Bhaarat ke raajya tatha kendra-shaasit pradesh

India-states

Bhaarat raajyon ka ek sangh hai.[1] ismein untees raajya aur saat kendra shaasit pradesh hain. ye raajya aur kendra shaasit pradesh pun: jilon aur anya kshetron mein baante gaye hain.[1].

anukram

Bhaarat ke raajya aur pradesh

raajya

naksha naam aaiesao 3166-2 code[2][3] gathan ki tithi janasankhya kshetr
(km2)
aadhikaarik
bhaasha(A)
rajdhani sabse bada nagar
(agar rajdhani naheen)
janasankhya ghanatv saaksharata dar (%) % kul aabaadi nagar mein hai.
1 Andhra pradesh AP 1 November 1956 49,386,799 1,60,205 telugu Hyderabad (asthaayi) vishaakhaapattanam 308 67.41%[4] 29.6
2 arunaachal pradesh AR 20 fravari 1987 1,382,611 83,743 angreji itaanagar 17 66.95 20.8
3 asam AS 15 August 1947 31,169,272 78,550 asamiya; kshetreeya: bodo, baangla dispur Guwahati 397 73.18 12.9
4 Bihar BR 1 April 1912 103,804,637 99,200 hindi, Bhojpuri, magahi, maithili, urdoo Patna 1,102 63.82 10.5
5 Chhattisgarh CT 1 November 2000 25,540,196 1,35,194 chhatteesagadhi, hindi Raipur[5] 189 71.04 20.1
6 Goa GA 30 May 1987 1,457,723 3,702 konkani panaji 394 87.40 62.2
7 Gujarat GJ 1 May 1960 60,383,628 1,96,024 gujaraati gaaaindheenagar Ahmedabad 308 79.31 37.4
8 Haryana HR 1 November 1966 25,353,081 44,212 hindi, hariyaanvi (kshetreeya), punjabi Chandigarh
(saajha)
Faridabad 573 76.64 28.9
9 Himachal pradesh HP 25 January 1971 6,856,509 55,673 hindi, pahaadi (kshetreeya) Shimla 123 83.78 9.8
10 Jammu aur Kashmir JK 26 October 1947 12,548,926 2,22,236 dogari, Kashmiri, laddaakhi, urdoo[6] shreenagar (greeshm)
Jammu (sheet)
124 68.74 24.8
11 jhaarakhand JH 15 November 2000 32,966,238 74,677 hindi raaainchi Jamshedpur 414 67.63 22.2
12 karnaatak KA 1 November 1956 61,130,704 1,91,791 kannad bangalaur 319 75.60 34.0
13 Kerala KL 1 November 1956 33,387,677 38,863 malayalam tiruvanantapuram 859 93.91 26.0
14 madhya pradesh MP 1 November 1956 72,597,565 3,08,252 hindi Bhopal indaur 236 70.63 26.5
15 Maharashtra MH 1 May 1960 112,372,972 3,07,713 maraathi mumbai 365 82.91 42.4
16 manipur MN 21 January 1972 2,721,756 22,347 manipuri imfaal 122 79.85 25.1
17 meghaalaya ML 21 January 1972 2,964,007 22,720 angreji, gaaro, hindi, khaasi, pnar, Shillong 132 75.48 19.6
18 mijoram MZ 20 fravari 1987 1,091,014 21,081 mijo aaijol 52 91.58 49.6
19 naagaalaind NL 1 December 1963 1,980,602 16,579 angreji kohima deemaapur 119 80.11 17.2
20 Orissa[7] OR 1 April 1936 41,947,358 1,55,820 odiya bhuvaneshvar 269 73.45 15.0
21 Punjab PB 1 November 1966 27,704,236 50,362 punjabi Chandigarh
(saajha)
ludhiyaana 550 76.68 33.9
22 Rajasthan RJ 1 November 1956 68,621,012 3,42,269 hindi, raajasthaani Jaipur 201 67.06 23.4
23 sikkim SK 16 May 1975 607,688 7,096 nepaali, bhootiya, gurung, lepcha, linboo, magar, nevaari, sherpa, sunavar, taamaaङ gaantok 86 82.20 11.1
24 Tamil Nadu TN 26 January 1950 72,138,958 1,30,058 tamil chennai 480 80.33 44.0
25 telangaana TG 2 June 2014 35,193,978 [8] 1,14,840 telugu, urdoo Hyderabad 307 [8] N/A N/A
26 tripura TR 21 January 1972 3,671,032 10,492 baangla, tripuri Agartala 350 87.75 17.1
27 uttar pradesh UP 26 January 1950 199,581,477 2,43,286 hindi, urdoo[9] Lucknow Kanpur 828 69.72 20.8
28 uttaraakhand UT 9 November 2000 10,116,752 53,566 hindi, sanskrut deharaadoon (antarim, sthaai rajdhani ka vishay vivaadit hai)[10] 189 79.63 25.7
29 pashchim Bengal WB 1 November 1956 91,347,736 88,752 baangla, angreji, nepaali[11] Kolkata 1,029 77.08 28.0

kendra shaasit pradesh

naksha naam aaiesao 3166-2 code[2][3] janasankhya aadhikaarik
bhaasha(A)
rajdhani janasankhya ghanatv saaksharata dar (%) % kul aabaadi nagar mein hai.
k andamaan aur nikobaar dveepasamooh AN 379,944 angreji, hindi port bleyar 46 86.27 32.6
kh Chandigarh CH 1,054,686 angreji, hindi, punjabi Chandigarh 9,252 86.43 89.8
g daadara aur nagar haveli DN 342,853 angreji, gujaraati, hindi, maraathi silvaas 698 77.65 22.9
gh daman aur deev DD 242,911 angreji, gujaraati, hindi, maraathi daman 2169 87.07 36.2
lakshadveep LD 64,429 angreji, malayalam kavaratti 2013 92.28 44.5
ch raashtreeya rajdhani kshetr Delhi DL 11,007,835 angreji, hindi, punjabi, urdoo nai Delhi 11,297 86.34 93.2
chh puduchcheri PY 1,244,464 fraanseesi and tamil paundicheri 2,598 86.55 66.6
हिन्द महासागर बंगाल की खाड़ी अंडमान सागर अरब सागर लक्षद्वीप सागर सियाचीन अण्डमान और निकोबार द्वीपसमूह चण्डीगढ़ दादरा और नगर हवेली दमन और दीव दिल्ली लक्षद्वीप पुदुच्चेरी पुदुच्चेरी पुदुच्चेरी आंध्र प्रदेश अरुणाचल प्रदेश असम बिहार छत्तीसगढ़ गोवा गुजरात हरियाणा हिमाचल प्रदेश जम्मू और कश्मीर झारखण्ड कर्णाटक केरल मध्य प्रदेश महाराष्ट्र मणिपुर मेघालय मेघालय नागालैण्ड ओड़िशा पंजाब राजस्थान सिक्किम तमिलनाडु त्रिपुरा उत्तर प्रदेश उत्तराखण्ड पश्चिम बंगाल अफ़्गानिस्तान बांग्लादेश भूटान म्यान्मार चीन नेपाल पाकिस्तान श्रीलंका ताजिकिस्तान दादरा और नगर हवेली दमन और दीव पुदुच्चेरी पुदुच्चेरी पुदुच्चेरी पुदुच्चेरी आंध्र प्रदेश तेलंगाना गोवा गुजरात जम्मू और कश्मीर कर्णाटक केरल मध्य प्रदेश महाराष्ट्र राजस्थान तमिलनाडु असम मेघालय अरुणाचल प्रदेश नागालैण्ड मणिपुर मिज़ोरम त्रिपुरा पश्चिम बंगाल सिक्किम भूटान बांग्लादेश बिहार झारखण्ड ओड़िशा छत्तीसगढ़ उत्तर प्रदेश उत्तराखण्ड नेपाल दिल्ली हरियाणा पंजाब हिमाचल प्रदेश चण्डीगढ़ Pakistan श्रीलंका श्रीलंका श्रीलंका श्रीलंका श्रीलंका श्रीलंका श्रीलंका श्रीलंका श्रीलंका
Bhaarat ke 29 raajyon aur 7 kendra shaasit pradeshon ke ek klik karne yogya naksha

raajya:

  1. Andhra pradesh
  2. arunaachal pradesh
  3. asam
  4. Bihar
  5. Chhattisgarh
  6. Goa
  7. Gujarat
  1. Haryana
  2. Himachal pradesh
  3. Jammu aur Kashmir
  4. jhaarakhand
  5. karnaatak
  6. Kerala
  7. madhya pradesh
  1. Maharashtra
  2. manipur
  3. meghaalaya
  4. mijoram
  5. naagaalaind
  6. Orissa
  7. Punjab
  1. Rajasthan
  2. sikkim
  3. Tamil Nadu
  4. telangaana
  5. tripura
  6. uttar pradesh
  7. uttaraakhand
  8. pashchim Bengal

kendra shaasit pradesh:

  1. andamaan aur nikobaar dveepasamooh
  2. Chandigarh
  3. daadara aur nagar haveli
  4. daman aur deev
  5. lakshadveep
  6. raashtreeya rajdhani kshetr Delhi
  7. puduchcheri

Jammu aur Kashmir ke kuchh kshetr Bhaarat, Pakistan aur cheen dvaara vivaadit samajhe jaate hain. isse pehle harek desh ne apne aap ko Kashmir ka ek ang bataate hue us par raajya karne ka daava bhi kiya hai. arunaachal pradesh ke kuchh bhaag ko dakshin Tibet bata kar cheen dvaara usapar daava kiya gaya hai.' Bhaarat sarkaar ki taraf se haal hi mein saal 2014 mein Loksabha chunaav se pehle desh ke 29vein raajya ke taur par tilaangaana ko manjoori pradaan ki hai isse pehle yeh aaandhrapradesh ka hissa hota tha. telangaana ke raajya mein ek kshetr hai Andhra pradesh . bhaarateeya svatantrata se pehle, yeh ka hissa tha Hyderabad raajya ka shaasan tha jo (medak aur Warangal prabhaagon) nijaam . 2 June 2014 ko telangaana ke 29 vein raajya ke roop mein astitv mein aa chuka hai Bhaarat ganaraajya Andhra pradesh ke poorv raajya ke das uttar pashchimi jilon se baahar khudi bhaagon se milkar. [3] ke shahar Hyderabad roop mein kaam karega sanyukt telangaana ki rajdhani hai aur das saal ke liye Andhra pradesh ke shesh. [4] kshetr ke raajyon dvaara bordered hai Maharashtra mein uttar aur uttar pashchim, ko Karnataka, pashchim mein Chhattisgarh uttar poorv ke liye aur Orissa poorv tak . telangaana kshetr 114,840 varg kilometer (44,340 varg meal) ke ek kshetr hai aur Andhra pradesh ki janasankhya ka 41.6% thi jo 35,286,757 ki aabaadi (2011 ki janaganana) hai.

1956 se poorv

Bhaarat

ke raajya aur sangh kshetr

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is sandook ko: dekhein samvaad

Bhaarat ke itihaas mein bhaarateeya upamahaadveep par vibhinn jaateeya samoohon ne shaasan kiya aur ise alag-alag prashaasan-sanbandhi bhaagon mein vibhaajit kiya. aadhunik Bhaarat ke vartamaan prashaasanik prabhaag nae ghatnaakram hain, jo british aupaniveshik kaal ke dauraan viksit hue. british Bhaarat mein, vartamaan Bhaarat, Pakistan aur bangalaadesh, saath hi afgaanistaan praant aur usase jude sanrakshit praant, baad mein upanivesh bana, barma (myaanmaar) aadi, sabhi raajya samaahit the. is avadhi ke dauraan, Bhaarat ke kshetron mein ya to britishon ka shaasan tha ya un par sthaaneeya raajaaon ka niyantran tha. 1947 mein svatantrata ke baad in vibhaagon ko sanrakshit kiya gaya aur Punjab tatha Bengal ke praanton ko Bhaarat aur Pakistan ke beech vibhaajit kiya gaya. nae raashtra ke liye pehli chunauti thi raajasi raajyon ka sanghon mein vilay.

svatantrata ke baad, haalaanki, Bhaarat mein asthirta aa gayi. kai praant aupaniveshikran ke uddeshya se britishon dvaara banaae gaye, par in par bhaarateeya naagrikon ki ya raajasi raajyon ki koi ichha dikhaai naheen di. 1956 mein jaateeya tanaav ne sansad ka darvaaja khatkhataaya aur raajya punargathan adhiniyam ke aadhaar par desh ko jaateeya aur bhaashaai aadhaar par punarnirmaan karne ke liye adhiniyam laaya gaya.

1956 ke baad

Bhaarat mein jis prakaar poorv mein fraanseesi aur purtagaali upaniveshon ko ganaraajya mein samaahit kiya gaya tha, vaise hi 1962 mein paandicheri, daadara, nagar haveli, goaa, daman aur diyoo ko sangh raajya banaaya gaya.

1956 ke baad kai nae raajyon aur sangh raajyon ko banaaya gaya. Mumbai punargathan adhiniyam ke dvaara 1 May, 1960 ko bhaashaai aadhaar par Mumbai raajya ko Gujarat aur Maharashtra ke roop mein alag kiya gaya. 1966 ke Punjab punargathan adhiniyam ne bhaashaai aur dhaarmik paimaane par Punjab (Bhaarat) ko Haryana ke nae hindu bahul aur hindi bhaashi raajyon mein baaainta aur Punjab ke uttari jilon ko Himachal pradesh mein sthaanaantarit kar diya gaya aur ek jile ko Chandigarh ka naam diya jo Punjab aur Haryana ki saajha rajdhani hai. naagaalaind 1962 mein, meghaalaya aur Himachal pradesh 1971 mein, tripura aur manipur 1972 mein raajya banaae gaye. 1972 mein arunaachal pradesh ko ek kendra shaasit pradesh bana diya gaya. sikkim raajya 1975 mein ek raajya ke roop mein bhaarateeya sangh mein sammilit ho gaya. 1986 mein mijoram aur 1987 mein goaa aur arunaachal pradesh raajya bane jabki goaa ke uttari bhaag daman aur deeyu ek alag sangh raajya ban gaye. 2000 mein teen nae raajya banaae gaye. poorvi madhya pradesh se Chhattisgarh (1 November, 2000) mein aur uttaraanchal (9 November, 2000) banaae gaye jo ab uttaraakhand hai. uttar pradesh ke pahaadi kshetron ke kaaran jhaarakhand (15 November 2000) ko Bihar ke dakshini jilon mein se pruthak kar banaaya gaya. do kendra shaasit pradeshon Delhi aur paandicheri (jo baad mein puducheri kaha gaya) ko vidhaanasabha sadasyon ka adhikaar diya gaya aur ab ve chhote raajyon ke roop mein gine jaate hain.

raajakeeya prateek

raaj‍aaya raajakeeyapush‍aap raajakeeyapashu raajakeeyapakshi raajakeeya vruksh
arunaachal pradesh fauk‍aas telaorkid mithun(gaayal) haurnabil haulaun‍aag
asam fauk‍aas telaorkid gain‍aada sh‍aavetapankhi vud dak haulaun‍aag
aan‍aadhr pradesh vautar lili b‍aalaik bak neelakanth (indiyn rolar) neem
ut‍aatar pradesh palaash baarahasinga saaras ashok
ut‍aataraakhan‍aad brahm kamal himaalayanakas‍aatoori mrug himaalayanamonal burauns
Orissa ashok saanbhar hirn neelakanth (indiyn rolar) ash‍aavat‍aath
Kerala amalataas (gol‍aadan shaavar) haathi haurnabil naariyl
Gujarat galagota (maireegol‍aad) gir Singh hansaavar (greater flemin‍aago) aam
goaa koi naheen gaur bulabul asana/mat‍aati (indiynalaurel)
chhat‍aateesagadh koi naheen jangaleebhainsa pahaadeemaina saal
jam‍aamoo aur kash‍aameer rododen‍aadron hangul (kash‍aameeri hirn ) ves‍aatarnatraigopain himaalayanaakharot
Jharkhand palaash haathi koyal saal
Tamil Nadu g‍aaloriyosaalili neelagiritaahar faakh‍aata (emaraal‍aad dav) taad
telangaana palaash gaur neelakanth (indiyn rolar) mahuaa
tripura naagesar fair langoor hara shaaheekabootar agar
naagaalain‍aad rododen‍aadron mithun(gaur) blithtraigopain ail‍aadar
Punjab koi naheen b‍aalaik bak baaj sheesham (indiyn rojavud)
pashchim Bengal paarijaat (shefaali) dariyaaibil‍aali Kingfisher (raamachiraiya) el‍aasatoniya (devil tri)
Bihar paut mairi gol‍aad (gen‍aada) gaur gauraiya peepal
manipur sirauya lili sangaai hyoom‍aas baar-tel‍aad feejain‍aat indiynamahogani
madh‍aayapradesh palaash baarahasinga doodharaaj (flaaikaichar) bargad
mahaaraash‍aatr lejaras‍aatreemiya (tamhini/jarul) gilhari hara kabootar aam
mijoram daansingagarl orkid huk‍aakooban‍aadar hyoom‍aas baar-tel‍aad feejain‍aat naahar(harse)
meghaalaya ledeejaslipr orkid dhoomil ten‍aaduaa (k‍aalaauded liyopaard) pahaadeemaina safed saagaun (hvaait teek)
raajas‍aathaan rohira ooaint gretaindiyn bas‍aatard khejari
sikkim nobalaorkid laalapaan‍aada b‍aaladafeejen‍aat rododen‍aadron
Haryana kamal b‍aalaik bak kaala teetar peepal
Himachal pradesh rododen‍aadron barfeelaaten‍aaduaa ves‍aatarnatraigopain (jujuraana) devadaar
Karnataka kamal haathi neelakanth (indiyn rolar) chan‍aadan

yeh bhi dekhein

sandarbh

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  8. a aa "Population of Telangana" (pdf). Telangana government portal. p. 34. http://www.telangana.gov.in/Telangana%20Statistical%20Abstract%20May%202014/2%20Demography.pdf. abhigman tithi: 11 June 2014.
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