Bhaarat ki panchavarsheeya yojanaaeain

Bhaarat ki arthavyavastha ka ek bada hissa, Bhaarat ke yojana aayog dvaara viksit, kaaryaanvit aur iski dekh rekh me chalne waali panchavarsheeya yojanaaon par aadhaarit hai. pradhaanamantri ke yojana aayog ka paden adhyaksh pad ke saath, aayog ka ek manoneet upaadhyaksh bhi hota hai jiska ohada, ek cabinet mantri ke baraabar hota hai. montek Singh Ahluwalia vartamaan me aayog ke upaadhyaksh hain. gyaarahaveen panchavarsheeya yojana ka kaaryakaal March 2012 mein poora ho gaya hai aur baarahvi yojana is samay chal rahi hai.

anukram

pehli yojana (1951-1956)

pehle bhaarateeya pradhaanamantri Jawahar laal Nehru 8 December 1951 ko Bhaarat ki sansad ko pehli paaainch saal ki yojana prastut ki. yojan mukhya roop se sambodhit kiya, baandhon aur sinchaai mein nivesh sahit krushi pradhaan kshetr,. krushi kshetr mein Bhaarat ke vibhaajan aur tatkaal dhyaan dene ki jaroorat sabse mushkil maana gaya tha [3] 206,8 arab (1950 vinimay dar mein 23.6 arab ameriki dollar) ki kul yojana banaai bajat saat vyaapak kshetron ko aavantit kiya gaya tha: sinchaai aur oorja (27.2 pratishat). krushi aur saamudaayik vikaas (17.4 pratishat), parivhan aur sanchaar (24 pratishat), udyog (8.4 pratishat), saamaajik sevaaon (16.64 pratishat), bhoomi punarvaas (4.1 pratishat) aur anya kshetron aur sevaaon ke liye (2.5 pratishat). [ 4] is charan ka sabse mahatvapoorn visheshata raajya ke sabhi aarthik kshetron mein sakriya bhoomika thi. is tarah ki ek bhoomika us samay uchit tha kyonki svatantrata ke turant baad Bhaarat mein buniyaadi poonji aur kam kshamata ko bachaane ki kami ki samasyaaon ka saamana karna pad raha tha. lakshya vikaas dar 2.1% ki vaarshik sakal ghareloo utpaad (GDP) vikaas tha, haasil ki vikaas dar 3.6% thi. shuddh ghareloo utpaad 15% se oopar chala gaya. monsoon achha tha aur vahaaain apekshaakrut uchch fasal ki paidaavaar the, mudra bhandaar badhaane aur prati vyakti aay hai, jo 8% ki vruddhi hui. raashtreeya aay teji se janasankhya vruddhi ke kaaran prati vyakti aay se adhik vruddhi hui hai. kai sinchaai pariyojanaaen is avadhi ke dauraan shuroo kiye gaye the, bhaakhada baandh aur heeraakund baandh sahit. vishv svaasthya sangathan, Bhaarat sarkaar ke saath, bachchon ke svaasthya aur kam shishu mrutyu dar ko sambodhit kiya, paroksh roop se janasankhya vruddhi mein yogadaan de. 1956 mein yojana avadhi ke ant mein paanch bhaarateeya praudyogiki (IIT) ke sansthaan ke pramukh takaneeki sansthaanon ke roop mein shuroo kiye gaye. vishvavidyaalaya anudaan aayog ne dhan ka khyaal rakhana aur upaaya karne ke liye desh mein uchch shiksha ko majaboot sthaapit kiya gaya tha. [5] paanch ispaat sanyantr, jo doosari panchavarsheeya yojana ke beech mein astitv mein aaya shuroo sanvida par hastaakshar kiye gaye .

doosari yojana (1956-1961)

doosra paanch saal udyog par dhyaan keindrit yojana hai, vishesh roop se bhaari udyog. pehle ki yojana hai, jo mukhya roop se krushi par dhyaan keindrit ke vipreet, audyogik utpaadon ke ghareloo utpaadan dviteeya yojana mein protsaahit kiya gaya tha, saarvajanik kshetr ke vikaas mein vishesh roop se. yojana mahaalanobis model, ek aarthik vikaas 1953 mein bhaarateeya saankhyikeevid prashaant chandr mahalaanobis dvaara viksit model ka paalan kiya. yojana ke utpaadak kshetron ke beech nivesh ke ishtatam aabantan nirdhaarit kram mein karne ke liye lambe samay se chalaane ke aarthik vikaas ko adhiktam karne ka prayaas kiya. yeh operation anusandhaan aur anukoolan ke kala takaneekon ke prachalit raajya ke roop mein ke roop mein achhi tarah se bhaarateeya Statiatical sansthaan mein viksit saankhyikeeya model ke upanyaas anuprayogon ka istemaal kiya. yojana ek band arthavyavastha hai jismein mukhya vyaapaarik gatividhi aayaat poonjeegat vastuon par keindrit hoga grahan kiya. [6] [7] panabijli aur pariyojanaaon paanch steel milon ke bhilaai, durgaapur, raaurakela aur sthaapit kiye gaye the. koyala utpaadan badha diya gaya tha. railway laainon ke uttar poorv mein joda gaya tha. 1948 mein homi jahaangeer bhaabha ke saath parmaanu oorja aayog ke pehle adhyaksh ke roop mein gathan kiya gaya tha. tata Institute of fandaameintal research ke ek anusandhaan sansthaan ke roop mein sthaapit kiya gaya tha. 1957 mein ek pratibha khoj aur chhaatravrutti kaaryakram pratibhaashaali yuva chhaatron ke parmaanu shakti mein kaam karne ke liye train ko khojane ke liye shuroo ho gaya tha. Bhaarat mein doosra panchavarsheeya yojana ke tahat aavantit kul raashi rupae tha. 4800 karod. yeh raashi vibhinn kshetron ke beech aavantit kiya gaya tha: khanan aur udyog samudaaya aur krushi vikaas bijli aur sinchaai saamaajik sevaaon sanchaar aur parivhan vividh taaraget growth: 4.5% vaastavik vruddhi: 4.27%

teesari yojana (1961-1966)

teesari yojana krushi aur gehoon ke utpaadan mein sudhaar par jor diya, lekin 1962 ke sankshipt Bhaarat - cheen yuddh arthavyavastha mein kamjoriyon ko ujaagar aur raksha udyog ki or dhyaan sthaanaantarit kar diya. 1965-1966 mein Bhaarat Pakistan ke saath yuddh lada. mudraasfeeti aur praathamikta ke netrutv mein yuddh ke moolya sthireekaran ke liye sthaanaantarit kar diya gaya tha. baandhon ke nirmaan jaari rakha. kai cement aur urvarak sanyantr bhi banaaya gaya tha. Punjab mein gehoon ki bahutaayat ka nirmaan shuroo kiya. kai graameen kshetron mein praathamik schoolon mein shuroo kiye gaye. ke liye jameeni star par lokatantr laane ke prayaas mein panchaayat chunaav shuroo kar diya hai aur raajyon mein aur adhik vikaas jimmedaariyon diye gaye the. raajya bijli bordon aur raajya ke maadhyamik shiksha bordon ka gathan kiya gaya. raajya maadhyamik aur uchch shiksha ke liye jimmedaar kiye gaye the. raajya sadak parivhan nigmon ka gathan the aur sthaaneeya sadak nirmaan ke ek raajya jimmedaari ban gaya hai. sakal ghareloo utpaad (sakal ghareloo utpaad) ka lakshya vikaas dar 5.6 percent.The haasil vruddhi dar 2.84 pratishat thi. [prashasti patra ki jaroorat].

chauthi yojana (1969-1974)

is samay indira Gandhi pradhaanamantri theen. indira Gandhi sarkaar ne 14 raashtreeyakrut pramukh bhaarateeya bankon aur Bhaarat unnat krushi mein harit kraanti. iske alaava, 1971 aur Bangladesh mukti yuddh ke Bhaarat - Pakistan yuddh ke roop mein poorvi Pakistan (ab Bangladesh) mein sthiti sakht ho gaya tha jagah le li. audyogik vikaas ke liye nirdhaarit fund ke liye yuddh ke prayaas ke liye bhej diya tha. Bhaarat bhi 1974 mein Bengal ki khaadi mein saatavein bede ke sanyukt raajya America tainaati ke javaab mein aanshik roop se muskura buddh bhoomigat parmaanu pareekshan, pradarshan kiya. bede ke liye pashchimi Pakistan par hamla karne aur vistaar yuddh ke khilaaf Bhaarat ko chetaavani di tainaat kiya gaya tha. taaraget growth: 5.7% vaastavik vruddhi: 3.30%...

paanchaveen yojana (1974-1979)

tanaav rojagaar, gareebi unmoolan aur nyaaya par rakhi gayi thi. yojana bhi krushi utpaadan aur bachaav mein aatmanirbharata par jor diya. 1978 mein nav nirvaachit moraaraji Desai sarkaar ki yojana ko asveekaar kar diya. vidyut aapoorti adhiniyam 1975 mein adhiniymit kiya gaya tha, jo kendreeya sarkaar ne vidyut utpaadan aur paareshan mein pravesh karne ke liye saksham hona chaahiye. [prashasti patra ki jaroorat] bhaarateeya raashtreeya raajamaarg pranaali pehli baar ke liye pesh kiya gaya tha aur kai sadkon ke liye badhti yaataayaat ko samaayojit chaudi the. paryatan bhi vistaar kiya. taaraget growth: 4.4% vaastavik vikaas: 3.8

chhathi yojana (1980-1985)

chhathe yojana bhi aarthik udaareekaran ki shuruaat ke roop mein chihnit. moolya niyantran ka safaaya kar rahe the aur raashan ki dukaanon ko band the. yeh khaadya keematon mein vruddhi aur jeevan yaapan ki laagat mein vruddhi karne ke liye netrutv kiya. yeh neharoovaadi yojana ke ant tha aur is avadhi ke dauraan Rajiv Gandhi pradhaanamantri the. janasankhya ko rokane ke kram mein parivaar niyojan bhi vistaar kiya gaya tha. cheen ke sakht aur baadhyakaari ek bachche neeti ke vipreet, bhaarateeya neeti bal - prayog ki dhamaki par bharosa naheen tha [prashasti patra ki jaroorat]. Bhaarat ke samruddh kshetron mein parivaar niyojan kam samruddh kshetron, jo ek uchch janm dar jaari ki tulana mein adhik teji se apnaaya. taaraget growth: 5.2% vaastavik vruddhi: 5.66%

saataveen yojana (1985-1989)

saataveen yojana Congress party ke satta mein vaapasi ke roop mein chihnit. yojana udyogon ki utpaadakata star mein sudhaar par praudyogiki ke unnayan ke dvaara tanaav rakhi. 7 paanch saal ki yojana ka mukhya uddeshya aarthik utpaadakata badhti hai, anaaj ke utpaadan aur rojagaar ke avsar paida kshetron mein vikaas ki sthaapana ke the. chhathe panchavarsheeya yojana ke ek parinaam ke roop mein, vahaaain krushi, mudraasfeeti ki dar par niyantran aur jo saataveen panchavarsheeya aage aarthik vikaas ke liye aavashyakta par nirmaan ki yojana ke liye ek majaboot aadhaar pradaan kiya tha bhugataan ke anukool santulan mein sthir vikaas kiya gaya tha. 7 veen yojana samaajavaad aur bade paimaane par oorja utpaadan ki disha mein prayaasarat tha. 7 panchavarsheeya yojana ke mahatvapoorn kshetron ko aayojik kiya gaya hai: saamaajik nyaaya utpeedn ke kamjor ka hataaya aadhunik praudyogiki ka prayog krushi vikaas gareebi virodhi kaaryakramon poorn bhojan, kapde aur aashray ke aapoorti chhote aur bade paimaane par kisaanon ki utpaadakata mein vruddhi Bhaarat ek svatantr arthavyavastha banaana sthir vikaas ki disha mein prayaas ke ek 15 saal ki avadhi ke aadhaar par, 7 veen yojana varsh 2000 tak aatmanirbhar vikaas ki poorvaapekshaaen praapt karne par dhyaan keindrit kiya gaya tha. yojana ki ummeed 39 million logon aur rojagaar ki shram shakti mein vruddhi prati varsh 4 pratishat ki dar se badhne ki ummeed thi. saataveen panchavarsheeya yojana Bhaarat ki ummeed parinaamon ke kuchh neeche diye gaye hain: bhugataan santulan (anumaan): niryaat - 33,000 karod rupae (6.7 arab ameriki dollar), aayaat - (-) chauvan hajaar karod (11 arab ameriki dollar), trade baileins - (-) 21,000 karod (arab ameriki dollar 4.3) panya niryaat (anumaan): 60,653 karod rupae (12.3 arab Amreeki dollar) panya (anumaan) aayaat: 95,437 karod rupae (19.4 arab Amreeki dollar) bhugataan santulan ke liye anumaan: niryaat 60,700 karod rupae (12.3 arab Amreeki dollar), aayaat - (-) 95,400 karod rupae (19.3 arab Amreeki dollar), vyaapaar santulan (-) 34,700 karod rupae (7 arab Amreeki dollar) saataveen panchavarsheeya yojana Bhaarat svaichhik agencyon aur aam janta se bahumoolya yogadaan ke saath desh mein ek aatmanirbhar arthavyavastha ke baare mein laane ke prayaas. taaraget growth: 5.0% vaastavik vruddhi: 6.01%

1989-91 ke beech ki avadhi

aathaveen yojana (1992-1997)

1989-91 Bhaarat mein aarthik asthirta ki avadhi aur isliye koi paanch varsh ki yojana laagoo kiya gaya tha. 1990 aur 1992 ke beech, vahaaain keval vaarshik yojanaaon the. 1991 mein, Bhaarat ko videshi mudra bhandaar (faureks) mein ek sankat hai, keval America ke baare mein 1 arab dollar ke bhandaar ke saath chhod diya ka saamana karna pada. is prakaar, dabaav ke tahat, desh aur samaajavaadi arthavyavastha mein sudhaar ke jokhim liya. P.V. narasinh Rao Bhaarat ganaraajya ke baarahavein pradhaanamantri aur Congress party ke pramukh tha aur Bhaarat ke aadhunik itihaas ek pramukh aarthik parivartan aur kai ghatnaaon ko raashtreeya suraksha ko prabhaavit karne ki dekharekh mein sabse mahatvapoorn prashaasan ka netrutv kiya. us samay dau॰ Manmohan Singh (vartamaan mein Bhaarat ke pradhaanamantri) Bhaarat mukt baajaar sudhaaron hai ki kinaare se lagbhag divaaliya raashtra vaapas laaya ka shubhaaranbh kiya. yeh Bhaarat mein nijeekaran aur udaareekaran ki shuruaat thi. udyogon ke aadhunikeekaran ke aathaveen yojana ke ek pramukh aakarshan tha. is yojana ke tahat, bhaarateeya arthavyavastha ke kramik kholne ke teji se badhte ghaate aur videshi karj sahi kiya gaya tha. is beech Bhaarat ne 1 January 1995.This Rao aur Manmohan aarthik vikaas ke model ke roop mein kaha ja sakta hai hai ki yojana par vishv vyaapaar sangathan ka ek sadasya ban gaya. pramukh uddeshyon mein shaamil hai, janasankhya vruddhi, gareebi mein kami, rojagaar srujan ko niyantrit karne, buniyaadi dhaanche, sansthaagat nirmaan, paryatan prabandhan, maanav sansaadhan vikaas, panchaayat raaj, nagar Palikas, gair sarkaari sangathan aur vikendreekaran aur logon ki bhaageedaari ki bhaageedaari ko majaboot banaane. oorja parivyaya ka 26.6% ke saath praathamikta di thi. ek ausat lakshya 5.6% ke khilaaf 6.78% ki vaarshik vruddhi dar haasil ki thi. prativrsh 5.6% ki ek ausat ke lakshya ko praapt karne ke liye, sakal ghareloo utpaad ke 23.2% ka nivesh aavashyak tha. vruddhisheel poonji anupaat hai invetsment liye 4.1.The bachat ghareloo sroton aur videshi sroton se aate hain, ghareloo bachat ki dar ke saath sakal ghareloo utpaadan ka 21.6% aur videshi bachat ke sakal ghareloo utpaadan ka 1.6% par tha. [8]

nauveen yojana (1997-2002)

nauveen panchavarsheeya yojana Bhaarat avadhi ke maadhyam se teji se audyogeekaran, maanav vikaas, poorn paimaane par rojagaar, gareebi mein kami aur ghareloo sansaadhanon par aatmanirbharata jaise uddeshyon ko praapt karne ka mukhya uddeshya ke saath 1997 se 2002 tak chalta hai. nauveen panchavarsheeya yojana Bhaarat ki prushthabhoomi: nauveen panchavarsheeya yojana ke beech Bhaarat ko svatantrata ki svarn jayanti ki prushthabhoomi taiyaar ki gayi thi. nauveen Bhaarat ki paanch varsheeya yojana ke mukhya uddeshya hain: ke ke liye krushi kshetr ko praathamikta aur graameen vikaas par jor diya karne ke liye paryaapt rojagaar ke avsar paida karne aur gareebi mein kami ko badhaava dene ke keematon ko sthir karne mein arthavyavastha ki vikaas dar mein teji laane ke khaadya aur poshan suraksha ko sunishchit karne ke sabhi ke liye shiksha jaisi buniyaadi dhaanchaagat suvidhaaon ke liye pradaan karne ke liye, surakshit peene ke paani, praathamik svaasthya dekhbhaal, parivhan, oorja badhti janasankhya vruddhi ki jaanch karne ke liye mahila sashaktikran, kuchh laabh samaaj ke vishesh samooh ke liye sanrakshan ki tarah saamaajik muddon ko protsaahit niji nivesh mein vruddhi ke liye ek udaar baajaar banaane ke liye nauveen yojana avadhi ke dauraan vruddhi dar pratishat 5.35 tha, ek pratishat ank se kam 6.5 feesadi ka lakshya GDP vikaas.

dasveen yojana (2002-2007)

8% prati varsh sakal ghareloo utpaad vruddhi haasil hai. 2007 tak 5 pratishat ankon se gareebi anupaat ke kami. kam se kam shram shakti ke alaava laabhakaari aur uchch gunavatta vaale rojagaar upalabdh karaana; * school mein Bhaarat mein 2003 tak sabhi bachchon, 2007 tak sabhi bachchon ko schooli shiksha ke 5 saal poora. saaksharata aur majadoori daron mein ling antaraal mein 2007 tak kam se kam 50% dvaara nyooneekaran, janasankhya 2001 aur 2011 ke beech 16.2% ke liye vikaas ke dashak ki dar mein kami *, * saaksharata dar mein dasveen yojana avadhi (2002 ke bheetar 75 pratishat karne ke liye badhaaeain - 2007)

gyaarahaveen yojana (2007-2012)

vartamaan me Bhaarat me gyaarahavi panchavarsheeya yojana ki samayaavadhi 1 April 2007 se 31 March 2012 tak hai. yojana aayog dvaara raajya ki panchavarsheeya yojana ka kul bajat 71731.98 karod rupaye anumodit kiya gaya hai. yeh udavya 10 vi yojana se 39900.23 karod jyaada hai. krushi vruddhi dar : 3.5% udyog vruddhi dar : 8% seva vruddhi dar : 8.9% ghareloo utpaad vruddhi dar : 8% Litrecy 85%

12veen yojana (2012-2017)

yojana aayog ne varsh 01 April 2012 se 31 March 2017 tak chalne waali 12veen panchavarsheeya yojana mein saalaana 10 feesadi ki aarthik vikaas dar haasil karne ka lakshya nirdhaarit kiya hai. vaishvik aarthik sankat ka asar bhaarateeya arthavyavastha par bhi pada hai. isi ke chalte 11 panchavarsheeya yojana mein aarthik vikaas dar ki raftaar ko 9 pratishat se ghataakar 8.1 pratishat karne ka lakshya rakha gaya hai. September, 2008 mein shuroo hue aarthik sankat ka asar is vitt varsh mein bade paimaane par dekha gaya hai. yahi vajah thi ki is dauraan aarthik vikaas dar ghatkar 6.7 pratishat ho gayi thi. jabki isse pehle ke teen vitt varsho mein arthavyavastha mein nau feesadi se jyaada ki dar se aarthik vikaas hua tha. beete vitt varsh 2009-10 mein arthavyavastha mein hue sudhaar se aarthik vikaas dar ko thoda bal mila aur yeh 7.4 feesadi tak pahunch gayi. ab sarkaar ne chaaloo vitt varsh mein iske badhkar 8.5 pratishat tak hone ka anumaan lagaaya hai. 12 panchavarsheeya yojana ko lekar hui pehli baithak ke baad yojana aayog ke upaadhyaksh montek Singh aahaloovaaliya ne samvaadadaataaon se kaha ki pradhaanamantri Manmohan Singh ne hamein 12veen yojana mein 10 pratishat ki aarthik vikaas dar haasil karne ki baat kahi hai.Chidambaram ne kaha ki 12veen yojana mein saalaana vikaas dar ke aankade ko 8.2 pratishat rakha gaya h .ullekhaneeya hai ki maujooda vaishvik samasyaaon ke maddenajar yeh lakshya kam kiya gaya hai jabki 12veen yojana ke eproch pepar mein ise nau pratishat rakhane ka prastaav tha.Bhaarat ne 11veen yojanaavadhi ke dauraan 7.9 pratishat ki vaarshik ausat vikaas dar haasil ki hai. yeh haalaanki 11veen yojana ke prastaavit lakshya nau pratishat se kam hai.anya baaton ke alaava 12veen yojana mein krushi kshetr ki ausat vruddhi dar chaar pratishat haasil karne ka lakshya tay kiya gaya hai. vinirmaan kshetr ke liye das pratishat ka lakshya hai.

sandarbh

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