BSE Sensex

BSE Sensex ya Mumbai share baajaar samvedi soochakaank Bhaarat ka ek moolya-bhaarit soochakaank hai. Mumbai share baajaar ne 1986 mein Sensex ki rachana ki thi. aaj usaki sirf Bhaarat mein heen naheen balki videsh mein bhi pramukh index mein ganana hoti hai. Sensex mein 30 companiyon ko samaahit kiya gaya hai, jiski ganana market kaipitlaaijeshan-vetej methaadolaaji ke aadhaar par ki jaati hai. Sensex ka aadhaaravarsh 1978-79 hai. Sensex ko samay gujaratein `free plot market kaipitlaaijeshan-vetej' methaadolaaji mein badla gaya tha.

Sensex ka aadhaar moolya 1 April 1979 ko 100 Ru. aur aadhaar varsh 1978-1979 hai.

June 1990 ko soochakaank apne aadhaar moolya se lagbhag 10 guna badh gaya.

anukram

Sensex mein shaamil companiyaan

company band bhaav (21/04/2011) (rupae) baajaar poonjeekaran (karod rupae) pi/E anupaat
Reliance 100.95 3,40,428 20.5
ONGC 304.20 2,60,258 14.3
TCS 1191.65 2,33,230 25.7
SBI 2860.35 1,81,629 14.7
inafosis 2909.25 1,67,032 26.7
NTPC 186.90 1,54,108 18.5
ITC 190.10 1,47,101 41.5
bhaarati Airtel 376.60 1,43,015 21.2
ICICI bank 1117.25 1,28,370 29.3
Wipro 463.20 1,13,690 22.2
HDFC bank 2403.80 1,11,830 28.0
HDFC 731.90 1,07,362 35.2
laarsan end tubro 1703.90 1,03,870 27.9
beeechaiel 2057.50 1,00,719 24.4
tata motors 1243.85 78,812 9.0
jindal steel 693.70 64,826 17.2
Hindustan Unilever 288.80 63,900 34.5
tata steel 628.75 60,310 8.3
starlight industries 178.55 60,021 13.3
mahindra end mahindra 766.15 47,037 21.0
Bajaj auto 1463.45 42,346 26.8
Hindalco 220.25 42,167 10.9
deeelaef 247.05 41,937 24.4
Maruti Suzuki 1306.60 37,750 15.0
hero honda 1786.05 35,667 17.1
tata power 1330.55 31,575 13.3
Cipla 321.20 25,789 24.4
Reliance kamyunikeshans 106.30 21,941 9.4
JP esosiyets 101.70 21,626 49.2
Reliance infra 696.00 18,612 11.6
beesai Sensex 19602.23 29,73,382.40 21.16

Sensex ki gati

aadhaar moolya dinaank tipnni
1000 July 25, 1990
2000 January 15, 1992
3000 February 29, 1992
4000 March 30, 1992
5000 October 11, 1999
6000 fravari 11, 2000
7000 June 21, 2005
8000 September 8, 2005
9000 December 9, 2005
10000 February 7, 2006
11000 March 27, 2006
12000 April 20, 2006
13000 October 30, 2006
14000 December 5, 2006
15000 July 6, 2007
16000 September 19, 2007
17000 September 26, 2007
18000 October 9, 2007
19000 October 15, 2007
20000 October 29, 2007
21000 January 8, 2008

parichay

Bhaarat mein share baajaar ka maapak Mumbai share baajaar (BSE) ka samvedi soochakaank ne rajat jayanti varsh mein pravesh kiya hai. iski sthaapana 2 January 1986 ko us samay ki kaafi sakriya 30 sheyaron ke saath hui thi, 1979 aadhaar varsh tha. aajkal samvedi soochakaank ke 30 share BSE ke kul poonjeekaran ka lagbhag 15vaan hissa hai.

BSE mein 4700 se adhik companiyaan soocheebadhd hain jo ise duniya ka sabse bada share baajaar banaati hain. haalaanki sabhi sheyaron mein sakriya kaarobaar naheen hota. unase bhi thode se sheyaron se hi baajaar aur arthavyavastha ke rukh ke baare mein pata chalta hai.

samvedi soochakaank ki sthaapana ke samay Mumbai share baajaar ne kaha tha, nn baajaar ke saamaanya rukh ko pradarshit karne ke liye ikviti moolyon ke soochakaank ki kami kaafi samay se niveshakon aur samaachaar patron dvaara mahasoos ki ja rahi thi, kyonki ve apna soochakaank taiyaar naheen kar paate the.

samvedi soochakaank (Sensex) kya hai ?

Sensex moolya aadhaarit soochakaank hai aur iski ganana vimukt pravaah poonjeekaran prakriya ke aadhaar par hoti hai. yeh prakriya ek company ke jaari kul sheyaron ke baajaar -poonjeekaran ki poorv ki prakriya se alag hai. ismein company ki keval un sheyaron ka upayog kiya jaata hai jo kaarobaar ke liye poori tarah upalabdh hai. is vimukt pravaah prakriya mein promotar, sarkaar aur saansthaanik niveshakon ke share shaamil naheen hai. yeh prakriya, baajaar ke rukh ki sahi tasveer pesh karne ke liye 1 September 2003 ko laagoo ki gayi thi.

Sensex ki ganana mein 30 companiyon ke vimukt pravaah poonjeekaran ko soochakaank vibhaajak se vibhaajit kar diya jaata hai. yeh vibhaajak hi Sensex ke mool aadhaar varsh se sanbadhd hota hai. yeh soochakaank ko tulanaatmak banaata hai tatha corporate gatividhiyon se athva share badalne ityaadi se soochakaank mein hone vaale ferabadal ke liye parivartan bindu bhi hai.

Sensex ne 1986 se ek lambi yaatra tay ki hai aur vah filhaal 35 guna badh gaya hai. kaarobaar ke pehle din 1 April 1986 ko Sensex 549.43 ank par band hua tha. yeh apne rajat jayanti varsh mein 17467 ank par khula.

Sensex mein bhaari giraavat I jo ki 1000 rupaye girkar 2500 tak pahuainch gaya... yeh 24agast 2015 ki sabse badi giraavat I...

Sensex ka svaroop

soochakaank ka svaroop bhi kai baar badal gaya hai shuroo ki 30 mool companiyon mein se 11 hi abhi iska hissa bani hui hai.

1986 mein sanseks mein ACC, Bombay daaing, ballaarapur industries, seeet tyres, century speening, food speshaliteej (ab nesle), great istarn shiping, jeeesaefasi, glaikso, gvaaliyr reyaun (ab graasim), Hindustan elyuminiym (ab Hindalco), Hindustan leevar (ab Hindustan yooneeleev), Hindustan motors, Indian hotels, Indian reyaun, ITC, kirloskar kummins, laarsan end toobro, mahindra end mahindra, mukand, pees ilektraaniks (ab fileeps), Premier automobile, rilaanyas industries, seemeins, telko (ab tata motors), tata power, tata steel, voltaaj aur jenith companiyaan shaamil theen.

filhaal ismein ACC, bhel, bhaarati Airtel, deeelaef, graasim, HDFC, HDFC bank, hero honda, Hindalco, Hindustan yooneeleevar, ICICI bank, Infosys, jayaprakaash esosiyets, laarsan end toobro, mahindra evam mahindra, maarooti udyog, NTPC, ONGC, Reliance kamyunikeshan, Reliance industries, Reliance ifraastrakchar, bhaarateeya state bank, starlight industries, sanafaarma, TCS, tata motors, tata power, tata steel aur Wipro companiyaan shaamil hain.

bhaarateeya nigmit kshetr ne jo naya aayaam praapt kiya hai usase usaki parivrtit sthiti ka spasht sanket milta hai. Bhaarat ki teen badi IT-aaiteeies kanpanion TCS, Infosys aur Wipro ki upasthiti se soochana praudyogiki jagat mein usaki pehle se pahunch rekhaankit hota hai. vinivesh neeti ke maadhyam se saarvajanik kshetr ki paanch companiyon ke pravesh ne chhipi sanpada ko sabke saamane rakh diya hai. teen Reliance companiyon ki upasthiti se nigmon ke vibhaajan ka jhalak milta hai, vaheen bhaarati Airtel, jayaprakaash esosiyets aur steralaait ki pahunch se nai nigmit hastiyon ka aagaman hua hai aur haal ke pichhle varshon ki naami companiyon jaise Bombay daaying, century, Hindustan motors, Premier aatomobaails aur great istarn shiping aadi ko samvedi soochakaank se hatna pada hai.

ateet aur vartamaan ki Sensex companiyon par sarasari taur par nigaah daalne se bhaarateeya arthavyavastha ke sooryodaya aur sooryaast kshetron ka spasht chitr dekhne ko milta hai. nai sanrachana se bhi Mumbai mukhyaalaya waali companiyon ki bhaari upasthiti mein hraas aaya jo 1996 mein 75 pratishat se adhik darj kiya gaya tha.

haal ke varshon mein Sensex

Sensex ko chaar ankon ko paar karne mein do varshon se adhik lage. 25 July 1990 ko pehli baar Sensex 1001 ankon par band hua. 1991 mein Bhaarat ke tatkaaleen vitt mantri dau॰ Manmohan Singh ne aarthik udaareekaran ke upaayon ki jo ghoshana ki thi, usase aarthik gatisheelata aane lagi thi. 1992-93 mein bhaarateeya baajaar ke liye upayogi bajat se aayaat-niryaat ki aashaaen badhi jisse March 1992 tak Sensex mein 4000 ankon ka uchhaal aaya. parivartan ka yeh daur harshad Mehta ghotaala prakaran se pehle aaya tha. varsh 2000 mein soochana praudyogiki ki abhootapoorv pragati ke saath-saath Sensex 6000 ank ko paar kar gaya. varsh 2006 ke aaspaas videshi niveshak bhi sakriya ho gaye jiske parinaamasvaroop 8 sitmbar 2005 ko Sensex 8000 ank ko paar kar gaya. 7 fravari 2006 Bombay Sensex ka svarnim din raha aur isne 10,000 ka aankada paar kar gaya. Sensex fir duguna ho gaya aur 29 October 2007 ko 20,000 ka aankada bhi paar kar gaya. yeh 8 January 2008 ko 21,078 ki oonchaai tak pahunch gaya.

isi beech vaishvik mandi ki prakriya shuroo hui aur videshi niveshakon ne apne nivesh (share) ko bechana shuroo kar diya.

soochakaankon ka mahattv

praaya: yeh kaha jaata hai ki share baajaar desh ke aarthik svaasthya ko theek rakhane aur usaki pragati banaaye rakhane mein pramukh bhoomika nibhaata hai. yeh dov jons ke 1884 ke nirmaan se shuroo hota hai. ab duniya mein kai share baajaar soochakaank hain. inmein se ullekhaneeya hain – S end pi global, dov jons, efateeesai, haangaseing end nikkei. niveshakon mein inki atyadhik lokapriyta ke baavajood inki anek avsaron par bahut adhik aalochna bhi hui hai. gadbad ghotaale, nigmit bhrashtaachaaron, krutrim roop se sheyaron ke atyadhik moolya dikhaane, shodh farmon ker kattavya aur hiton mein takaraav aadi anek udaaharan milte hain. isse baajaar mein asthirta paida hoti hai, soochankaankon ki chhavi kharaab hoti hai, kyonki tab yeh soocheebadhd company ke sahi svaasthya ka parichaayak naheen rah jaata.

iske baavajood share baajaar aur unke soochakaankon ka abhi bahut mahatva bana hua hai. share baajaar arthavyavastha ko jaroori taralata upalabdh karaate hain. Bhaarat ke do pramukh baajaar BSE Sensex evam nipooti ne bhaarateeya poonji baajaar ko vishv maanachitr par utkrusht sthaan dilaane mein bahut yogadaan kiya hai. videshi sansthaagat niveshakon ki badhati upasthiti hamaare baajaar ko vaishvik baajaar se jodne mein mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhaati hai.

anya soochakaank

BSE ka ikviti index 'Sensex' to lokapriya hai hi aur usamein sampoorn stock market ka seintimeint prateet hota hai, parantu iske saath hi BSE dvaara vibhin kshetr ke share soochakaank bhi shaamil kiye jaate hain. aise sektaral index mein teknaulauji, peeesayoo, auto, bainkaeks, kanjyoomar guds, ef M si ji, helth keyar, I ti (infaarmeshan teknaulauji), metal, aayal end gas ke alaava dollar ke moolya mein doleks-100, doleks-200 ank ka samaavesh hain.

BSE-100

BSE ne January 1988 mein Mumbai, Kolkata, Delhi, Ahmedabad aur Madras share baajaar ki pramukh companiyon ke sheyaron ko shaamil kar BSE-100 soochakaank ki rachana ki thi aur use national index ke roop mein maana gaya. haalaanki 14 October 1996 ko usaki punarrachana ki gayi aur sirf Mumbai share baajaar mein listed companiyon ke sheyaron ko usamein samaahit kar BSE-100 ki rachana ki gayi. BSE-100 index ke dollar ke moolya mein roopaantarit index ko doleks-100 ke roop mein pahachaana jaata hai.

BSE-200

BSE ne 27 May 1994 ko nae udyogon mein pravesh karanevaali companiyon ke badhte maarkeÀaat kaipitlaaijeshan ko maddenajar rakh BSE-200 soochakaank ki rachana ki thi. BSE-200 soochakaank ke dollar mulyaankan mein roopaantarit soochakaank ko doleks-200 ke roop mein pahachaana jaata hai. lagaataar badhti ja rahi listed companiyon ki sankhya ke saath maarkeÀaat kaipitlaaijeshan mein vruddhi hone lagi. baajaar ke paartisipant ko dhyaan mein rakh BSE ne adhik vistrut index BSE-500 shuroo kiya tha, jo BSE adhikaansh maarkeÀaat kaipitlaaijeshan ko samaahit kar leta hai.

nae share soochakaank ki rachana

samay ke saath nae nae kshetr ki companiyon ki badhi sankhya ko dhyaan mein rakh BSE ne sektaral soochakaank ki rachana ki. 1999 mein paanch sektaral soochakaank praarambh kiye gaye. 2001 mein BSE ne peeesayoo index, doleks-30 aur pehli baar BSE tech index ka shreeganesh kiya tha. exchange dvaara share soochakaank ke saath us soochakaank ki prati share aay, book vailyoo reshiyo aur pratishat mein laabhaansh yeeld (aay) ki bhi jaankaari di jaati hai. BSE index ko trading ke dauraan har 15 second mein update karta hai. exchange ki `index committee' dvaara BSE soochakaank mein samay samay par sanshodhan kiya jaata hai.

uparokt anusaar BSE dvaara 'sektaral index' ke tahat BSE teknaulauji (IT), BSE peeesayoo, BSE auto, BSE bainkaeks, BSE kanjyoomar guds (seeji), BSE kanjyoomar dayurebabal (seedi), BSE ef M si ji, BSE helth keyar (echasi), BSE I ti, BSE metal aur BSE aayal end gas jaari kiya jaata hai. is index ka market kaipitlaaijeshan ke alaava uske saath varsh ka ooaincha-neecha star bhi diya jaata hai.

sandarbh

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