Ahmedabad

અaaમaaદaaાaaવaaાaaદ
Ahmedabad/Ahmedabad
karnaavati
metropolitan shahar
अहमदाबाद की पहचान
Ahmedabad ki pehchaan
Map of गुजरात with અમદાવાદ marked
Location of અમદાવાદ
Gujarat mein Ahmedabad ka sthaan
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya Gujarat
jila ahamedaabaad
sthaapana E.s.1411
mayor minaakshi ben Patel
de. mayor bipeen sikka
myunisipl kamishnar di.thaara
yojana agency Ahmedabad shahari vikaas satta mandal
naagrik paalika Ahmedabad myunisipl kaurporeshan
ward 64
janasankhya
ghanatv
mahanagar
55,70,585 (2011 tak )
• 22,473
(7) (2011 tak )
lingaanupaat 1.11 /
saaksharata
• purush
• mahila
86.75%
• 92.44%
• 80.29%
kshetrafal
mahanagar
ooainchaai (AMSL)
205 ki.mee²
• km² ( sq mi)
• 53 meter
mausam
varsha
taapamaan
• greeshm
• sheet
ushn katibandh (kaupen)
mm ( in)
34.26 °aC (ekspreshan truti: anpekshit udgaar chinh "�". °aF)
38.82 °aC (ekspreshan truti: anpekshit udgaar chinh "�". °aF)
14.45 °aC (ekspreshan truti: anpekshit udgaar chinh "�". °aF)
ISO 3166-2 IN-GJ-AH
aadhikaarik jaalasthal: Ahmedabad myunisipl kaurporeshan

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 23°a02′a02″aN 72°a35′a06″aE / 23.033863°aN 72.585022°aE / 23.033863; 72.585022

Ahmedabad (gujaraati: અaaમaaદaaાaaવaaાaaદ amadaavaad) Gujarat pradesh ka sabse bada shahar hai. bhaaratavarsh mein yeh nagar ka saatavein sthaan par hai. ikkyaavan lakh ki janasankhya wala ye shahar, saabaramati nadi ke kinaare basa hua hai. pehle Gujarat ki rajdhani yahi shahar hi tha, uske baad ye sthaan gaandheenagar ko de diya gaya. Ahmedabad ko karnaavati ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai. is shahaar ki buniyaad san 1411 mein daali gayi thi. shahar ka naam sulataan Ahmad shaah par pada tha.

anukram

itihaas

Ahmedabad ka naam sultaan Ahmad shaah ke naam par rakha gaya hai. sultaan Ahmad shaah ne is shahar ki sthaapana 1411 isavi mein ki thi. is shahar ko Bhaarat ka menachestar bhi kaha jaata hai. vartamaan samay mein, Ahmedabad ko Bhaarat ke Gujarat praant ke ek pramukh audyogik shahar ke roop mein jaana jaata hai.

aitihaasik taur par, bhaarateeya svatantrata sangharsh ke dauraan Ahmedabad pramukh shivir aadhaar raha hai. isi shahar mein mahaatma Gandhi ne saabaramati aashram ki sthaapana ki aur s‍aavatantrata sangharsh se judein anek aan‍aadolan ki shuruaat bhi yahi se hui thi. Ahmedabad bunaai ke liye bhi kaafi prasiddh hai. iske saath hi yeh shahar vyaapaar aur vaanijya kendra ke roop mein bahut adhik viksit ho raha hai. angreji hukoomat ke dauraan, is jagah ko fauji taur par istamaal kiya jaata tha. Ahmedabad is pradesh ka sabse pramukh shahar hai.

sthaapana

Ahmedabad shahar ka naam sultaan Ahmad shaah ke naam par rakha gaya hai. san 1411 E. mein Gujarat ke tatkaaleen shaasak sultaan Ahmad shaah ne praacheen hindu shahar asaaval ke nikat Ahmedabad ki sthaapana ki thi. Ahmedabad ko Bhaarat ka menachestar bhi kaha jaata hai. vartamaan samay mein Ahmedabad ko Bhaarat ke Gujarat praant ki rajdhani hone ke saath saath Ahmedabad ko ek pramukh audyogik shahar ke roop mein jaana jaata hai. aitihaasik taur par, Ahmedabad bhaarateeya svatantrata sangharsh ke dauraan pramukh shivir aadhaar raha hai. mahaatma Gandhi ne saabaramati aashram ki sthaapana Ahmedabad mein ki aur s‍aavatantrata sangharsh se judein anek aan‍aadolan ki shuruaat bhi yaheen se hui thi. oon ki bunaai ke liye bhi Ahmedabad kaafi prasiddh hai. iske saath hi Ahmedabad shahar vyaapaar aur vaanijya kendra ke roop mein bahut adhik viksit ho raha hai.

bhoogol

pashchim Bhaarat mein basa ye shahar, samudra se 174 fut ki oonchaai par sthit hai. shahar me do jheelein hain - kankariya aur vastraapur taalaab. saabaramati nadi ke garmi ke mausam mein sookh jaane ke kaaran, nadi ki jagah safed mitti rah jaati hai. baarish ke mahinon ke alaava poore saal garmi ka maahaul rahata hai. sabse uchch taapamaan 47 degree tak pahanchata hai aur kam se kam 5 degree thand ke samay.

prashaasan

Ahmedabad "nagarapaalika nigam" is shahar ke dekh rekh ka kaam sambhaalata hai aur kuchh bhaag auda sambhaalata hai.

paryatan

kaaainkariya jheel

is jheel ka nirmaan kutub-ud-deen ne 1451 isavi mein karavaaya tha. aaj ke samay mein Ahmedabad ke nivaasiyon ke beech yeh jagah sabse adhik prasiddh hai. is jheel ke chaaron or bahut hi khoobsoorat bageecha hai. jheel ke maghya mein bahut hi sundar dweep mahal hai. jahaan mugal kaal ke dauraan noorajahaan aur jahaangeer aksar ghoomane jaaya karte the.

haatheesinh jain mandir

sajaavat ke saath jatil nakkaashi is mandir ki pramukh visheshata hai. is mandir ka nirmaan safed sangamaramar par kiya gaya hai. haatheesinh jain mandir Ahmedabad ke pramukh jain mandiron mein se ek hai. is mandir ka nirmaan 19 veen shataabdi mein richjan marcheint ne kiya tha. is mandir ko unhonne jainon ke 15 vein guru dharmanaath ko samarpit kiya tha.

jaama masjid

jaama masjid ka nirmaan 1423 isavi mein kiya gaya. pashchim Bhaarat mein sthit yeh behad hi khoobsoorat masjid hai. yeh masjid behatareen kaareegari ka achha udaaharan prastut karta hai.

raani sipri masjid

ek anya khoobsoorat masjid jo raani sipri ke naam se jaani jaati hai. iska nirmaan Mehmood shaah begada ki raani ne 1514 isavi mein karavaaya tha. raani ki mrutyu hone ke baad unke shav ko yaheen par dafnaaya gaya tha.

Gandhi aashram

is aashram ki sthaapana mahaatma Gandhi ne 1915 isavi mein ki thi. yaheen se Gandhi ji ne daandi yaatra ki shurooaat ki thi. iske alaava yahaan pramukh bhaarateeya svatantrata aandolanon ki neenv bhi rakhi gayi.

keliko sangrahaalaya

is sangrahaalaya mein puraane aur aadhunik dhang ki bunaai ki kaareegari pradarshit ki gayi hai. iske alaava yahaan kuchh puraani bunaai machine bhi rakhi gayi hai. is sangrahaalaya mein sangrahit saamaan 17veen shataabdi se bhi pehle ke hain. iske atirikt yahaan bunaai se sambandhit ek pustakaalaya bhi maujood hai.

aavaagaman

yahaan jaane ke liye sabse uttam samay October se farabari tak ka hai. iske alaava nau dinon tak chalne vaale navaraatri utsav (October-November) mein bhi jaaya ja sakta hai.

havaai maarg-

yahaan sardaar vallabhabhaai Patel airport hai. yeh pramukh bhaarateeya shaharon ke saath saath videshon jaise, Colombo, mashakat, London aur New York ko bhi jodta hai.

rel maarg-

Ahmedabad station desh ke lagbhag sabhi pramukh s‍aateshanon se seedhe taur par juda hua hai.

sadak maarg-

Ahmedabad ki doori mum‍aabai se lagbhag 545 kilometer tatha dil‍aali se 873 kilometer hai. yahaan mum‍aabai se bas dvaara bhi jaaya ja sakta hai.

vyaapaar aur udyog

Ahmedabad ki lagbhag aadhi aabaadi sooti vastr udyog tatha anya laghu udyamon par aashrit hai.

shikshan sansthaan

Ahmedabad mein Gujarat vishvavidyaalaya (1949) aur laalabhaai dalapatabhaai Bhaarat vidya shodh sansthaan hain.

paryatan sthal

Ahmedabad mein ghoomane laayak kai sthal hain. inmein se kuchh aadhunik hain tatha kuchh pauraanik bhi hain.