Bangladesh ki sansad

raashtreeya sansad
জaaাaaতaaীaaযaa় সaaংaaসaaদ
জaaাaaতaaীaaযaa় সaaংaaসaaদ
राज्य-चिह्न या लोगो
prakaar
sadan prakaar ekasadaneeya
netrutv
sabhaadhyaksh shirin sharmeen chaudhari[1]
upasabhaadhyaksh fajale rabbi miyaaain
neta sattaapaksh shekh haseena
neta vipaksh begam raushan irshaad
sanrachana
seatein 350 (50 aasan mahilaaon ke liye aarakshit)
Jatiyo Sangshad - 2012 Distribution.png
raajaneetik samooh


mahaagathabandhan (263)

  • aavaami league (234)
  • raashtreeya party (manjoo) (3)
  • jaateeya samaajataantrik dal(jaasad) (5)
  • workers party (Bangladesh) (6)
  • Bangladesh tarikt federation (2)
  • Bangladesh raashtravaadi frant (1)


virodhi dal

  • raashtreeya party (irshaad) (34)
  • nirdaleeya (১aa৫)
National Assembly of Bangladesh (07).jpg
chunaav
pichhla chunaav 5 January 2014
vidhaan sabha satr bhavan
Sangshad 2.jpg
jaateeya sansad bhavan,
sher-A baangla nagar, dhaaka,
Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bangladesh
website
http://www.parliament.gov.bd/

raashtreeya sansad ya jaateeya sansad(baangla: জaaাaaতaaীaaযaa় সaaংaaসaaদ, jaateeyo shaaainshod) , hai janaprajaatantr Bangladesh ki sarvochch vidhaai sadan. is ekasadaneeya vidhaayika ke sadasyon ki kul sankhya hai 350. jinmein 300 aasan janta dvaara pratyaksh rup se nirvaachit saansadon ke liye hote hain evam avashisht 50 aasan mahilaaon ke liye aarakshit hain. aarakshit aasano ke naari sadasyagan, poorvakathit 300 nirvaachit saansadon ke maton dvaara paroksh nirvaachan paddhati se nirvaachit hote hain. nirvaachit hoti sansad ki kaaryaavadhi 5 varsh hai.

anukram

sansad bhavan

baanglaadeshi sansad sthaai roop se jaateeya sansad bhavan mein baithati hai. yeh bhavan, vidhaayika ki duniya mein ek shaanadaar sansadeeya nirmaan ka namoona hai. yeh bhavan, 215 ekad vistaar ki bhoomi paar, rajdhani dhaaka ke, sher-A-baangla kshetr mein sthit hai. iske parisar mein, mukhya bhavan ke atirikt, khule hari rikt sthaan, jal nikaayon aur saansadon ke bhavya kaaryaalaya bhi sthit hai. is imaarat ka nirmaan 1961 mein shuroo hua tha. anek utaar chadhaavon ke baad antyat: 8 January 1972 ko is bhavan ka udghaatan kiya gaya. is shaanadaar bhavan ki rachana ko prasiddh ameriki vaastukaar Louis I khaan ne taiyaar kiya tha. sansad bhavan kshetr ko mukhya bhavan, dakshin plaaja aur raashtrapati plaaja, in teen bhaagon mein baanta gaya hai.[2][3]

sadasyata

samvidhaan ke anuchhed 66 ke anusaar, saansad ke roop mein nirvaachit hone ke ichhuk ummeedavaaron ke liye ek bangalaadesh ka naagrik hone ke atirikt, 25 varsh ki aayu se adhik vayask hona aavashyak hai. saath hi, maanasik akshamata, divaaliyaapan, va dvait-naagarikta, pratyaashi ki ummeedavaari ke khaarij hone ka kaaran ho sakte hain.

pratyaksh chunaav ke maadhyam se apne apne nirvaachan kshetron mein bahumat(arthaat adhiktam mat) praapt karne vaale sadasya chune jaate hain. Bangladesh sadasyon ko 5 saal ki avadhi ke liye chuna jaata hai. ve svatantr ya kisi raajaneetik dal ke sanbandhan mein, chunaav mein bhaag le sakte hain..[4]


kaarya va shaktiyaaain

yeh sansad, bahaglaadesh ki sarvochch vidhaayi sansathaan va sarvochch vidhi niyaamak nikaaya hai. desh ki sarvochch vidhaayi sadan hone ke naate yeh Bangladesh ke janagan ka pratinidhitv karti hai, evam issi raajanaitik nikaaya ke samaksh, kai maapadandon ke anusaar, Bangladesh ki raajaneetik vyavastha va loktantaantrik vyavastha ke liye mahatvapoorn kuchh sabse aham shaktiyaaain va kaarya nihit hain.

sarkaar ka gathan

pratyek chunaav ke pashchaat is sabha mein bahumat praapt karne waali dal hi agale paaainch varshon tak Bangladesh ki satta par viraajamaan rahati hai. Bangladesh ke raashtrapati, sansad ke safasayon mein se hi, cabinet mantriyon va pradhaanamantri ko niyukt karte hain. samvaidhaanik niyamon ke anusaar, pradhaanamantri evam 90% mantrimandaleeya sadasyon ka saansad hona anivaarya hai. raashtrapati dvaara usi vyakti ko pradhaanamantri niyukt kiya jaata hai, jiske paas sadan ka vishvaas ho. sampoorn mantrimandal evam mantrimandal ke tamaam sadasya, sada sarvada sansad ke prati uttaradeh hote hain. evam sadan ke kissi bhi sadasya dvaara sarkaar ke kaaryon ke sambandh mein kissi bhi prashn ke poochhe jaane par sarkaar ke mantri uttar dene ke liye baadhya hain.

raashtrapati ka chunaav va mahaabhiyogan

Bangladesh ki raashtreeya sansad ke sadasya, Bangladesh ke raashtrapati ka chunaav karte hain, raashtrapatitviya nirvaachan, khule matadaan shaili dvaara hoti hai. issi kaaranavash vipakshi daal shaayad hi kabhi apne pratyaashi ko chunaav mein naamaankit karatein hain. at: saadhaaranat: sattaapaksheeya pratyaashi nirvirodh hi vijayi ghoshit hota hai. iske alaava sansad ke paas, raashtrapati ke mahaabhiyogan ki bhi shaktiyaaain hai. is sandarbh mein mahaabhiyog prastaav ka sadan ke do tiyaahi bahumat ki sveekruti honi chaahiye, arthaat sadan ke to tiyaahi sadasya iske paksh mein hone chaahiye.

sansadeeya sthaayi samitiyon ka gathan

sansad, aavashyakataanusaar, sansadeeya sthaayi samiti ka bhi gathan kar sakti hai. aisi samitiyaaain, bilon ki jaaainch va kaanoon pravartan ki ki sameeksha va janahit hetu anya mahatvapurn kaaryon ke liye gathit keen jaateen hain. haalaaainki in samitiyon ki vastaasik shaktiyaaain keval naamamaatr ki hi hoti hain. iske alaava in samitiyon ke paas koi vishesh kathaasapak shatakiyaan bhi naheen hoteen hai, khaas kar tab se jab Bangladesh ki sarvochch nyaayaalaya ne yeh nirnaya paarit kiya tha ki vah sthaayi samitiyon ki talab ke prati javaabadeh naheen hai.

pratirksha va kshatipoorti pradaan karna

samvidhaan ka anuchhed 78 sadasyon ko saansadeeya satron ke dauraan kiye gaye, matadaan, abhibhaashan va kaaryon ke prati pratirksha pradaan karti hai aur saansadon ko aisi kissi bhi harkat ke liye court ke prati javaabadeh naheen maanati. balki, sansad savayan hi, anuchhed 46 ke tahat raashtra ki seva mein kisi bhi vyakti ko kshatipoorti va pratirksha pradaan karne ke liye nihit hai. issi taakat ne dviteeya sisd ko kshatipoorti adhyaadesh ki pushti dvaara shekh mujeeburrahamaan ke hatyaaron ko kshatipoorti pradaan karne ki anumati nihit ki thi.

netrutv

sabhaapati

Bangladesh ki raashtreeya sansad ke adhyaksh, sansadeeya sabha ke sabhaapati evam adhishthaata hai. sansad ke adhishthaan ke alaava, adhyaksh, raashtrapati ke up kaaryavaahak bhi hain, arthaat‌, raashtrapati ke abhaav mein ve raashtrapatitv ka nirvaah ke liye bhi jimmedaar hain. iske alaava, kuchh avsaron par ve videshon mein bhi sadan va desh ka pratinidhitv karte hain. unhonne sansad ke sadasyon dvaara nirvaachit kiya jaata hai. ve tatasth hota hain evam sansad ko bhang kiye jaane ke baad bhi agale adhyaksh ke chayan tak adhyakshata ki jimmedaariyaan nibhaane hai.

upasabhaapati

speaker ke atirikt, sadan, unke upaadhikri ke roop mein ek (ya usase adhik bhi) upaadhyaksh ka bhi chunaav karti hai, jinka kaarya, sabhaapati ki anupasthiti mein adhyakshata ka nirvaah karna hota hai.

neta sattaapaksh

sansad mein pradhaanamantri, sattaapaksh evam sarkaar ke neta hote hain, evam ve sansad mein bahumat rakhane vaale dal ke pratinidhi hote hain. iske alaava ve sarkaar va mantreemandal ke bhi pramukh hote hain. unka aadhikaarik nivaas, bhaaka ka ganabhavan hai.

neta vipaksh

vipaksh ke neta ka pad aamtaur par bruhadatam virodhi dal ke neta ko diya jaata hai. ve sansad ki aadhikaarik vipaksh ke aadhikaarik netrutvakarta evam neta hote hain. Bangladesh ki raajanaitik dhaanche mein, neta vipaksh ko kisi cabinet mantri ke baraabar ka darja diya gaya hai aur unhein vipaksh ke sandarbh mein pradhaanamantri ke samakaksh dekha jaata hai joki sadan evam shaasak dal ke neta hote hain.

sansad ki vyaapti

sansad ke paanch saal ke kaaryakaal ke. lekin desh mein kaanoon samvidhaan ko banaae rakhane ka ek mahatvapoorn daur se gujar raha hai badla ja sakta hai.[5]

sansad samaapti bahumat dal dal adhyaksh vipaksh dal vipakshi dal adhyaksh baithakon ke din adhiniymon ki sankhya tippaniyaaain
pratham raashtreeya sansad 7 April 1973 - 6 November 1975 Bangladesh aavaami league shekh mujeeburrahamaan amaanya amaanya 134 154 অaaনaa্aaয কaaোaaন রaaাaaজaaনaaৈaaতaaিaaক দaaল ১aaটaaিaaর বaaেaaশaaি আaaসaaন লaaাaaভ কaaরaaেaaনaaি
dviteeya raashtreeya sansad April, 1979- 4 March, 198 Bangladesh neshanalist party (beeenapi) jiyaaur Rahman Bangladesh avaami league laagoo naheen 06 65 vipaksh ke neta ka chayan karne ke liye toot gaya hai
truteeya raashtreeya sansad 10 July 1986-6 December 1987 ke national party echaem ishaad Bangladesh avaami league pradhaanamantri 75 39
chaturth sansad 15 April, 1988 6 disan, 1990 ke national party echaem ishaad vipakshi gathabandhan pej. aao. M abdur rob 168 14 vipaksh ke baare mein unki niyukt neta ki aavaaj thi
pancham sansad 5aprail, 1991- 14 November, 1995 beeenapi khaalida jiya Bangladesh aavaami league shekh haseena 400 173
shashtham sansad 5 April 1991 4 November, 1995 ke neshanalist party (beeenapi) khaalida Bangladesh avaami league pradhaanamantri 400 173
saptam raashtreeya sansad 14 July, 1996- 13 July, 001 Bangladesh avaami league pradhaanamantri Bangladesh neshanalist party (beeenapi) khaalida jiya 38 191
ashtham sansad 8 October, October 2001 7, 006 Bangladesh neshanalist party (beeenapi) khaalida jiya Bangladesh avaami league pradhaanamantri 373 185
navam sansad 5 January 2009 Bangladesh avaami league pradhaanamantri Bangladesh neshanalist party (beeenapi) khaalida jiya 418 271
dasham sansad 9 January, 014-vartamaan Bangladesh avaami league pradhaanamantri Bangladesh national party raushan ishaad

inhein bhi dekhein

  • jaateeya sansad bhavan

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain