Africa ka seeng

Africa ka seeng me aane vaale afreeki desh

Africa ka seeng, (somaali: Geeska Afrika, angreji: Horn of Africa, geej: የaaአaaፍaaሪaaካ ቀaaንaaድ, arabi: اaaلaaقaaرaaن اaaلaaأaaفaaرaaيaaقaaي) (vaikalpik roop se poorvottar Africa aur kabhi kabhi somaali praayadveep) poorvi Africa ka ek praayadveep hai jo arab saagar mein saikadon kilometer tak faila hai aur adan ki khaadi ke dakshini kinaare par sthit hai. maanachitr par iska svaroop ek seeng ke samaan lagta hai isi liye ise yeh naam diya gaya hai. yeh afreeki mahaadveep ka sabse poorvi vistaar hai. isko madhyayugeen kaal mein bilaad al barabar ("barabaron ki bhoomi")[1][2][3] kaha jaata tha. Africa ka seeng ke kshetr mein Eritrea, jibooti, ithiyopiya aur somaaliya jaise desh sthit hain.[4][5][6][7] iska kshetrafal lagbhag 2000000 kimee² (772200 varg meal) hai aur lagbhag 10.02 karod log yahaaain nivaas karte hain (ithiyopiya: 7.5 karod, somaaliya: 1.0 karod, Eritrea: 45 lakh aur jibooti: 7 lakh). ithiyopiya adhyayan aur somaali adhyayan ke antargat Africa ka seeng par kshetreeya adhyayan kiye gaye hain.

sandarbh

  1. J. D. Fage, Roland Oliver, Roland Anthony Oliver, The Cambridge History of Africa, (Cambridge University Press: 1977), p.190
  2. George Wynn Brereton Huntingford, Agatharchides, The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea: With Some Extracts from Agatharkhidēas "On the Erythraean Sea", (Hakluyt Society: 1980), p.83
  3. John I. Saeed, Somali - Volume 10 of London Oriental and African language library, (J. Benjamins: 1999), p. 250.
  4. Robert Stock, Africa South of the Sahara, Second Edition: A Geographical Interpretation, (The Guilford Press: 2004), p. 26
  5. Michael Hodd, East Africa Handbook, 7th Edition, (Passport Books: 2002), p. 21: "To the north are the countries of the Horn of Africa comprising Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti and Somalia."
  6. Encyclopaedia Britannica, inc, Jacob E. Safra, The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, (Encyclopaedia Britannica: 2002), p.61: "The northern mountainous area, known as the Horn of Africa, comprises Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Somalia."
  7. Sandra Fullerton Joireman, Institutional Change in the Horn of Africa, (Universal-Publishers: 1997), p.1: "The Horn of Africa encompasses the countries of Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti and Somalia. These countries share similar peoples, languages, and geographical endowments."