2012

2012 (MMXII) gregoriyn calendar ke ravivaar ko shuroo hone wala ek adhivrsh athva leep iyar hoga.
is varsh ko ganitjnya tyooring, computer ke agr-doot aur code -bhanjak, ki yaad mein unki sauveen varshagaanth par elan tyooring varsh naamit kiya gaya hai.[1]

anukram

pramukh ghatnaaen

January

  • January 13--22 - pehla winter yooth olampiks aastriya ke insabruk mein aayojit kiya gaya.
  • January 31 - 433 eros, doosra sabse bada pruthvi ka kareebi padaarth, record ke anusaar jiska aakaar (aakaar 13×a13×a33 ki.mi.) hai, pruthvi ke 0.1790 khagoleeya ikaai (2,67,78,019 kilometer; 1,66,39,090 meal) se gujara. NASA ne NEAR shoomekar dvaara 17-02-1996 ko shuroo kiye gaye jaanch ke saath eros ka adhyayan kiya.[2]


February

March

April

  • April 17 - sanyukt raajya America 50 saal ke baad yuddhakaaleen sena ka niyantran ganaraajya Korea ko saunp dega aur sanyukt sena kamaan ko bhang kar dega. sanyukt bal kamaan ke tahat ek ekeekrut kamaan ke bajaay do alag sainya kamaan (dakshin Korea aur sanyukt raajya America) yudghakaal ke dauraan Korea mein sanchaalan kareinge.



May


June


July

August

November


December

  • December 3 - bruhaspati vipreet mein hoga.
  • December 21 - UTC par 11:11 baje uttari golaarddh mein makar sankraanti tatha dakshini golaarddh mein kark sankraanti hogi.[4]
  • December 21 - mesoamerikn laung kaaunt calendar, khaaskar poorv-kolamabiyn maaya sabhyata ke dvaara prayog kiya gaya, apne is calendar ke vartamaan yug ke pauraanik srujan ki taareekh tak terah ba'k'toons (pratyek chakr mein 144,000 dinon ki avadhi) ka ek "mahaan chakr" poorn kar lega.[5] is din laung kaaunt diwas apne srujan par - aadhunik sanket mein 13.0.0.0.0 likha hai, jo proleptik gregoriyn calendar mein August 11, 3114 E.poo. ke samaan hai - 5125 saur varshon se kuchh adhik avadhi mein pehli baar doharaaya ja raha hai.[6] is chakr ki samaapti aur poorv srujan ka laung kaaunt samaapti diwas 1960 se, 2012 ke vibhinn kyaamat ki bhavishyavaaniyon ke kendra mein raha hai. shaikshanik anusandhaanakartaaon ne yeh nishkarsh naheen diya hai ki praacheen maaya ne swayam hi samay mein is masale par samaan mahatva sanlagn kiya hai.[7]
  • December 23 - GMT sahasanbandh[8] ke doosare sanskaran ka upayog kar laung kaaunt calendar mein terahavein ba'k'toon ki samaapti ki ek vaikalpik tithi nirdhaarit ki gayi hai jo kuchh maayaavaadi (maayaanist) shodhakartaaon dvaara samarthit hai.[9]
  • December 31 - kyoto protokaul samaapt ho jaaega.


agyaat tithiyaan

  • Ireland, enaalaug television prasaaran rok dega.
  • cheen kuaafoo antariksh yaan ko chhodega.
  • pliyeds (Pleiades), NASA ke ems anusandhaan kendra ke liye Intel aur SGI dvaara nirmit ek prastaavit super computer hai, jo 10 petaaflops (10 kvaadriliyn chal bindu aapareshanas prati second) ke choti pradarshan par pahunchane par poora ho jaayega.[10]
  • sekoya (Sequoia), raashtreeya parmaanu suraksha prashaasan ke liye IBM dvaara nirmit ek prastaavit super computer hai jo 20 petaaflops ke ek choti pradarshan par pahunchane par poora ho jaaega.[11]
  • novovoronejh parmaanu oorja sanyantr II (Novovoronezh Nuclear Power Plant II) se pehli ikaai ka vaanijyik parichaalan shuroo kiya jaayega.
  • sabse bada baandh-uchhed pariyojana ke roop Washington raajya mein 108 fut (33 mi) elvha baandh aur 210 fut (64 mi) glaains kainiyn baandh ko elvha nadi par se hata kar naya itihaas racha jaayega.
  • royal Australiaee nausena dvaara sanchaalit kiye jaane vaale ab tak ke sabse bade jahaaj, Canberra class halke vimaan vaahak/bade gativaan pot, seva mein shaamil ho jaayeinge.
  • soorya par, 11 varsh ke sooryakalank chakr mein saur chakr 24 ke saur adhiktam ghatit hone ka poorvaanumaan hai. saur chakr 24 ka, January 2008 mein shuroo hona maana jaata hai aur ausatan 2012 ke aaspaas adhiktam sooryakalank gatividhi apni charam seema tak pahunch jaayega. lagaataar saur maiksima (solar maxima) ausat ke beech ki avadhi 11 varsh (Schwabe chakr) aur saur chakr 23 ke pichhle saur adhiktam 2000-2002 mein hui.[12] saur maiksimm ke dauraan soorya ke chunbakeeya dhruv vipreet ho jaayeinge.[13]
  • United Kingdom 5 varshon mein, meridiyn prasaaran, ITV London, taain tees television aur UTV (sabse ant mein isi kshetr ka prasaaran band hoga) ke saath, enaalaug television prasaaran band karne ka kaarya kshetr dar kshetr poora kar lega.[14]* Portugal bhi 4 varsh ke sahkaalik dijeetal prasaaran ke baad enaalaug television prasaaran band kar dega. uske baad, DVB prasaaran hi television (DVB-C kebal ke liye, DVB-T teresatriyl, paarthiv, ke liye aur DVB-S upagrah ke liye prayukt hua hai) mein prayukt hone waali ekamaatr pranaali hogi. terestriyl network par paanch free-too-air channelon ka bhi 24 ghante ka prasaaran atyadhik unnat (haai-definishn) roop mein kiya jaayega.

kalpana mein 2012


pramukh dhaarmik chhuttiyaan


tippaniyaan (nots)

  1. http://www.turingcentenary.eu
  2. niyr arth objekt faikt sheet
  3. homapej - London 2012
  4. United States Naval Observatory (2007-01-28). "Earth's Seasons: Equinoxes, Solstices, Perihelion, and Aphelion, 2000-2020". http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/EarthSeasons.php.
  5. laung kaaunt aur pashchimi calendar ke sah-sambandh ki ganana gudamain-maartinej-thompsan (GMT) ke ek sanskaran ka upayog kar ki gayi hai jismein pauraanik srujan diwas jooliyn de number (JDN)=584283 se mel khaati hai. 1930 ke dashak mein apne shodhan ke kaaran GMT sah-sambandh maayaanist vidvaanon dvaara sabse pasandeeda ban gaya hai. dekhein hauusatan et al. (2000, prushth sankhya 234)
  6. dekhein finle (2002), hauusatan (1989, prushth 49-51), Miller aur taaube (1993, prushth 50-52), vos (2006, prushth 138), vaagner (2006, prushth 281 -283). dhyaan dein ki hauusatan 1989 mein galati se "3114 E.poo." ya "3113 E.poo." (khagoleeya varsh sankhyaankan) ke bajaay "3113 E.poo." rah gaya hai. 1993 ke Miller aur taaube mein "2 August" ka ullekh ek (anumaanit) eraatam hai.
  7. shele aur fridel (1990)
  8. is sanskaran mein, saamaanyataya GMT+2, thompsan, khagoleeya, ya laaoonsbari (Lounsbury) sah-sambandh ke naam se jaana jaata hai, laung kaaunt ke shoonya ya aadhaarbhoot taareekh JDN=584285 par sthir ki jaati hai.
  9. floyad laaoonsbari dvaara pratipaadit ek sanshodhit prastaav ke pashchaat; jin sootron ne is sah-sambandh ka istemaal kiya hai uname hauusatan (1989, prushth 51) aur vishesh roop se shele aur fridel (1990, prushth 430 et seq.) shaamil hain.
  10. suparakanpyootar ko 'atyadhik shaktishaali banaane hetu' NASA, Intel, SGI pariyojanaayein
  11. 20-petaaflaup sarkaari suparakanpyootar ke liye IBM ki saraahana
  12. Phillips, Tony (10 January 2008). "Solar Cycle 24 Begins". Science@NASA. NASA. http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2008/10jan_solarcycle24.htm. abhigman tithi: 2009-04-06.
  13. "The Sun Does a Flip". Science@NASA. NASA. 15 fravari 2001. http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2001/ast15feb_1.htm. abhigman tithi: 2009-04-06.
  14. dijeetal TV mein kaayaapalat kab hoga?vibhinn kshetr aur taareekhein


sandarbh


saaaincha:Ref indent-end