Bhaagalpur

Bhaagalpur
jila
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya Bihar
jila Bhaagalpur
jilaadhikaari- [aadesh titaaramaare]
upaayukt shri aar L chonagathoo
janasankhya
ghanatv
2430331 (2001 tak )
kshetrafal 2569 ki.mee²
aadhikaarik jaalasthal: bhagalpur.bih.nic.in

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 25°a09′aN 87°a01′aE / 25.15°aN 87.02°aE / 25.15; 87.02 Bhaagalpur Bihar praant ka ek shahar hai. ganga ke tat par basa yeh ek atyant praacheen shahar hai. puraanon mein aur mahaabhaarat mein is kshetr ko ang pradesh ka hissa maana gaya hai. Bhaagalpur ke nikat sthit champaanagar mahaan paraakrami shooraveer karn ki rajdhani maani jaati rahi hai. yeh Bihar ke maidaani kshetr ka aakhiri sira aur Jharkhand aur Bihar ke kaimoor ki pahaadi ka milan sthal hai. Bhaagalpur silk ke vyaapaar ke liye vishvavikhyaat raha hai, tasar silk ka utpaadan abhi bhi yahaan ke kai parivaaron ke roji roti ka shrot hai. vartamaan samay mein Bhaagalpur hindu musalmaan dangon aur aparaadh ki vajah se surkhiyon mein raha hai. yahaaain ek havaai adda bhi hai jo abhi chaaloo nahi hai. yahaaain ka niktatam havaai adda gaya aur Patna hai. rel aur sadak maarg se bhi yeh shahar achhi tarah juda hai.

pracheen kaal ke teen pramukh vish‍aavavidyaalayon yatha takshashila, naalan‍aada aur vikramashila mein se ek vish‍aavavidyaalaya Bhaagalpur mein hi tha jise ham vikramashila ke naam se jaante hain. puraanon mein varnit samudra manthan mein prayuk‍aat mathaan arthaat mandaraachal tatha mathaani mein lapetne ke liye jo ras‍aasa prayog kiya gaya tha vah donon hi upakaran yahaaain vidyamaan hain aur aaj inka naam teerthas‍aatha‍aalon ke roop mein hai ye hain baasukeenaath aur mandaar parvat.

pavitr ganga nadi ko jaahnavi ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai. jis s‍aathaan par ganga ko yeh naam diya gaya use ajagaivi naath kaha jaata hai yeh teerth bhi Bhaagalpur mein hi hai.

 prasiddh abhinetri neha sharma Bhaagalpur ki hi hai. 

anukram

itihaas

Bihar ke gauravashaali itihaas mein Bhaagalpur ek nageene ki tarah hai. itihaas mein jhaankein to ham paate hain beete samay mein Bhaagalpur Bhaarat ke das behatareen shaharon mein se ek tha. aaj ka Bhaagalpur sil‍aak nagari ke roop mein j‍aayaada jaana jaata hai. iska itihaas kaafi puraana hai. Bhaagalpur ko (isa poorv 5veen sadi) chanpaavati ke naam se jaana jaata tha. yeh vah kaal tha jab ganga ke maidaani kshetron mein bhaarateeya samraaton ka varchas‍aav badhta ja raha tha. ang 16 mahaajanapadon mein se ek tha jiski rajdhani chanpaavati thi. ang mahaajanapad ko puraane samay mein malini, cham‍aapaapuri, cham‍aapa malini, kala malini aadi aadi ke naam se jaana jaata tha.

atharvaved mein ang mahaajanapad ko apavitr maana jaata hai, jabki karn parv mein ang ko ek aise pradesh ke roop mein jaana jaata tha jahaan pat‍aani aur bach‍aachon ko becha jaata hai. vaheen doosari or mahaabhaarat mein ang (cham‍aapa) ko ek teerthas‍aathal ke roop mein pesh kiya gaya hai. is granth ke anusaar ang raajavansh ka sans‍aathaapak Rajkumar ang the. jabki raamayaan ke anusaar yeh vah s‍aathaan hai jahaan kaamadev ne apne ang ko kaata tha.

mukhya aakarshan

mandaar pahaadi

yeh pahaadi Bhaagalpur se 48 kilometer ki doori par hai, jo ab baanka jile me sthit hai. iski oonchaai 800 feet hai. iske sambandh mein kaha jaata hai ki iska prayog saagar manthan mein kiya gaya tha. kinvadantiyon ke anusaar is pahaadi ke chaaron or abhi bhi sheshanaag ke chin‍aah ko dekha ja sakta hai, jisko iske chaaron or baandhakar samudra manthan kiya gaya tha. kaalidaas ke kumaarasanbhavam mein pahaadi par Bhagwan vish‍aanu ke padachin‍aahon ke baare mein bataaya gaya hai. is pahaadi par hin‍aadoo devi devataaon ka mandir bhi sthit hai. yeh bhi maana jaata hai ki jain ke 12vein tirthankar ne isi pahaadi par nirvaan ko praap‍aat kiya tha. lekin mandaar hil ki sabse badi visheshata iski choti par sthit jheel hai. isko dekhne ke liye door-door se paryatak aate hain. pahaadi ke theek neeche ek paapaharani talaab hai, is talaab ke beech me ek vishnu mandir is drishya ko romaanchak baanaata hai. yaha jaane ke liye Bhaagalpur se bas aur rel ki suvidha uplabdh hai.

vikrashila vish‍aavavidyaalaya

vish‍aav prasiddh vikramashila vish‍aavavidyaalaya Bhaagalpur se 38 kilometer door anteechak gaanv ke paas hai. vikramashila vish‍aavavidyaalaya naalan‍aada ke samakaksh maana jaata tha. iska nirmaan paal vansh ke shaasak dharmapaal (770-810 isa poorv) ne karavaaya tha. dharmapaal ne yahaan ki do cheejon se prabhaavit hokar iska nirmaan karaaya tha. pehla, yeh ek lokapriya taantrik kendra tha jo kosi aur ganga nadi se ghira hua tha. yahaan maan kaali aur Bhagwan Shiv ka mandir bhi sthit hai. doosra, yeh s‍aathaan ut‍aataravaahini ganga ke sameep hone ke kaaran bhi shraddhaaluon ke aakarshan ka kendra bana rahata hai. ek shab‍aadon mein kaha jaae to yeh ek prasiddh teerthas‍aathaan tha.

kahalagaanv

kahalagaanv Bhaagalpur se 32 kilometer ki doori par sthit hai. yahaan teen chhote-chhote taapoo hain. kaha jaata hai ki jaahnu rishi ke tap mein ganga ki teevr dhaara se yaheen par v‍aayavadhaan pada tha. isse kro‍aadhit hokar rishi ne ganga ko apni jaangh mein kar liya tha. baad mein raaja bhaageerath ke praarthana ke uparaant un‍aahonne ganga ko chhod diya. iske baad se ganga ki dhaaraaen badal gayi aur yeh dakshin se ut‍aatar ki or gaman karne lagi. ek maatr pat‍aathar pad bana hua mandir bhi dekhne laayak hai. is prakaar ka mandir Bihar mein an‍aayatr naheen hai. kahalagaanv mein daul‍aafeen ko bhi dekha ja sakta hai. yaha N ti pi si bhi hai.

iske alaava kup‍aapa ghaat, vishhari s‍aathaan, Bhaagalpur sangrahaalaya, manasa devi ka mandir, jain mandir, champa, viseshar sthaan, 25kilomeetar door sul‍aataanaganj aadi ko bhi dekh‍aa ja sakta hai.

parivhan

Bhaagalpur shahar pramukh rel aur sadak maargo se juda hai.

krushi aur khanij

yeh krushi utpaado aur vastro ka vyaapaar kendra hai. khaadyaann aur tilhan yahaaain par ugaai jaane waali pramukh fsalein hai. cheeni mitti, agnish mitti aur abhrak ke bhandaar yahaaain paae jaate hain. iske aaspaas ke kshetr mein jalodh maidaan aur dakshin mein chhota Nagpur pathaar ki vanaachhaadit apari bhoomi hai. ganga aur chandan nadiyon dvaara is kshetr ki sinchaai hoti hai. yaha ek krushi vishvavidyaalaya bhi hai.

udyog aur vyaapaar

pradesh udyogon mein chaaval aur cheeni ki milein aur ooni kapadon ki bunaai shaamil hai. Bhaagalpur resham ke utpaadan ke liye bhi vikhyaat hai. yahaaain ek resham utpaadan sansthaan aur ek krushi anusandhaan keinnd sthaapit kiye gaye hai.

shikshan sansthaan

Bhaagalpur vish‍aavavidyaalaya yahaaain ka pramukh shiksha kendra hain. Bhaagalpur shahar mein tilka maanjhi Bhaagalpur vishvavidyaalaya (1960) se sambaddh Bhaagalpur injineeyaring kaulaj, J .L .N .medical college aur anek mahaavidyaalaya hai. sabaur mein krushi vishvavidyaalaya bhi hai. varsh 2011 se Bhaagalpur mein indira gaaaindhi raashtreeya mukt vishvavidyaalaya ka kshetreeya kendra bhi khul gaya hai. jail road, tilkaamaanjhi sthit ignoo ke kshetreeya kendra ne yahaaain kai nae paathyakram aarambh kiye hain aur baanka, munger aur Bhaagalpur ke bheetari hisson mein apne nae kendron aur projekts ke maadhyam se uchch shiksha ko sarvasulabh banaane mein yogadaan de raha hai. varsh 2014 mein yahaan sampoorn kampayootar shiksha ke liye maanav bhaarati education mission tatha laal bahaadur shaastri training sansthaan khul gaya hai. vikramasheela vishvavidyaalaya ko jeeveet karne ka kaam chaaloo hai.

janasankhya

2001 ki janaganana ke anusaar Bhaagalpur shahar kul janansakhya 3,40,349 hai.

aavaagaman

Bhaagalpur rel aur sadak maarg donon se ach‍aachhi tarah se juda hua hai. yeh shahar Patna se koi 220 kilometer tatha Kolkata se 410 kilometer door sthit hai.

rel maarg

Bhaagalpur ke liye rajdhani Patna se seedhi trainein hain. dil‍aali se jaane ke liye vikramashila, brahmaputr ek‍aasapres, farak‍aaka ek‍aasapres, saptaahik express, gareeb rath aadi trainein jaati hain. iske alaava dil‍aali se Patna pahunchakar s‍aathaaneeya train se Bhaagalpur jaaya ja sakta hai. Kolkata se is shahar ke liye seedhi train hai. Kolkata se aane ke liye dil‍aali haavada root ki train lekar lak‍aakheesaraaya sthit kiyool jank‍aashan se bhi Bhaagalpur ke liye train li ja sakti hai.

sadak maarg

Bhaagalpur Bihar ke an‍aaya shaharon se sadak ke maadh‍aayam se ach‍aachhi tarah juda hua hai. yeh raash‍aatreeya raajamaarg 80 par sthit hai. vikrashila pul ke ban jaane se yeh shahar Bihar ke ut‍aatari raaj‍aayon se seedha jud gaya hai. Bhaagalpur ki aantarik parivhan auto rik‍aasha, rik‍aasha, taanga aadi par nirbhar hai. Bhaagalpur mein ul‍aataapul ke paas bas terminal sthit hai, jahaan se vibhin‍aan s‍aathaanon ke liye basein jaati hai.

havaai maarg

jayaprakaash Narayan havaai adda, Patna utarakar Bhaagalpur aaya ja sakta hai.

sandarbh

bhagalapuro ke earaport kahin nai chaaloo hoe rahalo chhai hamara sabhe yaatri k dikkat hoe chhai.

baahari kadiyaaain