Beijing

Beijing
北aa京aa市
Beijing montage.png
oopar se dakshinaavart: tyaanaman chauk, svarg ka mandir, Beijing seebeedi aur Beijing raashtreeya stadium
sankshipteekaran: 京 (pinyin: Jīang/jeeng)
बीजिंग北京市 ऊपर से दक्षिणावर्त: त्यानमन चौक, स्वर्ग का मन्दिर, बीजिंग सीबीडी और बीजिंग राष्ट्रीय स्टेडियम
naamotpatti bi - uttar
jing - rajdhani
uttari rajdhani
prashaasan prakaar cheen ka prashaasanik kshetr
rajdhani Beijing
mahaapaur vaang kishaan
kshetrafal 16,808 kimee² (29vaan)
janasankhya (2007)
- ghanatv
1,74,30,000 (26vaan)
1,024/kimee² (2ra)
jeeenapi (2004)
- prati vyakti
428 seeenavaai (15vaan)
28,700 seeenavaai (2ra)
ISO 3166-2 seeen-11
aadhikaarik jaalasthal:
paaramparik cheeni
angreji
janasankhya aur GDP data ke liye srot:
《a中a国a统a计a年a鉴a—a2005》/ cheen vaarshik saankhyiki 2005 ISBN 7-5037-4738-2


Beijing (北aa京) (ya peycheeङ) cheeni janavaadi ganaraajya, ki rajdhani hai. Beijing ka arth hai "uttari rajdhani", jabki naanjing ka arth hai "dakshini rajdhani". Beijing 1949 mein saamyavaadi kraanti ke baad se nirntar cheen ki rajdhani hai aur us samay tak yeh vibhinn kaalon mein alag-alag avadhiyon tak cheen ki rajdhani raha hai. Beijing, desh ke uttarapoorvi bhaag mein sthit hai aur chaar nagarapaalikaaon mein se ek hai. iska arth hai ki in chaaron nagarapaalikaaon ko praanton ke baraabar darja praapt hai aur yeh usi prakaar ka svashaasan chalaate hain jaise ki koi anya praant. 1828 se poorv Beijing vishv ka sabse bada nagar tha.

madhya Beijing mein January 2007 mein lagbhag 76 lakh log rah rahe the. upanagareeya kshetron ko milaakar yahaan ki kul janasankhya 1 karod 75 lakh ke lagbhag hai, jismein se 1 karod 20 lakh ke lagbhag sthaai nivaasiyon ke roop mein panyajeekrut hain aur shesh 55 lakh log asthaai apravaasi nivaasi hain. Beijing aur upanagareeya kshetr ka kul kshetrafal Belgium ka lagbhag aadha hai.

Beijing, cheen ka saanskrutik aur raajanaitik kendra hai, jabki cheen ka sarvaadhik janasankhya wala nagar Shanghai desh ka vitteeya kendra hai aur jo Hongkong ke saath is padavi ke liye kadi pratispardha mein hai. apne poore deerghakaalik itihaas ke dauraan Beijing ne apni ek vividh aur vishisht viraasat ka vikaas kiya hai. ensaaiklopeediya britenika, Beijing ko "vishv ke mahaanatam" nagaron mein se ek maanata hai[1]. sabse prasiddh hai tyaanaman chauk, jahaan se "nishiddh nagar", "shaahi mahal" aur "nishiddh nagar ke mandir" ka maarg jaata hai, jo 1987 se yoonesko vishv dharohar sthal hai. yooneskon soochi mein "svarg ka mandir", "greeshmakaaleen mahal", "laama mandir" aur "kanfyooshiys mandir" bhi hain. [[File:BeijingWatchTower.jpg|

1989 mein Beijing mein tyaanaman chauk par chhaatr vidroh hua tha jise cheen ki saamyavaadi sarkaar ne kroorata se kuchal diya tha. chhaatr log lokatantr ki maaङag ko lekar pradarshan kar rahe the.

August 2008 mein yahaan 2008 greeshmakaaleen olympic khelon ka aayojan kiya gaya tha.

anukram

naam

Beijing ka arth hai "uttari rajdhani". Beijing ke samakaksh naanjing nagar raha hai, jo ming saamraajya ki dakshini rajdhani tha. (jabki naanjing ka arth hai dakshin rajdhani, tokyo ka arth hai rajdhani aur hanoi ka arth hai poorvi rajdhani).

Beijing ke prashaasanik kshetr

ColorBeijingMap.png

Beijing mahaanagareeya kshetr 18 jilon mein vibhaajit hai, jo chaar kshetron mein bainte hue hain:

bheetari rajdhani jila

kshetrafal: 92.39 kimi2, janasankhya: 20,52,000 (2005), jile: chongven, dong chen, sheecheing, shooaanvoo.

baahari mahaanagareeya jila

kshetrafal: 1,275.93 kimi2, janasankhya: 74,80,000 (2005), jile: chaaoyaang, feingtaai, haaidaan, sheejingashaan.

naveen basti kshetr

kshetrafal: 6,295.57 kimi2, janasankhya: 41,16,000 (2005), jile: chaangping, daaksheeg, faangshaan, shunyi, tongjhooo.

paaristhitik suraksha jila

kshetrafal: 8,746.65 kimi2, janasankhya: 17,32,000, (2005), jile: huaairou, mentougou, miyoon, pinggoo, yaangking.

chitr deergha

bhagini nagar

sandarbh

  1. "Peking (Beijing)". Encyclopæadia Britannica. 25 (15th edition, Macropæadia ed.). pp. 468.

See also

baahari kadiyaan