Bhaarat ki janaganana 2011

Bhaarat ki janaganana 2011

Bhaarat ki janaganana 2011, janaganana aayukt si. chandramauli dvaara raashtra ko samarpit Bhaarat ki 15veen raashtreeya janaganana hai, jo 1 May 2010 ko aarambh hui thi. Bhaarat mein janaganana 1872 se ki jaati rahi hai aur yeh pehli baar hai jab baayometrik jaankaari ekatrit ki gayi. janaganana ko do charanon mein poora kiya gaya. anantim jaari prativedan ke anusaar, Bhaarat ki janasankhya 2001-2011 dashak ke dauraan 18,14,55,986 se badhkar 1,21,01,93,422 ho gayi hai aur, Bhaarat ne janasankhya ke maamale mein apne doosare sthaan ko banaae rakha hai. is dauraan desh ki saaksharata dar bhi 64.83% se badhkar 74.04% ho gayi hai.

anukram

kaaryakshetr aur prakriya

2011 ki janaganana ke liye kul 27 lakh adhikaareeyon ne 7,000 nagaron/kasbon aur 6,00,000 gaaainvon ke parivaaron ke yahaaain padhaar kar aaainkade jutaae jismein logon ko ling, dharm, shiksha-star aur vyavasaaya ityaadi mein vargeekrut kiya gaya. is kaam mein kul 22 arab rupae kharch kiye gaye. prati das varshon mein honi waali is janaganana mein desh ke vishaal aakaar aur saanskrutik vividhta ke atirikt bhi bahut si chunautiyaaain bhi hoti hain.

jaati ka samaavesh

janaganana mein kisi vyakti ki jaati se sambandhit soochana ka samaavesh, sattaaroodh gathabandhan ke kai bade netaaon jaise ki laaloo prasaad Yadav, sharad Yadav, mulaayam Singh Yadav aur maayaavati jaise netaaon ki jordaar maang par kiya gaya. isi maang ka samarthan vipakshi paartiyon jaise ki bhaarateeya janta party, akaali dal, shivsena aur anna Dravid munetr kashagam[1] dalon dvaara bhi kiya gaya. jaati sambandhi soochana ka samaavesh pichhli baar british raaj ke dauraan hui 1931 ki janaganana mein kiya gaya tha. shuruaati janagananaaon ke dauraan, log aksar samaaj mein khud ko ooainche tabake ka dikhaane ke liye apni jaati ko badha chadha kar pesh kiya karte the, par is baar lagta hai ki log sarkaari laabh paane ke ummeed mein apni jaati ko nimn bataane ki cheshta karein.[2]

svatantr Bhaarat mein jaati-ganana ka sirf ek udaaharan milta hai. Kerala mein 1968 mein E.M.S. nanboodireepaad ki communist sarkaar ke dvaara vibhinn nichli jaatiyon ke saamaajik aur aarthik pichhdepan ke aakalan ke liye jaati-ganana ki gayi thi. is janaganana ko 1968 ka saamaajik-aarthik sarvekshan kaha gaya tha aur iske parinaam Kerala ke 1971 ke raajapatr mein prakaashit kiye gaye the.[3]

janaganana

is janaganana mein teen prashnaavaliyaaain theen, makaanasoocheekaran, raashtreeya janasankhya rajistar aur parivaar-ikaaiyaaain.

makaanasoocheekaran anusoochi

makaanasoocheekaran anusoochi mein 35 prashn the.[4]

bhavan sankhya
janaganana makaan number
janaganana makaan ke farsh, deevaar aur chhat mein prayukt pramukh saamagri
janaganana makaan ke upayog ka pata lagaayein
janaganana makaan ki haalat
parivaar kramaank
is parivaar mein saamaanyat: rahane vaale vyaktiyon ki kul sankhya
parivaar ke mukhiya ka naam
mukhiya ka ling
jaati (a.ja., a.j.ja. ya anya)
is makaan ke svaamitv ki sthiti
is parivaar ke paas rahane ke liye upalabdh kamron ki sankhya
is parivaar mein rahane vaale vivaahit dampattiyon ki sankhya
peyajal ka mukhya srot
peyajal ki upalabdhata ka srot
prakaash ka mukhya srot
parisar ke andar shauchaalaya
shauchaalaya suvidha ka prakaar
gande paani ki nikaasi kisase judi hui hai
parisar ke andar snaan suvidha ki upalabdhata
rasoighar ki upalabdhata
khaana pakaane ke liye prayukt indhan
radio/traanjistar
television
computer/laptop
telephone/mobile phone
cycle
scooter/motor cycle/moped
car/jeep/vain
banking seva ka upayog kar rahe hain

parivaar anusoochi

parivaar anusoochi mein 29 prashn hain.[5][6]

vyakti ka naam
mukhiya se sambandh
ling
janm tithi aur aayu
vartamaan vaivaahik sthiti
vivaah ke samay aayu
dharm
anusoochit jaati (a.ja.)/anusoochit janajaati (a.j.ja.)
ni:shaktata
maatrubhaasha
anya bhaashaaon ka gyaan
saaksharata ki sthiti
shiksha grahan ki sthiti
praapt shiksha ka uchchatam star
gat varsh kisi bhi samay koi kaamkaaj kiya
aarthik kaaryakalaap ki shreni
vyavasaaya
udyog, vyaapaar athva seva ka svaroop
karmi ka varg
gair aarthik kaaryakalaap
kaam ki khoj mein athva kaam ke liye upalabdh
kaaryasthal tak ki yaatra
janm sthaan
poorv nivaas sthaan
sthaan parivartan ka kaaran
sthaan parivartan ke baad is gaanv/nagar mein nivaas ki avadhi
jeevit bachche
kabhi bhi paida hue bachche
gat ek varsh ke dauraan jeevit paida hue bachchon ki sankhya

janaganana report

bhaarateeya janasankhya mein dashakavaar vruddhi (1901-2011).

janaganana se anantim aankadon ko 31 March 2011 ko jaari kiya gaya. sampoorn report ke varsh 2012 mein jaari kiye jaane ki ummeed hai.[7]

janasankhya kul 1,210,854,977
purush 623,270,258
mahilaayein 587,584,719
saaksharata kul 74.04%
purush 82.14%
mahilaayein 65.46%
janasankhya ghanatv prati varg kimi 382
lingaanupaat prati 1000 purushon par 940 mahilaayein

raajyaanusaar janaganana report

kramaank kendra shaasit pradesh /
raajya ka naam
type kul janasankhya
kul janasankhya ka pratishat (%)
purush mahilaaen
1 andamaan aur nikobaar dweep samooh kendra shaasit pradesh 379944 0.03 202330 177614
2 Andhra pradesh raajya 84665533 7.00 42509881 42155652
3z arunaachal pradesh raajya 1382611 0.11 720232 662379
4 asam raajya 31169272 2.68 15954927 15214345
5 Bihar raajya 103,804,637 8.48 54185347 49619290
6 Chandigarh kendra shaasit pradesh 1054686 0.09 580282 474404
7 Chhattisgarh raajya 25540196 2.11 12827915 12712281
8 daadara aur nagar ​a​ahaveli kendra shaasit pradesh 342853 0.03 193178 149675
9 daman aur deev kendra shaasit pradesh 242911 0.02 150100 92811
10 Delhi kendra shaasit pradesh 16753235 1.38 8976410 7776825
11 Goa raajya 1457723 0.12 740711 717012
12 Gujarat raajya 60383628 4.99 31482282 28901346
13 Haryana raajya 25353081 2.09 13505130 11847951
14 Himachal pradesh raajya 6856509 0.57 3473892 3382617
15 Jammu aur Kashmir raajya 12548926 1.04 6665561 5883365
16 Jharkhand raajya 32966238 2.72 16931688 16034550
17 Karnataka raajya 61130704 5.05 31057742 30072962
18 Kerala raajya 33387677 2.76 16021290 17366387
19 lakshadveep kendra shaasit pradesh 64429 0.01 33106 31323
20 madhya pradesh raajya 72597565 6.00 37612920 34984645
21 Maharashtra raajya 112,372,972 9.29 58361397 54011575
22 manipur raajya 2721756 0.22 1369764 1351992
23 meghaalaya raajya 2964007 0.24 1492668 1471339
24 mijoram raajya 1091014 0.09 552339 538675
25 naagaalaind raajya 1980602 0.16 1025707 954895
26 udeesa raajya 41947358 3.47 21201678 20745680
27 paandicheri kendra shaasit pradesh 1244464 0.10 610485 633979
28 Punjab raajya 27704236 2.29 14634819 13069417
29 Rajasthan raajya 68621012 5.67 35620086 33000926
30 sikkim raajya 607688 0.05 321661 286027
31 Tamil Nadu raajya 72138958 5.96 36158871 35980087
32 tripura raajya 3671032 0.30 1871867 1799165
33 uttaraakhand raajya 10116752 0.84 5154178 4962574
34 uttar pradesh raajya 199,581,477 16.49 104,596,415 94985062
35 pashchim Bengal raajya 91347736 7.55 46927389 44420347
' kul ' '1, 210,193,422 ' '100 ' '623, 724,248 ' '586, 469,174 '

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain