lok sabha

Bhaarat
Emblem of India.svg

yeh lekh yeh shreni ke sambandh mein hai:

Bhaarat ki raajaneeti


kendra sarkaar

samvidhaan

kaaryakaarini

vidhaayika

nyaayapaalika

sthaaneeya

bhaarateeya aamachunaav


anya desh • praveshadvaar:raajaneeti
praveshadvaar:Bhaarat sarkaar
dekhein samvaad sanpaadan


lok sabha, bhaarateeya sansad ka nichla sadan hai. bhaarateeya sansad ka oopari sadan raajya sabha hai. lok sabha saarvabhaumik vayask mataadhikaar ke aadhaar par logon dvaara pratyaksh chunaav dvaara chune hue pratinidhiyon se gathit hoti hai. bhaarateeya samvidhaan ke anusaar sadan mein sadasyon ki adhiktam sankhya 552 tak ho sakti hai, jismein se 530 sadasya vibhinn raajyon ka aur 20 sadasya tak kendra shaasit pradeshon ka pratinidhitv kar sakte hain. sadan mein paryaapt pratinidhitv naheen hone ki sthiti mein Bhaarat ka raashtrapati yadi chaahe to aangl-bhaarateeya samudaaya ke do pratinidhiyon ko Loksabha ke liye manoneet kar sakta hai.

Loksabha ki kaaryaavadhi 5 varsh hai parantu ise samay se poorv bhang kiya ja sakta hai

anukram

itihaas

pratham lok sabha 1952 pehle aam chunaav hone ke baad desh ko apni pehli lok sabha mili. bhaarateeya raashtreeya Congress 245 seaton ke saath jeet haasil karke satta mein pahuainchi. iske saath hi Jawahar laal Nehru Bhaarat ke pehle pradhaanamantri bane.

raajyon ke anusaar seaton ki sankhya

Bhaarat ke pratyek raajya ko usaki janasankhya ke aadhaar par Loksabha-sadasya milte hai. vartamaan me yeh 1991ki janasankhya par aadhaarit hai. agali baar Loksabha ke sadasyon ki sankhya varsh 2026 me nirdhaarit kiya jaayega. isse pehle pratyek dashak ki janaganana ke aadhaar par sadasya sthaan nirdhaarit hote the. yeh kaarya bakaayada 84vein samvidhaan sanshodhan se kiya gaya tha taaki raajya apni aabaadi ke aadhaar par jyaada se jyaada sthaan praapt karne ka prayaas nahi karein.

vartamaan paripekshya mein raajyon ki janasankhya ke anusaar vitrit seaton ki sankhya ke anusaar uttar Bhaarat ka pratinidhitv, dakshin Bhaarat ke mukaabale kaafi kam hai. jahaan dakshin ke chaar raajyon, Tamil Nadu, Andhra pradesh, Karnataka aur Kerala ko jinki sanyukt janasankhya desh ki janasankhya ka sirf 21% hai, ko 129 lok sabha ki seatein aavantit ki gayi hain jabki, sabse adhik janasankhya vaale hindi bhaashi raajya uttar pradesh aur Bihar jinki sanyukt janasankhya desh ki janasankhya ka 25.1% hai ke khaate mein sirf 120 seatein hi aati hain.[1] vartamaan mein adhyaksh aur aangl-bhaarateeya samudaaya ke do manoneet sadasyon ko milaakar, sadan ki sadasya sankhya 544 hai.[2]

lok sabha ki seatein nimnaanusaar 29 raajyon aur 7 kendra shaasit pradeshon ke beech vibhaajit hai: -

upavibhaajan prakaar nirvaachan kshetron ki sankhya[3]
andamaan aur nikobaar dveepasamooh kendra shaasit pradesh 1
aandhr pradesh raajya 25
arunaachal pradesh raajya 2
asam raajya 14
Bihar raajya 40
Chandigarh kendra shaasit pradesh 1
Chhattisgarh raajya 11
daadara aur nagar haveli kendra shaasit pradesh 1
daman aur deev kendra shaasit pradesh 1
Delhi kendra shaasit pradesh 7
Goa raajya 2
Gujarat raajya 26
Haryana raajya 10
Himachal pradesh raajya 4
Jammu aur Kashmir raajya 6
Jharkhand raajya 14
Karnataka raajya 28
Kerala raajya 20
lakshadveep kendra shaasit pradesh 1
madhya pradesh raajya 29
Maharashtra raajya 48
manipur raajya 2
meghaalaya raajya 2
mijoram raajya 1
naagaalaind raajya 1
udeesa raajya 21
puduchcheri kendra shaasit pradesh 1
Punjab raajya 13
Rajasthan raajya 25
sikkim raajya 1
tamil naadu raajya 39
tripura raajya 2
uttaraakhand raajya 5
uttar pradesh raajya 80
pashchim Bengal raajya 42

|telangaana||raajya|| 17 |} aangl-bhaarateeya (2, agar raashtrapati manoneet kare (samvidhaan ke anuchhed 331 ke tahat))

lok sabha ka kaaryakaal

yadi samay se pehle bhang na kiya jaaye to, lok sabha ka kaaryakaal apni pehli baithak se lekar agale paaainch varsh tak hota hai uske baad yeh svat: bhang ho jaati hai. lok sabha ke kaaryakaal ke dauraan yadi aapaatakaal ki ghoshana ki jaati hai to sansad ko iska kaaryakaal kaanoon ke dvaara ek samay mein adhiktam ek varsh tak badhaane ka adhikaar hai, jabki aapaatakaal ki ghoshana samaapt hone ki sthiti mein ise kisi bhi paristhiti mein chh: maheene se adhik naheen badhaaya ja sakta.

Loksabha ki vishesh shaktiyaaain

  1. mantri parishad keval Loksabha ke prati uttaradaayi hai. avishvaas prastaav sarkaar ke virooddh keval yaheen laaya ja sakta hai.
  2. dhan bill paarit karne me yeh nirnaayak sadan hai.
  3. raashtreeya aapaatakaal ko jaari rakhane wala prastaav keval Loksabha me laaya aur paas kiya jaayega.

Loksabha ke padaadhikaari

Loksabha adhyaksh (speaker)

Loksabha apne nirvaachit sadasyon mein se ek sadasya ko apne adhyaksh (speaker) ke roop mein chunati hai, jise adhyaksh kaha jaata hai. kaarya sanchaalan mein adhyaksh ki sahaayata upaadhyaksh dvaara ki jaati hai, jiska chunaav bhi lok sabha ke nirvaachit sadasya karte hain. lok sabha mein kaarya sanchaalan ka uttaradaayitv adhyaksh ka hota hai.

Loksabha ka adhyaksh hota hai iska chunaav Loksabha sadasya apne madhya me se karte hai. Loksabha adhyaksh ke do kaarya hai-
1. Loksabha ki adhyakshata karna us me anusaashan garima tatha pratishta banaaye rakhana is kaarya hetu vah kisi nyaayaalaya ke saamane uttaradaayi nahi hota hai

2. vah Loksabha se sanlagn sachivaalaya ka prashaasanik adhyaksh hota hai kintu is bhoomika ke roop me vah nyaayaalaya ke samaksh uttaradaayi hoga

speaker ki vishesh shaktiyaaain
1. dono sadanau ka sammilit satr bulaane par speaker hi usaka adhyaksh hoga uske anuupasthit hone par upaspeekar tatha uske bhi na hone par Rajyasabha ka upasabhaapati athva satr dvaara naanmaakit koi bhi sadasya satr ka adhyaksh hota hai

2. dhan bill ka nirdhaaran speaker karta hai yadi dhan bill pe speaker saakshyaankit nahi karta to vah dhan bill hi nahi maana jaayega usaka nirdhaaran antim tatha baadhyakaari hoga

3. sabhi sansadeeya samitiyaaain usaki adheenata me kaam karti hai uske kisi samiti ka sadasya chune jaane par vah usaka paden adhyaksh hoga

4. Loksabha ke vightan hone par bhi usaka pratinidhitv karne ke liye speaker pad par kaarya karta rahata hai naveen Loksabha chune jaane par vah apna pad chhod deta hai

kaaryavaahak adhyaksh (speaker protem)

jab koi naveen Loksabha chuni jaati hai tab raashtrapati us sadasya ko kaaryavaahak speaker niyukt karta hai jisko sansad me sadasya hone ka sabse lamba anubhav hota hai. vah raashtrapati dvaara shapath grahan karta hai.
uske do kaarya hote hai
1. sansad sadasyau ko shapath dilvaana
2. naveen speaker chunaav prakriya ka adhyaksh bhi vahi banta hai.

upaadhyaksh

Loksabha ke satr

samvidhaan ke anuchhed 85 ke anusaar sansad sadaiv is tarah se aayojit ki jaati rahegi ki sansad ke do satrau ke madhya 6 maas se adhik antar na ho. panraparaanusaar sansad teen niyamit satron tatha vishesh satron me aayojit ki jaati hai. satron ka aayojan raashtrapati ki vigyapti se hota hai.

1. bajat satr varsh ka pehla satr hota hai saamaanyat February May ke madhya chalta hai yeh sabse lamba tatha mahatvapoorn satr maana jaata hai isi satr me bajat prastaavit tatha paarit hota hai satr ke praanrabh me raashtrapati ka abhibhaashan hota hai

2. monsoon satr July August ke madhya hota hai

3. sharad satr November-December ke madhya hota hai sabse kam samayaavadhi ka satr hota hai

vishesh satr – is ke do bhed hai

  • 1. sansad ke vishesh satr.
  • 2. Loksabha ke vishesh satr

sansad ke vishesh satr – mantri parishad ki salaah par raashtrapati inka aayojan karta hai ye kisi niyamit satr ke madhya athva usase pruthak aayojit kiye jaate hai
ek vishesh satr me koi vishesh kaarya charchit tatha paarit kiya jaata hai yadi sadan chaahe bhi to anya kaarya nahi kar sakta hai

Loksabha ka vishesh satr – anu 352 me iska varnan hai kintu ise 44 vein sanshodhan 1978 se sthaapit kiya gaya hai yadi
Loksabha ke kam se kam 1/10 sadsya ek prastaav laate hai jisme raashtreeya aapaatakaal ko jaari na rakhane
ki baat kahi gayi hai to notice dene ke 14 din ke bheetar satr bulaaya jaayega

satraavasaan – mantriprishd ki salaah pe sadanau ka satraavasaan raashtrapati karta hai isame sansad ka ek satr samaapt
ho jaata hai tatha sansad dubaara tabhi satr kar sakti hai jab raashtrapati satraanrabh ka samman jaari kar de satraavasaan ki dasha me sansad ke
samaksh lambit kaarya samaapt nahi ho jaate hai

sthagan – kisi sadan ke sabhaapati dvaara satr ke madhya ek laghuvadhi ka antaraal laaya jaata hai is se
satr samaapt nahi ho jaata na uske samaksh lambit kaarya samaapt ho jaate hai yeh do prakaar ka hota hai

  • 1. anishchit kaaleen
  • 2. jab agali meetig ka samay de diya jaata hai

Loksabha ka vightan— raashtrapati dvaara mantri parishd ki salaah par kiya hai. isse Loksabha ka jeevan samaapt ho jaata hai. iske baad aamachunaav hi hote hai. vightan ke baad sabhi lambit kaarya jo Loksabha ke samaksh hote hai samaapt ho jaate hai kintu bill jo Rajyasabha me laaye gaye ho aur vahi lambit hote hai samaapt nahi hote ya ya bill jo raashtrapati ke saamane vichaaraadheen ho ve bhi samaapat nahi hote hai ya raashtrapati sansad ke donau sadanau ki Loksabha vightan se poorv sanyukt baithak bula le.

vidhaayika sambandhi kaaryavaahi

prakriyaabil/vidheyak kul 4 prakaar hote hai

saamaanya bill

iski 6 visheshataaeain hai
1. paribhaashit ho
2. raashtrapati ki anumati ho
3. bill kahaaain prastaavit ho
4. sadan ki vishesh shaktiyau me aata ho
5.kitna bahumat chaahiye
6. gativrodh paida hona
yeh vah vidheyak hota hai jo samvidhaan sanshodhan dhan ya vitt vidheyak nahi hai yeh sansad ke kisi bhi sadan me laaya ja sakta hai yadi anuchhed 3 se juda na ho to isko raashtrapti ki anunshasa bhi nahi chaahiye
is bill ko paarit karne me dono sadanau ki vidhaayi shaktiyaaain baraabar hoti hai ise paarit karne me saamaanya bahumat
chaahiye ek sadan dvaara asveekrut kar dene pe yadi gativrodh paida ho jaaye to raashtrapati dono sadnau ki sanyukt baithak mantri parishad ki
salaah par bula leta hai
raashtrapati ke samaksh yeh vidheyak aane par vah is ko sansad ko vaapas bhej sakta hai ya sveekruti de sakta hai ya anischit kaal hetu rok sakta hai

dhan bill

vidheyak jo poornat: ek ya adhik maamalau jinka varnan anuchhed 110 me kiya gaya ho se juda ho dhan bill kahalaata hai ye maamalein hai
1. kisi kar ko lagaana, hataana, niyman
2. dhan udhaar lena ya koi vitteya jimmedaari jo Bhaarat sarkaar le
3. Bhaarat ki aapaat/sanchit nidhi se dhan ki nikaasi/jama karna
4.sanchit nidhi ki dhan maatra ka nirdhaaran
5. aise vyaya jinhein Bhaarat ki sanchit nidhi pe bhaarit ghoshit karna ho
6. sanchit nidhi me dhan nikaalne ki sveekruti lena
7. aisa koi maamala lena jo is sabse bhinn ho
dhan bill keval Loksabha me prastaavit kiye ja sakte hai ise laane se poorv raashtrapati ki sveekruti aavashayk hai inhein paas karne ke liye sadan ka saamaanya bahumat aavashyak hota hai
dhan bill me na to raajya sabha sanshodhan kar sakti hai na asveekaar
jab koi dhan bill Loksabha paarit karti hai to speaker ke pramaanan ke saath yeh bill Rajyasabha me le jaaya jaata hai Rajyasabha is
bill ko paarit kar sakti hai ya 14 din ke liye rok sakti hai kintu us ke baad yeh bill donau
sadanau dvaara paarit maana jaayega raajya sabha dvaara sujhaaya koi bhi sanshodhan lok sabha ki ichha pe nirbhar karega ki vo sveekaar kare
ya na kare jab is bill ko raashtrapati ke paas bheja jaayega to vah sadaiv ise sveekruti de dega
faayanesiyl bill vah vidheyak jo ek ya adhik maneebil praavadhaanau se pruthak ho tatha gair mani maamalau se bhi sanbadhit ho ek finance vidheyak me dhan praavadhaanau ke saath saath saamaanya vidhaayan se jude maamale bhi hote hai is prakaar ke vidheyak ko paarit karne ki shakti dono sadanau me samaan hoti

samvidhaan sanshodhan vidheyak

anu 368 ke antargat prastaavit bill jo ki samvidhaan ke ek ya adhik prastaavau ko sanshodhit karna chaahata hai sanshodhan bill kahalaata hai yeh kisi bhi sansad sadan me bina raashtrapati ki sveekruti ke laaya ja sakta hai is vidheyak ko sadan dvaara kul upasthit sadasyau ki 2/3 sankhya tatha sadan ke kul bahumat dvaara hi paas kiya jaayega doosra sadan bhi ise isi prakaar paarit karega kintu is vidheyak ko sadanau ke pruthak sammelan me paarit kiya jaayega gatirodh aane ki dasha me jaisa ki saamaanya vidheyak ki sthiti me hota hai sadanau ki sanyukt baithak nahi bulaayi jaayegi 24 ve samvidhaan sanshodhan 1971 ke baad se yeh anivaarya kar diya gaya hai ki raashtrapati is bill ko apni sveekruti de hi de

vidheyak paarit karne me aaya gatirodh

jab sansad ke donau sadanau ke madhya bill ko paas karne se sambandhit vivaad ho ya jab ek sadan dvaara paarit bill ko doosra asveekrut kar de ya is tarah ke sanshodhan kar de jise mool sadan asveekar kar de ya ise 6 maas tak roke rakhe tab sadanau ke madhya gativrodh ki sthiti janm leti hai anu 108 ke anusaar raashtrapati is dasha me donau sadanau ki sanyukt baithak bula lega jisme saamaanya bahumat se faisala ho jaayega ab tak maatr teen avasarau pe is prakaar ki baithak bulaayi gayi hai
1. dahej nishedh act 1961
2.bainkig seva niyojan sanshodhan act 1978
3.pota act 2002
sanshodhan ke virooddh suraksha upaaya 1. nyaayik punareeksha ka paatr hai
2.samvidhaan ke mool dhaanche ke virooddh na ho
3. sansad ki sanshodhan shakti ke bheetar aata ho
4. samvidhaan ki sarvochchata, vidhi ka shaasan teenau ango ka santulan bana rahe
5. sangh ke dhaaainche se juda hone par aadhe raajyau ki vidhaayika se sveekruti mile
6. gathabandhan raajaneeti bhi samvidhaan sanshodhan ke virooddh prabhaavi suraksha upaaya deti hai kyonki ekadaleeya poorn bahumat ke din samaapt ho chuke

adhyaadesh jaari karna

anu 123 raashtrapati ko adhyaadesh jaari karne ki shakti deta hai yeh tab jaari hoga jab raashtrapati santusht ho jaaye ki paristhitiyaaain aisi ho ki turant kaaryavaahi karne ki jaroorat hai tatha sansad ka 1 ya donau sadan satr me nahi hai to vah adhyaadesh jaari kar sakta hai yeh adhyaadesh sansad ke punasatr ke 6 saptaah ke bheetar apna prabhaav kho dega yadhapi dono sadanau dvaara sveekruti dene par yeh jaari rahega

yeh shakti bhi nyaayaalaya dvaara punareekshan ki paatr hai kintu shakti ke galat prayog ya durbhaavana ko siddh karne ka kaarya us vyakti pe hoga jo ise chunauti de adhyaadesh jaari karne hetu sansad ka satraavasaan karna bhi uchit ho sakta hai kyauki adhyaadesh ki jaroorat turant ho sakti hai jabki sansad koi bhi adhiniyam paarit karne me samay leti hai adhyaadesh ko ham asthaai vidhi maan sakte hai yeh raashtrapati ki vidhaayika shakti ke andar aata hai na ki kaaryapaalika vaise ye kaarya bhi vah mantriprishd ki salaah se karta hai yadi kabhi sansad kisi adhyaadesh ko asveekaar de to vah nasht bhale hi ho jaaye kintu uske antargat kiye gaye kaarya avaidhaanik nahi ho jaate hai raashtrapati ki adhyaadesh jaari karne ki shakti pe niyantran

  • 1. pratyek jaari kiya hua adhyaadesh sansad ke dono sadano dvaara unke satr shuru hone ke 6 hafte ke bheetar sveekrut karavaana hoga is prakaar koi adhyaadesh sansad ki sveekruti ke bina 6 maas + 6 saptaah se adhik nahi chal sakta hai
  • 2. Loksabha ek adhyaadesh ko asveekrut karne wala prastaav 6 saptaah ki avadhi samaapt hone se poorv paas kar sakti hai
  • 3. raashtrapati ka adhyaadesh nyaayik sameeksha ka vishy hai

sansad me raashtrapati ka abhibhaashan

yeh sadaiv mantriprishd taiyaar karti hai. yeh sivaaya sarkaari neetiyon ki ghoshana ke kuchh nahi hota hai. satr ke ant me is par dhanyavaad prastaav paarit kiya jaata hai. yadi Loksabha me yeh prastaav paarit nahi ho paata hai to yeh sarkaar ki neetigat paraajaya maani jaati hai tatha sarkaar ko turant apna bahumat siddh karna padata hai. sansad ke pratyek varsh ke pratham satr me tatha Loksabha chunaav ke turant pashchaat donau sadanau ki sammilit baithak ko raashtrapati sambodhit karta hai. yeh sambodhan varsh ke pratham satr ka parichaayak hai. in sayunkt baithakon ka sabhaapati khud raashtrapati hota hai
abhibhaashan me sarkaar ki upalabdhiyau tatha neetiyau ka varnan tatha sameeksha hoti hai (jo pichhle varsh me hui thi) aatanrik samasyaaon se judi neetiyaaain bhi isi me ghoshit hoti hai. prastaavit vidhaayika kaaryavaahiya jo ki sansad ke saamane us varsh ke satrau me laani ho ka varnan bhi abhibhaashan me hota hai. abhibhaashan ke baad dono sadn pruthak baithak karke us par charcha karte hai jise paryaapat samay diya jaata hai

vitt vyavastha par sansad ka niyantran

anu 265 ke anusaar koi bhi kar kaaryapaalika dvaara bina vidhi ke adhikaar ke na to aaropit kiya jaayega aur na hi vasoola jaayega. anu 266 ke anusaar Bhaarat ki samekit nidhi se koi dhan vyaya /jama bhaarit karne se poorv sansad ki sveekruti jaroori hai.
anu 112 ke anusaar raashtrapati Bhaarat sarkaar ke vaarshik vitteeya lekha ko sansad ke saamane rakhega yeh vitteeya lekha hi bajat hai<br /

bajat

bajat sarkaar ki aay vyaya ka vivran patra hai.
1. anumaanit aay vyaya jo ki Bhaarat sarkaar ne bhaavi varsh me karna ho
2. yeh bhaavi varsh ke vyaya ke liye raajasv ugaahane ka varnan karta hai
3. bajat me pichhle varsh ke vaastavik aay vyaya ka vivran hota hai
bajat saamaanyat vittamantri dvaara saamaanyat: February ke aakhri din Loksabha me prastut kiya jaata hai usi samay Rajyasabha me bhi bajat ke kaagajaat rakhe jaate hai yeh ek dhan bill hai.
bajat mein saamaanyat:-
1- pichhle varsh ke vaastavik anumaan,
2- vartamaan varsh ke sanshodhit anumaan,
3- aagaami varsh ke prastaavit anumaan
prastut kiye jaate hai. at: bajat ka sambandh 3 varsh ke aakado se hota hai.

katauti prastaav

—abajat prakriya ka hi bhaag hai keval Loksabha me prastut kiya jaata hai ye ve upakaran hai jo Loksabha sadasya kaaryapaalika pe niyantran hetu upayog laate hai ye anudaanau me katauti kar sakte hai iske teen prakaar hai

1.neeti sabandhi katauti--- is prastaav ka lkshya lekhaanudaan sambandhit neeti ki asveekruti hai yeh is roop me hoti hai '-------' maang ko kam kar maatr 1 rupaya kiya jaata hai yadi is prastaav ko paarit kar diya jaaye to yeh sarkaar ki neeti sambandhi paraajaya maani jaati hai use turant apna vishvaas siddh karna hota hai

2. kifaayati katauti--- Bhaarat sarkaar ke vyaya ko usaseema tak kam kar deti hai jo sansad ke mataanusaar kifaayati hogi yeh katauti sarkaar ki neetigat paraajaya naheen maani jaati hai

3. saanketik katauti--- in katauteeyon ka lkshya sansad sadasyau ki vishesh shikaayatein jo Bhaarat sarkaar se sambandhit hai ko niptaane hetu prayog hoti hai jiske antargat maange gaye dhan se maatr 100 Ru ki katauti ki jaati hai yeh katauti bhi neetigat paraajaya nahi maani jaati hai

lekhaanudaan (vote on account)

anu 116 is praavadhaan ka varnan karta hai iske anusaar Loksabha vote on account naamak taatkaalik upaaya prayog laati hai is upaaya dvaara vah Bhaarat sarkaar ko bhaavi vitteeya varsh me bhi tab tak vyaya karne ki chhoot deti hai jab tak bajat paarit nahi ho jaata hai yeh saamaanyat bajat ka ang hota hai kintu yadi mantriprishd ise hi paarit karavaana chaahe to yahi antarim bajat ban jaata hai jaisa ki 2004 me N.di.A. sarkaar ke antim bajat ke samay hua tha fir bajat nayi you.pi.A sarkaar ne pesh kiya tha
vote on kredit [pratyaanudaan] Loksabha kisi aise vyaya ke liye dhan de sakti hai jiska varnan kisi paimaane ya kisi seva mad me rakha ja sakna sambhav na ho masalan achaanak yuddh ho jaane pe us par vyaya hota hai use kis sheershak ke antargat rakhe?yeh Loksabha dvaara paarit khaali check maana ja sakta hai aaj tak ise prayog nahi kiya ja saka hai
jileteen prayog—asamayaabhaav ke chalte Loksabha sabhi mantraalayon ke vyayaanudaanau ko ek musht paas kar deti hai us par koi charcha nahi karti hai yahi jileteen prayog hai yeh sansad ke vitteeya niyantran ki durbalata dikhaata hai

sansad me laaye jaane vaale prastaav

avishvaas prastaav

Loksabha ke kriyaanvayan niymau me is prastaav ka varnan hai vipaksh yeh prastaav Loksabha me mantriprishd ke virooddh laata hai ise laane hetu Loksabha ke 50 sadsyau ka samarthan jaroori hai yeh sarkaar ke virooddh lagaaye jaane vaale aaropau ka varnan nahi karta hai keval yeh bataata hai ki sadan mantriprishd me vishvaas nahi karta hai ek baar prastut karne par yeh prastaav sivaaya dhanyavaad prastaav ke sabhi anya prastaavau par prabhaavi ho jaata hai is prastaav hetu paryaapt samay diya jaata hai is par charcha karte samay samast sarkaari krutyau neetiyau ki charcha ho sakti hai Loksabha dvaara prastaav paarit kar diye jaane par mantriprishd raashtrapati ko tyaag patra saunp deti hai sansad ke ek satr me ek se adhik avishvaas prastaav nahi laaye ja sakte hai

vishvaas prastaav--- Loksabha niymau me is prastaav ka koi varnan nahi hai yeh aavashyaktaanusaar utpann hua hai taaki mantriprishd apni satta siddh kar sake yeh sadaiv mantriprishd laati hai iske girjaane par use tyaag patra dena padata hai

ninda prastaav--- Loksabha me vipaksh yeh prastaav laakar sarkaar ki kisi vishesh neeti ka virodh/ninda karta hai ise laane hetu koi poorvaanumati jaroori nahi hai yadi Loksabha me paarit ho jaaye to mantriprishd nirdhaarit samay me vishvaas prastaav laakar apne sthaayitv ka parichay deti hai hai uske liye yeh anivaarya hai.

kaamaroko prastaav--- Loksabha me vipaksh yeh prastaav laata hai yeh ek adviteeya prastaav hai jisme sadan ki samast kaaryavaahi rok kar taatkaaleen jan mahtv ke kisi ek mudde ko uthaaya jaata hai prastaav paarit hone par sarkaar pe ninda prastaav ke samaan prabhaav chhodata hai.

sandarbh

yeh bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain