Bhaarat ke vaideshik sambandh

Bhaarat
Emblem of India.svg

yeh lekh yeh shreni ke sambandh mein hai:

Bhaarat ki raajaneeti


Bhaarat sarkaar

samvidhaan

vidhaayika

kaaryapaalika

nyaayapaalika

sthaaneeya

bhaarateeya chunaav


anya desh • praveshadvaar:raajaneeti
praveshadvaar:Bhaarat sarkaar
dekhein samvaad sanpaadan

kisi bhi desh ki videsh neeti itihaas se gahra sambandh rakhati hai. Bhaarat ki videsh neeti bhi itihaas aur svatantrata aandolan se sambandh rakhati hai. aitihaasik viraasat ke roop mein Bhaarat ki videsh neeti aaj un anek tathyon ko samete hue hai jo kabhi bhaarateeya svatantrata aandolan se upaje the. shaantipoorn sahaastitv va vishvashaanti ka vichaar hajaaron varsh puraane us chintan ka parinaam hai jise mahaatma buddh va mahaatma Gandhi jaise vichaarakon ne prastut kiya tha. isi tarah Bhaarat ki videsh neeti mein upaniveshavaad, saamraajyavaad va rangabhed ki neeti ka virodh mahaan raashtreeya aandolan ki upaj hai.

Bhaarat ke adhiktar deshon ke saath aupachaarik raajanayik sambandh hain. janasankhya ki drushti se yeh duniya ka doosra sabse bada desh hai. Bhaarat duniya ka sabse bada lokatantraatmak vyavastha wala desh bhi hai aur iski arthavyavastha vishv ki badhti arthavyavasthaaon mein se ek hai.[1]

chitr:Dmitry Medvedev at the 34th G8 Summit 7-9 July 2008-61.jpg
Bhaarat ke pradhaanamantri Manmohan Singh ke saath roosi raashtrapati, 34vaaain ji-8 shikhar sammelan
chitr:Dmitry Medvedev in China 14 April 2011-6.jpeg
briks shikhar sammelan mein Bhaarat ke tatkaaleen pradhaanamantri Manmohan Singh 14 April 2011

praacheen kaal mein bhi Bhaarat ke samast vishv se vyaapaarik, saanskrutik va dhaarmik sambandh rahe hain. samay ke saath saath Bhaarat ke kai bhaagon mein kai alag alag raaja rahe, Bhaarat ka svaroop bhi badalta raha kintu vaishvik taur par Bhaarat ke sambandh sada bane rahe. saamarik sambandhon ki baat ki jaae to Bhaarat ki visheshata yahi hai ki vah kabhi bhi aakraamak naheen raha.

1947 mein apni svatantrata ke baad se, Bhaarat ne adhikaansh deshon ke saath sauhaardapoorn sambandh banaae rakha hai. vaishvik manchon par Bhaarat sada sakriya raha hai. 1990 ke baad aarthik taur par bhi Bhaarat ne vishv ko prabhaavit kiya hai. saamarik taur par Bhaarat ne apni shakti ko banaae rakha hai aur vishv shaanti mein yathaasanbhav yogadaan karta raha hai. Pakistan va cheen ke saath Bhaarat ke sambandh kuchh tanaavapoorn avashya hain kintu roos ke saath saamarik sambandhon ke alaava, Bhaarat ka ijaraayal aur France ke saath vistrut raksha sambandh hai.

Bhaarat ki videsh neeti ke nirmaan ki avastha ko nimn prakaar se samjha ja sakta hai:-

anukram

svatantrata se pehle Bhaarat ki videsh neeti ka nirmaan

yadyapi svatantrata se pehle Bhaarat ki videsh neeti ka vikaas Bhaarat mein East indiya company ke shaasanakaal mein hi hua, lekin isse pehle bhi bhaarateeya chintan mein shaantipoorn sahaastitv, ahinsa jaise siddhaanton ke saath-saath kautilya ke chintan mein kootaneetik upaayon ka bhi varnan milta hai. kuchh vidvaan to aaj bhi yeh maanate hain ki videsh neeti ke kuchh upakaran va saadhya kautilya ki hi den hai.

Bhaarat mein East indiya company ke shaasanakaal mein angarejon ne Bhaarat ki videsh neeti ka nirdhaaran apne vyaapaarik hiton ki suraksha va usaki vruddhi ko dhyaan mein rakhakar kiya tha. angrejon ne cheen, Afghanistan tatha Tibet ko bafr state maana. unhonein cheen mein bhi vishesh ruchi li aur Bhaarat-cheen seema ka nirdhaaran kiya. angrejon ne nefa (arunaachal pradesh) ko bhaarateeya seema mein hi rakha aur bhootaan va sikkim Bhaarat ki videsh neeti ke nirmaan ki avastha va aitihaasik vikaas ko vishesh mahatva diya. unhonne apne vyaapaarik sharton ke liye is kshetr mein suraksha ka uttaradaayitv swayam sambhaala.

bhaarateeya raashtreeya aandolan va videsh neeti

Bhaarat ki videsh neeti ke aadhaanik siddhaanton ka nirmaan bhaarateeya raashtreeya aandolan ke dauraan 1885 mein bhaarateeya raashtreeya Congress ki sthaapana hone ke baad hi hua. 1885 se hi Congress ne angrejon ki damanakaari neeti ka virodh karna shuru kar diya aur kuchh aise buniyaadi siddhaanton ki neenv daali jo aaj bhi Bhaarat ki videsh neeti ka aadhaar hain.

1885 mein paarit ek prastaav dvaara Congress ne uttari barma ko apne kshetr mein mila lene ke liye Britain ki ninda ki. isi tarah 1892 mein ek anya prastaav dvaara Bhaarat ne apne aapko angrejon ki saamraajyavaadi neetiyon se swayam ko svatantr bataaya. isi dauraan Congress ne Bhaarat ko barma, Afghanistan, Iran, Tibet aadi niktavarti raajyon ke viruddh sainik kaaryavaahi hetu prayog kiye jaane par asantosh jataaya gaya. yeh Bhaarat ki asanlagnata ki neeti ki hi prushshthabhoomi thi. pratham vishvayuddh tak Congress ka angrejon ke prati drushshtikon-asanlagnata ki neeti ka paalan arthaat british neetiyon se swayam ko door rakhana hi raha. is dauraan Congress ne angrejon ki saamraajyavaadi va upaniveshavaadi tatha dakshin Africa mein laai ja rahi rangabhed ki neeti ka virodh kiya jo aage chalakar aadhunik Bhaarat ki videsh neeti ka mahatvapoorn uddeshya va siddhaant bani.

pratham vishvayuddh ke baad 1921 mein Congress ne ghoshana ki ki british sarkaar ki neetiyaan Bhaarat ki neetiyaan naheen hain aur na hi ve kisi tarah Bhaarat ki pratinidhi ho sakti. Congress ne yeh bhi ghoshana ki ki Bhaarat ko apne padosi deshon se koi khatra va asuraksha ki bhaavana naheen hai. isi kaaran 1939 mein dviteeya vishvayuddh mein Congress ne angreji hiton ke liye shaamil hone se mana kar diya tha. 1920 mein chalaae gaye khilaafat aandolan mein bhi Bhaarat ne musalmaanon ka saath diya jo aaj bhi Bhaarat ki arab samarthak videsh neeti ka dyotak hai. Bhaarat ne hamesha hi arab-ijaraail sankat mein arabon ka hi paksh liya hai. isi dauraan Congress ne upaniveshavaad va saamraajyavaad virodhi sammelanon mein Bhaarat ka pratinidhitv kiya aur upaniveshavaad ke shikaar deshon ke saath milkar angrejon ki neetiyon ki ninda ki.

vaishvik manch par Bhaarat

javaaharalaal Nehru ke saath haraman Joseph aibs (1956)

1947 se 1990

gutanirpeksh aandolan

1950 ke dashak mein, Bhaarat ne purajor roop se Africa aur Asia mein Europeeya upaniveshon ki svatantrata ka samarthan kiya aur gut nirpeksh aandolan mein ek agrani ki bhoomika nibhaai.[2]

1990 ke baad

haal ke varshon mein, Bhaarat ne kshetreeya sahayog aur vishv vyaapaar sangathan ke liye ek dakshin Asiaee association mein prabhaavashaali bhoomika nibhaai hai|[3] Bhaarat ne vibhinn bahupaksheeya manchon, sabse khaaskar poorvi Asia ke shikhar baithak aur ji-8 5 mein ek sakriya bhaageedaari nibhaai hai. aarthik kshetr mein Bhaarat ka dakshin America, Asia, aur Africa ke vikaasasheel deshon ke saath ghanishth sambandh hai.[4]

briks

Bhaarat ne Brazil, roos, cheen aur dakshin Africa ke saath milkar briks samooh ki sthaapana ki hai. yeh viksit deshon ke samooh G-8, G-20 ke vishv par prabhaav ko santulit karne ka prayaas hai. briks ke sabhi sadasya vikaasasheel ya nav audyogeekrut desh hain jinki arthavyavastha teji se badh rahi hai. ye raashtra kshetreeya aur vaishvik maamalon par mahatvapoorn prabhaav daalte hain. varsh 2013 tak, paaainchon briks raashtra duniya ke lagbhag 3 arab logon ka pratinidhitv karte hain aur ek anumaan ke anusaar ye raashtra sanyukt videshi mudra bhandaar mein 4 kharab ameriki dollar ka yogadaan karte hain. in raashtron ka sanyukt sakal ghareloo utpaad 15 kharab ameriki dollar ka hai.[5]

sanyukt raashtra mein Bhaarat

vishv shaanti prayaason mein Bhaarat ka yogadaan

Bhaarat ne 100,000 sainya aur police karmiyon ko chaar mahaadveepon bhar mein sanyukt raashtra ke paintees shaanti abhiyaanon mein seva pradaan ki hai.[6]

pratyarpan sandhiyaaain

January 2014 tak Bhaarat 37 deshon ke saath aparaadhi‍ayon ke prat‍aayaarpan ki sandhi‍ kar chuka hai[7], jinki soochi is prakaar hai[8] -

  1. ameri‍aka
  2. bri‍aten
  3. roos
  4. s‍aavi‍atjaralaind
  5. taaji‍aki‍as‍aataan
  6. uj‍aabeki‍as‍aataan
  7. sanyuk‍aat arab ameeraat
  8. Saudi arab
  9. France
  10. Germany
  11. s‍aapen
  12. Hongkong
  13. bhootaan
  14. Nepal
  15. Kuwait
  16. Canada
  17. Australia
  18. bahareen
  19. Bangladesh
  20. Belarus
  21. Belgium
  22. bulgaariya
  23. misr
  24. ripblik of Korea
  25. Malaysia
  26. Mauritius
  27. maiksiko
  28. mangoliya
  29. Netherland
  30. omaan
  31. Poland,
  32. Portugal
  33. dakshin Africa
  34. Turkey
  35. Ukraine
  36. viytanaam

vaishvik vyaapaar evam vitt

bretan vudas, Bessel
vishv vyaapaar sangathan

seemaavarti va niktavarti desh

2014 mein Bhaarat ke nae pradhaanamantri Narendra Modi ne apne shapath grahan samaaroh mein sabhi saark deshon ke raashtraadhyakshon ko aamantrit karke padosiyon ke saath Bhaarat ke rishton mein nai jaan fooaink di. is ghatna ko vruhat "pramukh raajanayik ghatna" ke roop mein bhi dekha gaya.[9][10]

  • cheen ki motiyon ki maala (String of Pearls) neeti

cheen

ven jiyaabaao ke saath Manmohan Singh
Ahmedabad mein Narendra Modi ke saath cheeni raashtrapati shi jinping, 2014

vivaad

  • Tibet va dalaai laama
  • cheen ke saath 1962 ke Bhaarat - cheen yuddh
  • Laddakh-arunaachal seema vivaad va aadhunik samay mein ghuspaith ki ghatanaaeain
  • kashmeeriyon ko stepal veeja ki neeti
  • dakshin cheen saagar mein Bhaarat ki tel companiyon va viytanaam ke saath cheen ka vivaad
  • Pak adhikrut Kashmir se hote hue gvaadar port se shinjiyaang tak sadak ka nirmaan
  • paarasparik vyaapaar mein Bhaarat ka vyaapaar ghaata
  • huaavei va anya kai cheeni companiyon par jaasoosi ka aarop, baalko se bhaarateeya misaail saamagri ki chori

sahayog

  • Bhaarat mein cheeni companiyon ka nivesh,
  • cheeni maal ka aayaat,
  • bulet train ki peshakash,

Pakistan

Bhaarat ke padosi Pakistan ke saath ek tanaav bhara sambandh hai aur donon deshon ke beech chaar baar yuddh hua hai, 1947, 1965, 1971 aur 1999mein. Kashmir vivaad in yuddhon ka pramukh kaaran tha.[11]

afgaanistaan

haamid karaji ke saath Narendra Modi
  • gaaaindhaari, shakuni
  • takshashila
  • kandhaar vimaan apaharan
  • 2014 mein heraat mein bhaarateeya dootaavaas par hamla

Nepal

Bhaarat-Nepal sambandh

bhootaan

Bangladesh

  • teesta jal samjhauta

Sri Lanka aur maaladeev

1980 ke dashak mein Bhaarat do padosi deshon ke nimantran par, sena ke dvaara sankshipt sainya hastakshep kiya, ek Sri Lanka me aur dusara maaladeev mein.

roos

cheen ke saath 1962 ke Bhaarat - cheen yuddh aur Pakistan ke saath 1965 ke yuddh ke baad Bhaarat aur soviyt sangh ke saath sainya sambandhon me॑ kaafi badotari hui. 1960 ke dashak ke ant mein, soviyt sangh Bhaarat ka sabse bada hathiyaar aapoortikrta ke roop mein ubhari thi.[12]

raajaneetik evam kootaneetik sambandh

aarthik sambandh

saamarik

Admiral gorshkov sukhoi brahmos

saaainskrutik

uttari America

Bush Vajpayee Oval Office
Officials of India welcome Jimmy Carter and Rosalynn Carter during an arrival ceremony in New Delhi, India
President Nixon meeting with Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in India - NARA - 194651

raajaneetik evam kootaneetik sambandh

aarthik sambandh

aaj vaishvik

saamarik

saaainskrutik

dakshin America

Vicente Fox, Mexican president (left) and Manmohan Singh, prime minister of India.

raajaneetik evam kootaneetik sambandh

aarthik sambandh

saamarik

saaainskrutik

Europe

raajaneetik evam kootaneetik sambandh

aarthik sambandh

saamarik

saaainskrutik

Africa

raajaneetik evam kootaneetik sambandh

aarthik sambandh

saamarik

saaainskrutik

madhya-poorv

raajaneetik evam kootaneetik sambandh

aarthik sambandh

saamarik

saaainskrutik

shesh Asia-prashaant va Australia

Australia

September 2014 mein Australia ke tatkaaleen pradhaanamantri shri toni ebaut Bhaarat ki yaatra par aae. Bhaarat ke navanirvaachit pradhaanamantri Narendra Modi ki sarkaar mein kisi bhi videshi raashtraadhyaksh ki yeh pratham raajakeeya yaatra thi. is yaatra mein donon deshon ke beech asainya naabhikeeya urja sahayog samjhauta hua jiske tahat Australia Bhaarat ko Uranium niryaat karega.[17][18] is dauraan ek mahatvapoorn vyaktavya mein unhonne kaha ki Narendra Modi ko 2002 ke dangon ke liye Gujarat ke mukhyamantri ke taur par jimmedaar naheen thaharaana chaahiye.[19]

Bhaarat-Japan sambandh

bhaarateeya pradhaanamantri Narendra Modi va Japan ke pradhaanamantri shinjo abe ki chai par charcha, September 2014

Bhaarat aur Japan ke sambandh hamesha se kaafi majaboot aur sthir rahe hain. Japan ki sanskruti par Bhaarat mein janme bauddh dharm ka spasht prabhaav dekha ja sakta hai. Bhaarat ke svatantrata sangharsh ke dauraan bhi Japan ki shaahi sena ne subhaash chandra Bose ki aajaad hind fauj ko sahaayata pradaan ki thi. Bhaarat ki svatantrata ke baad se bhi ab tak donon deshon ke beech madhur sambandh rahe hain. Japan ki kai kampaniyaaain jaise ki soni, toyota aur honda ne apni utpaadan ikaaiyaaain Bhaarat mein sthaapit ki hain aur Bhaarat ki aarthik vikaas mein yogadaan diya hai. is kram mein sabse abhootapoorv yogadaan hai vahaaain ki motor vaahan nirmaata company sujuki ka jo Bhaarat ki company Maruti Suzuki ke saath milkaar utpaadan karti hai aur Bhaarat ki sabse badi motor car nirmaata company hai. honda kuchh hi dinon pehle tak hero honda (ab hero Motocorp) ke roop mein hero company ke paartanar ke roop mein kaarya karti rahi hai jo tab duniya ki sabse badi motorcycle vikreta company thi.

Japani pradhaanamantri shinjo abe ke aark of freedom siddhaant ke anusaar yeh Japan ke hit mein hai ki vah Bhaarat ke saath madhur sambandh rakhe khaasataur se uske cheen ke saath tanaav poorn rishton ke pariprekshya mein dekha jaaya to. iske liye Japan ne Bhaarat mein avasanrachana vikaas ke kai project ka vitteeyan kiya hai aur inmein takaneeki sahaayata upalabdh karaayi hai. inmein sabse mahatvapoorn roop se ullekhaneeya hai Delhi metro rel ka nirmaan.

Bhaarat ki or se bhi cheen ke saath rishton aur vaishvik pariprekshya mein Japan ko kaafi mahatva diya gaya hai. Manmohan Singh ki sarkaar ki poorv ki or dekho neeti ne Bhaarat ko Japan ke saath madhur aur pehle se behtar sambandh banaane ki or prerit kiya hai. December 2006 mein bhaarateeya pradhaanamantri ki Japan yaatra ke duraan hastaaksharit Bhaarat-Japan saamarik evam vaishvik paartanaraship samjhauta iska jvalant udahaaran hai. raksha ke kshetr mein donon deshon ke beech 2007 se lagaataar sahayog majaboot hue hain[20] aur donon ki raksha ikaaiyon aur senaaon ne kai sanyukt raksha abhyaas kiye hain. October 2008 mein Japan ne ek samjhaute par hastaakshar kiye jiske tahat vah Bhaarat ko kam byaaj daron par 450 arab ameriki dollar ki dhanaraashi Delhi-mumbai haaispeed rel galiyaare ke vikaas hetu dega. vishv mein yeh Japan dvaara ikalauta aisa udaaharan hai jo Bhaarat ke saath iske majaboot aarthik rishton ko darshaata hai.

Japan ke pradhaanamantri shinjo aabe ne January 2014 mein Bhaarat ki sapatneek yaatra ki jiske dauraan ve is varsh ganatantr diwas samaaroh mein mukhya atithi ke roop mein bulaae gaye the. iske baad Manmohan Singh ji ke saath hui shikhar baithak donon pradhaanamantriyon ke beech 2006 ki shuruaat ke baad aathaveen shikhar baithak thi.[21] is baithak mein Japan ne Bhaarat ko vibhinn pariyojanaaon ke liye 200 arab yen (lagbhag 122 arab rupaye) ka rin dene ki peshakash ki aur haai speed rel, raksha, medical keyar, aushadhi nirmaan aur krushi tatha taapeeya oorja ke kshetr mein sahayog ki bhi peshakash ki. Bhaarat Japan Sri Lanka ke poorvi bhaag mein trinkomaali mein taapeeya vidyut sanyatr nirmaan mein bhi bhaageedaari karne vaale hain. isse pehle November-December 2013 mein Japani samraat aakihito aur mahaaraani michiko ne Bhaarat ki yaatra sampann ki thi. protokaal ke vipreet samraat ko havaaiadde par lene swayam pradhaanamantri Manmohan Singh gaye the jo Bhaarat Japan rishton ki pragaadhta darshaata hai.

vartamaan samay mein Bhaarat Japan dwipaksheeya vyaapar lagbhag 14 arab dollar ka hai jise badha ka 25 arab dollar karne ka lakshya rakha gaya hai. saath hi Japan ka Bhaarat mein lagbhag 15 arab dollar ka pratyaksh videshi nivesh bhi hai.[22]

raajaneetik evam kootaneetik sambandh

aarthik sambandh

saamarik

saaainskrutik


inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain

sandarbh

  1. "Indian economic growth rate eases [Bhaarat ki aarthik vikaas dar santoshaparak]" (angreji mein). BBC news. 30 November 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/7120343.stm. abhigman tithi: 24 June 2014.
  2. "The Non-Aligned Movement: Description and History", nam.gov.za (The Non-Aligned Movement), 21 September 2001, http://www.nam.gov.za/background/history.htm, abhigman tithi: 23 August 2007
  3. (PDF) India's negotiation positions at the WTO, November 2005, http://library.fes.de/pdf-files/bueros/genf/50205.pdf, abhigman tithi: 23 August 2010
  4. Analysts Say India'S Power Aided Entry Into East Asia Summit. | Goliath Business News, Goliath.ecnext.com, 29 July 2005, http://goliath.ecnext.com/coms2/gi_0199-4519133/ANALYSTS-SAY-INDIA-S-POWER.html, abhigman tithi: 21 November 2009
  5. "Amid BRICS' rise and 'Arab Spring', a new global order forms". Christian Science Monitor. 18 October 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
  6. http://www.un.int/india/india_and_the_un_pkeeping.html
  7. "Bhaarat ki 37 deshon ke saath prat‍aayaarpan sandhi‍ hai". patra soochana kaaryaalaya, Bhaarat sarkaar. 12 fravari 2014. http://pib.nic.in/newsite/hindirelease.aspx?relid=26806. abhigman tithi: 13 fravari 2014.
  8. "ndia has Extradition Treaties in operation with 37 countries". patra soochana kaaryaalaya, Bhaarat sarkaar. 12 fravari 2014. http://pib.nic.in/newsite/erelease.aspx?relid=103604. abhigman tithi: 13 fravari 2014.
  9. "From potol dorma to Jaya no-show: The definitive guide to Modi's swearing in" (angreji mein). farstapost. 26 May 2014. http://www.firstpost.com/politics/from-potol-dorma-to-jaya-no-show-the-definitive-guide-to-modis-swearing-in-1542185.html. abhigman tithi: 26 May 2014.
  10. uppuluri, Krishna (25 May 2014). "Narendra Modi's swearing in offers a new lease of life to SAARC" (angreji mein). nai Delhi: DNA indiya. http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-narendra-modi-s-swearing-in-offers-a-new-lease-of-life-to-saarc-1991170. abhigman tithi: 26 May 2014.
  11. Gilbert, Martin (17 December 2002), A History of the Twentieth Century: The Concise Edition of the Acclaimed World History, HarperCollins, pa॰ 486–487, aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 9780060505943, http://books.google.com/books?id=jhwY1j8Ao3kC&pg=PA486, abhigman tithi: 22 July 2011
  12. http://library.fes.de/pdf-files/bueros/genf/50205.pdf
  13. http://hindi.economictimes.indiatimes.com/world/america/indicted-but-immune-devyani-khobragade-leaves-for-india/articleshow/28631530.cms
  14. http://hindi.economictimes.indiatimes.com/india/national-india/no-business-as-usual-till-devyani-khobragade-issue-resolved-india/articleshow/28491550.cms
  15. http://hindi.economictimes.indiatimes.com/india/national-india/india-asks-us-embassy-here-to-withdraw-an-officer-of-a-rank-similar-to-that-of-devyani-khobragade/articleshow/28640728.cms
  16. http://navbharattimes.indiatimes.com/india/national-india/us-envoy-nancy-powell-meets-gujarat-chief-minister/articleshow/30326660.cms
  17. "Australia ke pradhaan mantri ki Bhaarat yaatra". patra soochana kaaryaalaya, Bhaarat sarkaar. 5 September 2014. http://pib.nic.in/newsite/hindirelease.aspx?relid=30139. abhigman tithi: 6 September 2014.
  18. "Australia se nyookliyr deal par ban gayi baat". navabhaarat taaims. 5 September 2014. http://hindi.economictimes.indiatimes.com/india/national-india/India-and-Australia-seal-nuclear-deal-Abbott-meets-Modi/articleshow/41783881.cms. abhigman tithi: 6 September 2014.
  19. "dangon ke liye Modi jimmedaar naheen: Australiaee PM". navabhaarat taaims. 5 September 2014. http://hindi.economictimes.indiatimes.com/india/national-india/narendra-modi-shouldnt-be-blamed-for-2002-gujarat-riots-australian-pm-tony-abbott/articleshow/41813710.cms. abhigman tithi: 6 September 2014.
  20. Bhaarat Japan ka samudri sahayog radio daayech vile (jarman radio prasaaran seva).
  21. aarchis mohan - pradhaan mantri shri shinjo abe ki yaatra : Bhaarat - Japan sambandhon ki paraakaash‍aatha videsh mantraalaya, Bhaarat sarkaar
  22. Bhaarat-Japan vyaapaar 2014 tak 25 arab dollar - Indo Asian News Service, Last Updated: December 29, 2011