeh dhaarana kahaaain se I ki dushyant-shakuntala ke putr bharat ke naam par is desh ka naam Bhaarat hua? is sambandh mein dhyaan dena hoga ki saatavein manu ke aage do vansh ho gaye the pehla ikshvaaku ya sooryavansh aur doosra chandravansh. isi chandravansh mein dushyant-shakuntala ke putr bharat ka janm hua. brahmavaivart puraan mein ullekh hai- "chakravarti suto jajnyae dushyantasya mahaatman: shakuntalaayaaain bharato yasya naamtu bhaarataa:" arthaat- "mahaatma dushyant ka shakuntala se chakravarti putr utpann hua jiski upaadhi Bhaarat hui". is bharat vansh ke log Bhaarat kahalaae. yahaaain bhaarataa: se is Bhaarat ki dhaarana ki gayi. jabki yeh bharat ke vanshajon se judi upaadhi hai. is sandarbh mein geeta ke vibhinn shlok dekhe ja sakte hain jinmein Bhagwan shreekrushn, arjun ko Bhaarat kah kar sambodhit karte hain jaise- "yada yada hi dharmasya glaanirbhavati Bhaarat".

iske atirikt rishabh putr bharat tatha dushyant putr bharat mein chh: manvantar ka antaraal hai. at: yeh desh atyant praacheen kaal se hi Bhaarat hai.

anukram

yeh bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. Sangave 2001, pa॰ 23.
  2. shreemadbhaagavat puraan, panyacham skandh, chaturth adhyaaya, shlok 9

sandarbh soochi

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