Bhaarat chhodo aandolan

bangaluroo ke basavaanagudi mein deenabandhu si ef androoj ka bhaashan

Bhaarat chhodo aandolan vishvavikhyaat kaakori kaand ke theek satrah saal baad bhaarateeya svatantrata sangraam ke dauraan 9 August san 1942 ko Gandhiji ke aahvaan par samooche desh mein ek saath aarambh hua. yeh Bhaarat ko turant aajaad karne ke liye angreji shaasan ke viruddh ek savinya avajnyaa aandolan tha. krips mission ki viflata ke baad mahaatma gaaaindhi ne british shaasan ke khilaaf apna teesara bada aandolan chhedne ka faisala liya. 8 August 1942 ki shaam ko Mumbai mein akhil bhaarateeya kaaainges committee ke Mumbai satr mein 'angrejon Bhaarat chhodo' ka naam diya gaya tha. haalaanki gaaaindhi ji ko fauran girftaar kar liya gaya tha lekin desh bhar ke yuva kaaryakarta hadtaalon aur todfod ki kaarravaaiyon ke jariye aandolan chalaate rahe. Congress mein jayaprakaash Narayan jaise samaajavaadi sadasya bhoomigat pratirodhi gatividhiyon mein sabse jyaada sakriya the. pashchim mein sataara aur poorv mein medineepur jaise kai jilon mein svatantr sarkaar, pratisrakaar ki sthaapana kar di gayi thi. angrejon ne aandolan ke prati kaafi sakht ravaiya apnaaya fir bhi is vidroh ko dabaane mein sarkaar ko saal bhar se jyaada samay lag gaya.

anukram

itihaas

"maro naheen, maaro!" ka naara 1942 mein laalabahaadur shaastri ne diya jisne kraanti ki daavaanal ko poore desh mein prachand kiya.

doosare vishv yuddh mein inglaind ko buri tarah ulajhata dekh jaise hi netaaji ne aajaad hind fauj ko "Delhi chalo" ka naara diya, gaandhi ji ne mauke ki najaakat ko bhaaainpate hue 8 August 1942 ki raat mein hi Mumbai se aaingrejon ko "Bhaarat chhodo" va bhaarateeyon ko "karo ya maro" ka aadesh jaari kiya aur sarkaari suraksha mein yaravada Pune sthit aaga Khan pailes mein chale gaye. 9 August 1942 ke din is aandolan ko laalabahaadur shaastri sareekhe ek chhote se vyakti ne prachand roop de diya. 19 August,1942 ko shaastri ji giraftaar ho gaye. 9 August 1925 ko british sarkaar ka takhta palatane ke uddeshya se 'bismil' ke netrutv mein Hindustan prajaatantr sangh ke das jujhaaroo kaaryakartaaon ne kaakori kaand kiya tha jiski yaadagaar taaja rakhane ke liye poore desh mein prativrsh 9 August ko "kaakori kaand smruti-diwas" manaane ki parampara bhagat Singh ne praarambh kar di thi aur is din bahut badi sankhya mein naujavaan ekatr hote the. gaandhi ji ne ek sochi-samajhi rananeeti ke tahat 9 August 1942 ka din chuna tha.

9 August 1942 ko din nikalne se pehle hi kaaaingres varking committee ke sabhi sadasya giraftaar ho chuke the aur kaaaingres ko gairkaanooni sanstha ghoshit kar diya gaya. gaandhi ji ke saath Bhaarat kokila sarojini Naidu ko yaravada Pune ke aaga Khan pailes mein, dau॰ Rajendra prasaad ko Patna jail va anya sabhi sadasyon ko ahamadanagar ke kile mein najaraband kiya gaya tha. sarkaari aaainkadon ke anusaar is janaandolan mein 940 log maare gaye, 1630 ghaayal hue,18000 dee0 aai0 aara0 mein najaraband hue tatha 60229 giraftaar hue. aandolan ko kuchalane ke ye aaainkade Delhi ki sentral assembly mein onarebul hom membar ne pesh kiye the.

mool siddhaant

Bhaarat chhodo aandolan sahi maayane mein ek janaandolan tha jismein laakhon aam hindustaani shaamil the. is aandolan ne yuvaaon ko badi sankhya mein apni or aakarshit kiya. unhonne apne college chhodkar jail ka raasta apnaaya. jis dauraan Congress ke neta jevl mein the usi samay jinna tatha muslim league ke unke saathi apna prabhaav kshetr failaane mein lage the. inheen saalon mein league ko Punjab aur sindh mein apni pehchaan banaane ka mauka mila jahaaain abhi tak usaka koi khaas vajood naheen tha.

June 1944 mein jab vishv yuddh samaapti ki or tha to gaaaindhi ji ko riha kar diya gaya. jail se nikalne ke baad unhonne Congress aur league ke beech faasale ko paatane ke liye jinna ke saath kai baar baat ki. 1945 mein Britain mein lebar party ki sarkaar bani. yeh sarkaar bhaarateeya svatantrata ke paksh mein thi. usi samay vaayasaraaya Lord vaavel ne Congress aur muslim league ke pratinidhiyon ke beech kai baithakon ka aayojan kiya.

janta ka mat

1946 ki shuruaat mein praanteeya vidhaan mandalon ke liye nae sire se chunaav karaae gaye. saamaanya shreni mein Congress ko bhaari saflata mili. musalmaanon ke liye aarakshit seaton par muslim league ko bhaari bahumat praapt hua. raajaneetik dhruveekaran poora ho chuka tha. 1946 ki garmiyon mein cabinet mission Bhaarat aaya. is mission ne Congress aur muslim league ko ek aisi sangheeya vyavastha par raaji karne ka prayaas kiya jismein Bhaarat ke bheetar vibhinn praanton ko seemit svaayattata di ja sakti thi. cabinet mission ka yeh prayaas bhi vifl raha. vaarta toot jaane ke baad jinna ne Pakistan ki sthaapana ke liye league ki maaaing ke samarthan mein ek pratyaksh kaaryavaahi diwas ka aah‌aavaan kiya. iske liye 16 August 1946 ka din tay kiya gaya tha. usi din Calcutta mein khooni sangharsh shuroo ho gaya. yeh hinsa Calcutta se shuroo hokar graameen Bengal, Bihar aur sanyukt praant va Punjab tak fail gayi. kuchh sthaanon par musalmaanon ko to kuchh anya sthaanon par hinduon ko nishaana banaaya gaya.

vibhaajan ki neenv

fravari 1947 mein vaavel ki jagah Lord maauntabetan ko vaayasaraaya niyukt kiya gaya. unhonne vaartaaon ke ek antim daur ka aah‌aavaan kiya. jab sulah ke liye unka yeh prayaas bhi vifl ho gaya to unhonne ailaan kar diya ki british Bhaarat ko svatantrata de di jaaegi lekin usaka vibhaajan bhi hoga. aupachaarik satta hastaantaran ke liye 15 August ka din niyat kiya gaya. us din Bhaarat ke vibhinn bhaagon mein logon ne jamkar khushiyaaain manaayeen. Delhi mein jab samvidhaan sabha ke adhyaksh ne mohanadaas karamachand gaaaindhi ko raashtrapita ki upaadhi dete hue samvidhaan sabha ki baithak shuroo ki to bahut der tak karatal dhvani hoti rahi. assembly ke baahar bheed mahaatma gaaaindhi ki jaya ke naare laga rahi thi.

svatantrata praapti

15 August 1947 ko rajdhani mein ho rahe utsavon mein mahaatma gaaaindhi naheen the. us samay ve Calcutta mein the lekin unhonne vahaaain bhi na to kisi kaaryakram mein hissa liya, na hi kaheen jhanda fharaaya. gaaaindhi ji us din 24 ghante ke upavaas par the. unhonne itne din tak jis svatantrata ke liye sangharsh kiya tha vah ek akalpaneeya keemat par unhein mili thi. unka raashtra vibhaajit tha hindu-musalmaan ek-doosare ki gardan par savaar the. unke jeevani lekhak di-ji- Tendulkar ne likha hai ki September aur October ke dauraan gaaaindhi ji peediton ko saantvana dete hue aspataalon aur sharanaarthi shiviron ke chakkar laga rahe the. unhonne sikhon, hinduon aur musalmaanon se aah‌aavaan kiya ki ve ateet ko bhula kar apni peeda par dhyaan dene ki bajaay ek-doosare ke prati bhaaichaare ka haath badhaane tatha shaanti se rahane ka sankalp lein.

dharm nirpekshata

gaaaindhi ji aur Nehru ke aagrah par Congress ne alpasankhyakon ke adhikaaron par ek prastaav paarit kar diya. Congress ne do raashtra siddhaant ko kabhi sveekaar naheen kiya tha. jab use apni ichha ke viruddh baintavaare par manjoori deni padi to bhi usaka drudh vishvaas tha ki Bhaarat bahut saare dharmon aur bahut saari naslon ka desh hai aur use aise hi banaae rakha jaana chaahiye. Pakistan mein haalaat jo rahein, Bhaarat ek lokataantrik dharmanirpeksh raashtra hoga jahaaain sabhi naagrikon ko poorn adhikaar praapt honge tatha dharm ke aadhaar par bhedabhaav ke bina sabhi ko raajya ki or se sanrakshan ka adhikaar hoga. Congress ne aashvaasan diya ki vah alpasankhyakon ke naagrik adhikaaron ke kisi bhi atikraman ke viruddh har mumkin raksha karegi.

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain