Singapore intaneshanal airlines

Singapore Airlines
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SQ
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SIA
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SINGAPORE
sthaapana 1947 (as Malayan Airways)
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bede ka aakaar 106 (+52 orders)
gantavya 61
company ka naara A Great Way To Fly
maatru company Temasek Holdings (54.5%)[1]
mukhyaalaya Singapore
pramukh vyakti Chew Choon Seng (CEO)
Goh Choon Phong (CEO-Designate)[2]
jaalasthal www.singaporeair.com
Singapore airlines ki imaarat

Singapore airlines limited (esaaaie) (malaya: Syarikat Penerbangan Singapura; cheeni : 新aa加aa坡aa航aa空aa公aa司; pinyin: Xīanjiāapō Háangkōang Gōangsī, sankshipt roop mein 新aa航; tamil: சaaிaaஙaa்aaகaaபaa்aaபaaூaaரaa் வaaாaaனaa்aaவaaழaaி) (saaaincha:Sgx) Singapore ka dhvaj vaahak hai. yeh vishv ki ek pramukh vaayuyaan seva hain. Singapore airlines changi havaai adde par ek hab (mahatvapoorn gatividhiyon ka kendra) ko sanchaalit karta hai aur dakshinpoorvi Asia, poorvi Asia, dakshin Asia aur "kangaaroo root" baajaaron mein iski ek saksham upasthiti hai. yeh company paar-prashaant (traans-pesifik) udaanon ka sanchaalan bhi karti hai, ismein duniya ki do sabse lambi naun-stop vyaavasaayik udaanein shaamil hain, ye udaanein eyarabas e340-500 par Singapore se nevaark aur los enjils tak jaati hain.[3][4]

Singapore airlines ne hi "suparajambo" eyarabas e380 ka udghaatan kiya. esaaaie ne airline se sambandhit vyaapaaron jaise eyarakraaft heindaling aur engineering ko bahut faila liya hai. iski poorn-svaamitv waali sahaayak company, silkaeyar, kam kshamata ki aavashyakta ke saath maadhyamik shaharon tak kshetreeya udaanon ka prabandhan karti hai.

sahaayak Singapore airlines kaargo esaaaie ke samarpit maalavaahak vimaan ka sanyachaalan karta hai aur esaaaie ke yaatri vimaanon mein maal vahan ki kshamata ka prabandhan karta hai. varjin etalaantik mein esaaaie ki 49% hissedaari (shareholding) hai aur yeh tiger eyaraves mein apni hissedaari ke maadhyam se kam laagat ke vaahak kshetr mein sanlagn hai. raajasv yaatri kilometer ke shabdon mein yeh duniya bhar ke choti ke 15 vaahakon mein se ek hai,[5] aur antarraashtreeya yaatri vahan ki drushti se duniya mein chhathe sthaan par hai.[6]

Singapore airlines vah airline hai jiski duniya mein sabse jyaada prashansa ki jaati hai aur forchyoon world ki 2010 ki sabse prashansit companyon ki ranking mein 27 vein sthaan par hai.[7][8]

iska sashakt brand naam hai[9] aur yeh vimaanan udyog mein, vishesh roop se navaachaar, suraksha aur sevaaon mein utkrushtata[10] ki drushti se udaaharan prastut karta hai,[11] saath hi nirantar laabh bhi praapt kar raha hai.[12] isne asankhya puraskaar jeete hain[13] aur vimaan ki khareed ke udyog mein pratham sthaan par hai.[14] yeh un chhah airlines mein se ek hai jinhein kethe pesifik (Cathay Pacific), asian airlines (Asiana Airlines), maleshiyn airlines (Malaysia Airlines), ktaar eyaravej (Qatar Airways) aur kingsafishr airlines (Kingfisher Airlines) ke saath skaaitreks ke dvaara 5 star rating se sammaanit kiya gaya hai.

anukram

itihaas

utpatti

ek eyaraspeed (VR-SCD) kaunsul - pehla vimaan jise malaayi Airways ke dvaara sanchaalit kiya gaya, jo Singapore airlines ka agradoot tha.

Singapore airlines ki shuruaat 12 October 1937 ko malaayi airlines (emaeel) ke samaavesh ke saath hui. iski shuruaat livrapool ki osheen steemaship company, Singapore ki strets steemaship company aur impeeriyl eyaravej ke dvaara ki gayi. is airline ki pehli udaan ek chaartard udaan thi jo 2 April 1947 ko Singapore ke british strets setalameint se kuaalaalampur tak gayi, ismein eyaraspeed kaunsul do engine vaale eyaraplen ka upayog kiya gaya. [15] iske turant baad 1 May 1947 se niyamit saaptaahik udaanein Singapore se kuaalaalampur, ipoh aur penaang jaane lageen, inmein isi prakaar ke eyarakraaft ka upayog kiya jaata tha.[16] 1940 ke shesh dashak mein aur 1950 ke dashak ke dauraan anya british Commonwealth airlines (jaise beeoesi aur kvaantaas empaayar eyaraves) ki tarah airline nirantar vistrut hoti rahi, isne takaneeki sahaayata pradaan ki aur aaieteee mein shaamil hone mein madad ki.[krupaya uddharan jodein] 1955 tak, malaayi Airways ke bede itne viksit ho chuke the ki inmein badi sankhya mein dagalas di si-3 (Douglas DC-3s) shaamil ho chuke the aur 1957 mein ye saarvajanik ho gaye. pehle do dashakon mein sanchaalit anya eyarakraaft mein dagalas deesi-4 skaaimaastar, the vikrs viskaaunt, the lokaheed 1049 super konsteleshan, the Bristol briteniya, the di hevilaind komet 4 aur fokar efa27 shaamil the.

jab malaaya, Singapore, saba aur saaraavaak ne 1963 mein Malaysia sangh (federation of Malaysia) ka nirmaan kiya, airline ka naam badal diya gaya, ise "malaai eyaravej" se badal kar "maleshiyn eyaravej" kar diya gaya. emaeel ne borniyo eyaravej ko bhi apne niyantran (take over) mein le liya. 1966 mein Singapore ke sangh se alag hone ke baad, airline ka naam fir se badal diya gaya, ise Malaysia-Singapore airline (emaesae) kar diya gaya. agale hi saal airline ke bede aur maargon mein teji se vistaar hua, ismein emaesae ke pehle boing eyarakraaft, boing 707 ko khreeda jaana shaamil tha aur saath hi Singapore mein nae uchch viksit hedakvaartars bhi poore kiye gaye. iske baad jald hi Boeing 737 ko bede mein shaamil kiya.

nigman aur vikaas

ek Singapore airlines Boeing 747-400, ne okalaind havaai adde, New Zealand mein megaataup ko dab kiya. megaatop 1989 se October 2007 mein eyarabas A 380 ke aane tak airline ka dhvaj vimaan tha

emaesae ne 1972 mein sanchaalan ko rok diya, jab Singapore aur Malaysia ke beech asahamati ke parinaamasvaroop do sansthaaon ka nirmaan hua: Singapore airlines aur maleshiyn airlines system.[17][18][19] Singapore airlines ne emaesae ke sabhi 10 boing 707 aur 737 apne paas rakhe, Singapore ke baahar antarraashtreeya root banaaye rakhe aur shahar mein upasthit koraporet hedakvaartar bhi banaaye rakhe, emaesae ke poorv sanyukt adhyaksh J. vaaya. pillai iske pehle cheyaraparsan ke roop mein niyukt kiye gaye. mahila udaan parichaarikaaon ne serong kebaaya vardi pahanana jaari rakha, jise sabse pehle 1968 mein shuroo kiya gaya tha. ek sthaaneeya roop se shuroo ki gayi vigyaapan company, bete eds ko airline ke vipnan ka adhikaar diya gaya, antat: serong aur kebaaya-klaid havaai parichaarikaaon ko airline ka aaikan chuna gaya aur unhein Singapore girls kaha gaya.

1970 ke dashak ke dauraan esaaaie mein bahut adhik vikaas hua, bhaarateeya upamahaadveep aur Asia mein shaharon ko joda gaya aur boing 747 ko iske bede mein joda gaya. tatkaaleen sanchaar mantri mistar yong nyook lin, ne 3 sitmbar 1973 somvaar ko 1600 ghante par paaya lebar airport mein pehle do esaaaie-boing 747 ke svaagat samaaroh mein kaha:

May I emphasise that SIA as an organisation will continue to succeed only so long as the men and women behind it will not relax but continue to work diligently, plan boldly, and strive for excellence in performance.[20]


1980 ke dashak mein sanyukt raajya America, Canada aur maadrid sahit Europeeya shaharon mein nayi sevaaen shuroo ki gayeen, jisse maadrid pehla hispainik shahar ban gaya jise esaaaie ke dvaara sevaaen di gayeen. boing 747-400 ko 1989 mein esaaaie ke bede mein joda gaya aur ise megaatops naam diya gaya. baad mein boing 777, eyarabas e310 aur eyarabas e340 inke poorak ban gaye. in sevaaon ko 1990 ke dashak mein dakshini Africa tak vistrut kiya gaya, jab airline ne dakshin Africa mein johaansabarg ke liye udaanein shuroo keen. iske baad root network ke liye kep taaun aur daraban ke shaharon ko shaamil kiya gaya.


aadhunik itihaas

2004 mein, esaaaie ne Singapore se los enjils aur nevaark ke liye naun-stop (kisi havaai adde par ruke bina udne vaale vimaan) paar-prashaant udaanein (trans-Pacific flights) shuroo keen, iske liye eyarabas e340-500 ka upayog kiya gaya. in udaanon mein pramukh thi Singapore aur sanyukt raajya America ke beech pehli naun-stop havaai seva. Singapore se nevaark ko jaane waali udaan ko sabse lambi vaanijyik udaan ke roop mein darj kiya gaya hai, jo har maarg par lagbhag 18 ghante ka udaan samay leti hai. Singapore airlines ne nevaark se los enjils ke root ke liye apne paanch eyarabas e340-500 eyarakraaft ko ek 64 business class/117 premium ikonomi class konfeegareshan se badal kar 100 seat ki sabhi business class konfeegareshan mein badal diya hai.[21]

22 fravari 2006 ko ek kebinet baithak mein, Australia ki sarkaar ne faisala liya ki Australia se sanyukt raajya America jaane waali udaanon par Singapore airlines ko paanchavaan svatantrata adhikaar naheen diya jaaega.[22] Singapore airlines ne tark diya tha ki Australia se jaane waali paar prashaant udaanon mein kshamata ki kami thi, jiske parinaamasvaroop pratispardha seemit ho gayi aur kiraaye apekshaakrut badh gaye.[22] yeh pratispardha ke badhne ke kaaran kvaantaas (Qantas) ko surakshit karne ke liye uthaaye jaane wala ek kadam tha.[23] esaaaie ne ateet mein isi prakaar ke surakshaavaadi kdamon ka saamana kiya tha jab air Canada se aane waali shikaayaton ke baad Toronto ke baajaar se esaaaie ko band kar diya gaya tha. aur garuda Indonesia ke virodh ke chalte is par boing 747-400 ki udaan ko Jakarta mein rokane ke liye dabaav daala gaya jab yeh poora karne ke liye isi tarah ke upakaranon ka upayog naheen kar saka. [24]


e380 (A380)

Singapore airlines eyarabas A380

29 September 2000 ko, esaaaie ne 25 eyarabas e3eksaeks (Airbus A3XX) (A 380 (A380) us samay isi naam se jaana jaata tha) ke liye order ki ghoshana ki. 8.6 billion ameriki dollar ke liye 10 eyarakraaft ka order diya gaya, jismein anya 15 eyarafrems ke vikalp bhi shaamil the.[25] is order ki pushti 12 July 2001 ko Singapore airlines ke dvaara ki gayi.

January 2005 mein, airline ne ek naara diya "A 380 ko udaane waali pehli airline-2006 mein ek alag anubhav paayein (First to Fly the A380 - Experience the Difference in 2006)", is naare ya slogan ke maadhyam se yeh airline A380-800 ki delivery lene waali pehli airline ke roop mein apna prachaar karna chaahati thi, jiski ummeed 2006 ki doosari timaahi mein ki ja rahi thi.[26]

June 2005 mein, eyarabas ne pushti ki ki apratyaashit takaneeki samasyaaon ke kaaran, eyarabas e380 ki praarambhik delivery mein chhah maah tak ki deri hogi,[27] ab pehli delivery ki ummeed November 2006 mein jataayi gayi. yeh ghoshana esaaaie ke mukhya kaaryakaari adhikaari, chyoo choon seing ke dvaara rosh ke saath ki gayi, jinhonne eyarabas ke khilaaf mukadama daayar karne ki dhamaki di, unhonne kaha:


Airbus took some time to acknowledge the delay in the timetable for the A380's entry into service...I would have expected more sincerity.[28]


unhonne aage kaha ki esaaaie iske bajaay ab boing par dhyaan dega, choonki e380 se pehle yeh boing 777-300 iaar (Boeing 777-300ER) praapt karega. fir bhi, esaaaie ne yeh sanket diya hai ki yeh iske prachaar abhiyaan ko prabhaavit naheen karega.

February 2006 mein, pehle e380 ko poori tarah se Singapore airlines ke rang roop mein Singapore tak udaaya gaya, jahaan asian erospes 2006 mein iska pradarshan kiya gaya. 14 June 2006 ko, Singapore airlines ne apne bhaavi eyarakraaft vistaar ke hisse ke roop mein boing 787 ke liye ek praarambhik order daala. is mein 20 787-9 ka order diya gaya aur atirikt 20 ke adhikaar bhi ismein shaamil the. jab eyarabas ne ghoshana ki ki e380 suparajambo mein 6 maah ki deri hogi, iske ek din baad hi yeh order diya gaya.

teesari baar fir se deri ki ghoshana 3 October 2006 ko ki gayi, jismein pehle e380 ki praarambhik delivery ko October 2007 tak sthagit kar diya gaya. [29]


25 October 2007 ko, pehli vaanijyik e380 seva, udaan sankhya esakyoo 380,[30] mein 455 yaatriyon ne Singapore se Sydney tak udaan bhari, isne sthaaneeya samay 3:24 pm par Sydney havaai adde ki bhoomi ko chhuaa, jahaan isne media ko bahut aakarshit kiya.[31] airline ne agale din Sydney mein ek samaaroh mein is udaan se praapt sampoorn raajasv ko teen cheritiyon ko daan kar diya. esaaaie ne 28 October 2007 ko e380 ke saath apni niyamit sevaaen shuroo kar Dean.

ab e380 Sydney (31 October se pratidin do)[32], tokiyo, peris, hong kong, melaborn, Zurich ke liye dainik udaanon ka aur landan ke liye dohari dainik udaanon ka sanchaalan karta hai. Singapore airlines ne 23 se 28 April 2010 ke beech kuchh hi samay ke liye Singapore aur landan ke beech ek aitihaasik e380 udaan ka sanchaalan kiya, yeh ek din mein teen baar chalaayi jaati thi, ise kuchh hi din pehle hue 2010 ke ijaafajaalaajokul (Eyjafjallajöakull) ke visfot ke kaaran fans gaye yaatriyon ke liye chalaaya gaya tha.

bede mein katauti

16 fravari 2009 ko airline ne ghoshana ki ki April 2009 aur March 2010 ke beech iske bede mein se 17 vimaanon ki katauti ki jaayegi, taaki kaargo ki maang ko poora karne ke liye aur kaauntar par aane vaale yaatriyon ki madad karne ke liye laagat mein bachat ki ja sake, mool roop se keval chaar vimaanon ko baahar karne ki yojana banaayi gayi thi. airline ne kaha ki yeh pehle se order kiye ja chuke vimaanon ki delivery mein deri se inkaar naheen kar sakta.[33][34]


korporet prabandhan

yeh airline Singapore sarkaari nivesh aur holding company temaasek holdings ki ek sahaayak company hai[35] jiske paas voting stock ka 54.5% hissa hai.[1] Singapore sarkaar ke paas vitt mantraalaya ke maadhyam se ek bada hissa hai, ne company ke prabandhan mein iski gair-bhaageedaari par niyamit roop se bal diya hai. mantri aur anubhavi salaahakaar li kuaan you ne is bindu par bal diya, jab unhonne ghoshana ki ki Singapore changi havaai adde ki vimaanan hab sthiti ko, esaaaie ki laagat par bhi surakshit rakha jaaega.[36] haalaanki, ve company aur iske piloton ke beech tanaav ko kam karne mein vyaktigat roop se shaamil the,[37] unhonne airline ko kharche kam karne ke liye chetaavani di,[38] tatha eyaralaains ko us ki sahaayak sansthaaon se ughaadne ki un ki salaah ko prasiddh kiya.[39]

fir bhi, svatantr anusandhaan ke anusaar airline praaroopik roop se raashtreeya viniymanon ke anusaar drudh korporet prashaasan neetiyon ka anusaran karta hai.[40] 2 October 2007 ko sanyukt raashtra ke saath open skaais samjhaute (Open Skies Agreement) ke nishkarsh ke parinaamasvaroop, Singapore vimaanan adhikaariyon ne airline ki lekhaapareekshit vaarshik report ke sandarbh mein is dhaarana ko door kiya ki esaaaie sarkaar se judi hui ek company (Government-linked company) hone ke baavajood, sarkaar se raajya vitt poshan, subsidy ya adhimaanya upachaar praapt karti hai.[41] Singapore airlines ka mukhyaalaya airline house mein hai, jise Singapore ke changi kshetr mein changi havaai adde ke dvaara banaaya gaya hai.[42]

sanrachana

Singapore airlines ground haindaling, eyarakraaft ko patte par dene (leasing), vimaanan abhiyaantriki, air ketaring aur yaatra parichaalan sahit kshetron aur sambandhit vividh udyogon se bhi juda hua hai. isne ek yaatri airline ke roop mein apne kendreeya vyaapaar ko bhali prakaar se banaaye rakhane ke liye, parichaalan ikaaiyon ko poorn svaamitv waali sahaayak companyon ke roop mein gathit karke, apne aap ko punargathit kiya hai. Singapore airlines samooh mein, 31 March 2007 ko samaapt hone vaale vitteeya varsh mein 25 sahaayak companiyaan, 32 sambaddh companiyaan aur do sanyukt udyam companiyaan shaamil theen. esaaaie (SIA) ne ek sanyukt udyam, Singapore eyarakraaft leejing entarapraaij mein 35.5% ke apne sabhi ikviti share ko, 15 December 2006 ko bank of China ko 980m ameriki dollar ke liye bech diya. [43] haal hi mein salaah di gayi hai ki esaaaie ki do sabse badi sahaayak companyon, esaaaie engineering company (SIA Engineering Company) aur Singapore airport terminal sarvisej (Singapore Airport Terminal Services) ko alag kar diya jaaye. mantri aur anubhavi salaahakaar li kuaan you, ne December 2005 mein aavaaj uthaayi ki Singapore airline ko in do companyon ko chhod dena chaahiye taaki yeh havaai parivhan ke apne kendreeya vyaapaar par dhyaan kendrit kar paae.[44] haalaanki Singapore airlines ne in companyon ko chhod dene ke is avsar ka moolyaaङakan kiya hai, fir bhi ab tak aisi kisi yojana ki ghoshana naheen ki gayi hai.[45]


Singapore airlines samooh mein shaamil pramukh companiyaan hain:

prakaar mukhya gatividhiyaan mein shaamil samooh ki ikviti share holding
(31 March 2007)
intaranaishanal engine kamponeint ovarahaal private limited sanyukt udyam vimaan ki marammat Singapore 41%
esaaaie engineering company limited sahaayak engineering Singapore 81.9%
silkaeyar (Singapore) private limited sahaayak airline Singapore 100%
Singapore aero engine sarvises private limited sanyukt udyam engine ki marammat Singapore 41%
Singapore airlines kaargo private limited sahaayak kaargo airline Singapore 100%
Singapore airport terminal services limited sahaayak holding company Singapore 81.9%
Singapore flaaing college private limited sahaayak udaan school Singapore 100%
taajasaats (TajSATS) air catering sanyukt udyam ketaring (khaanapaan) Bhaarat 50%

parichaalan nivesh

boing 747-412 London ke heethro havaai adde se udaan bharta hua

is airline ne apne Singapore base ke pare vistaar karne ke liye anya airlines mein bhi ek boli mein nivesh kiya hai, haalaanki iske parinaam aksar aarthik roop se nakaaraatmak hote hain. 1989 mein, isne delta air lines aur sviseyar ke saath tripksheeya gathabandhan shuroo kiya,[46] lekin pratyek anya company mein paanch pratishat ikviti ki hissedaari se vanchit ho jaane ke baad 1999 mein unki bhaageedaari (partnership) samaapt ho gayi. airline ne san 2000 mein air New Zealand ke 25 pratishat hisse ko khareed liya. haalaanki air nyoojeelaind ke patan ke kuchh hi samay baad nyoojeelaind sarkaar ne airline ko divaaliya hone se bachaane ke liye ise khareed liya, iske saath Singapore airlines ki hissedaari ko 4.5% tak kam kar diya gaya. baad mein October 2004 mein kaafi adhik nuksaan ke saath ise bech diya gaya.

esaaaie ne 30 March 2000 ko 600 million pound nakad keemat par varjin atalaantik Airways mein 49% hissedaari ko khareed liya[47]. isse esaaaie ko aakarshak traansaatalaantik baajaar mein kaafi laabh ki ummeed thi, parantu 2007 tak, report darj ki gayi ki pradarshan khaas achha naheen hai aur iski hissedaari khtm ho jaane ki sambhaavana hai.[48] 14 May 2008 ko, company ne aupachaarik roop se apni varjin atalaantik hissedaari ki peshakash hetu aamantran ki ghoshana ki aur saarvajanik roop se sveekaar kiya ki airline mein iski hissedaari ka "pradarshan kuchh khaas achha naheen hai".[49] sitmbar 2004 mein, tiger eyaraves ko 49% hissedaari ke saath sthaapit karke airline kam laagat ke kairiyr baajaar mein pravesh kar gayi, isne indigo partners L. L. si., bill freink ke dvaara sthaapit nivesh farm, (24%); aayaralendiya investameint limited, toni rayaan aur uske parivaar ke niji nivesh, (16%); aur temsaak holdings private limited (11%) ke saath saajhedaari ki.

tiger Airways ko antat: February 2010 mein esajeeeks par soocheebaddh kar diya gaya, esaaaie ki hissedaari kam hokar 34.4% rah gayi.

karmachaari dal

31 March 2007 ko vitteeya varsh ke ant mein Singapore airlines samooh mein kul 29,457 karmachaari kaaryarat the.[50] pramukh airline ne khud 13,942 (47.3%) karmachaariyon ko rojagaar diya, jismein se 2,174 pilot aur 6,914 kebin kroo (chaalak dal) ke sadasya the. samooh ke karmachaariyon ka pratinidhitv paanch shramik sanghon ke dvaara kiya jaata hai, naamat: Singapore airlines staaf union (SIASU), esaaaie engineering company engineers end ekjeekyootiv union (SEEU), Singapore airport terminal sarvisej varkar's union (SATSWU), air transport ekjeekyootiv staaf union (AESU) aur air line pilot's association Singapore (ALPA-S).

shramik sanghon aur samooh prabandhan ke beech sambandh kai baar bigde, vishesh roop se vetan mein katauti ke baad, karmachaariyon ki chhantani ke baad aisi sthiti paida hui aur mushkil aarthik sthitiyon jaise 2003 mein saars ke praadurbhaav (SARS outbreak) ke dauraan aur baad mein samay poorv hone waali sevaanivruti ne staaf ke manobal ko prabhaavit kiya.[krupaya uddharan jodein] akele eelapeee, May 1981 mein iske panjeekaran (iska nirmaan iske poorvavarti ke baad hua, jab 1980 mein Singapore airlines pilot association ke 15 EXCO sadasyon par gair kaanooni audyogik kaarravaai ka aarop lagaaya gaya, jisse prabandhan ke saath vivaad utpann hua aur 26 fravari 1981 ko esaaaiepeee ka panjeekaran radd kar diya gaya) ke baad se 30 November 2003 tak samooh prabandhan ke saath kam se kam 24 vivaadon mein shaamil raha hai, jab janashakti mantraalaya (Singapore) ne eelapeee-S ke samvidhaan mein ek item ko radd karne ke liye trade union adhiniyam mein sanshodhan kiya, jiske liye kaaryakaari samiti se jude baatcheet ke samjhaute hetoo saamaanya sadasyata se aupachaarik anusamarthan ki aavashyakta thi.[51] 2007 mein, airline fir se surkhiyon mein raha jab eelapeee-S ne eyarabas-380 ko udaane vaale piloton ke liye prabandhan ki prastaavit vetan daron se asahamati jataayi,[52] aur is maamale ko audyogik nirnaayak court ke dvaara hal kiya jaana tha.[53] esaaaie ke piloton ki vetan daron ko sunavaai ke pehle din saarvajanik kar diya gaya aur press ne not kiya ki airline ke 935 kaptaan (S$233,270) jo boing 777 udaate hain, unhein company ke 36 upaadhyakshon ki tulana mein adhik vetan (S$270,000 se adhik) diya ja raha tha.[54]

in vivaadon ne unionon ko bhi prabhaavit kiya hai, kai baar to ye vivaad itne gambhir rahe ki inmein sarkaari hastakshep anivaarya ban gaya. eelapeee-S mein aantarik jhagadon ke parinaamasvaroop 17 November 2003 ko 22 sadasyon ki poori kaaryakaari samiti ko bedakhal kar diya gaya, in jhagadon ko "aantarik raajaneeti" ke liye jimmedaar thaharaaya gaya aur aise siddhaant bhi diye gaye ki isne poorv piloton ko bhi is prakriya mein shaamil kiya hai, jo esaaaiepeee ke panjeekaran ke radd kiye jaane mein shaamil rahe. [55]

January 2008 mein, enateeyoosi ke se mahaasachiv-lim svi saaya, esaaaieesayoo mein ek aantarik vivaad mein shaamil dalon ke dvaara ki gayi kaanooni kaarravaai ke khilaaf bole.[56]

2 April 2007 ko airline samooh aur iske sanghon ne sambandhon mein sudhaar laane ke liye sanyukt roop se "Singapore airline samooh union-prabandhan bhaageedaari" aur shram aandolan 2011 (LM2011) ki shuruaat ki, inhone kramash: "shramikon" aur "vyaapaar" ke liye vachanabaddhata di. [57] April 2008 mein, airline ke adhyaksh Stefan li ne pihle do varshon mein prabandhan aur union ke beech sambandhon ka varnan karte hue ise "sthir aur sauhaardapoorn" bataaya, unhonne unke beech behtar sanchaar ki baat ki. unhonne kaha ki mantri aur anubhavi salaahakaar li kuaan you sahit kai sarkaari vyaktiyon ne matabhedon ko kam karne ke liye hastakshep kiya hai aur kaha ki donon pakshon ke beech adhik niyamit vinimay aur baithakon ka aayojan kiya gaya hai.[58]


vitteeya kaarya

Singapore airlines group ke vitteeya mukhya ansh
[59][60]
raajasv
(es$em)
vyaya
(es$em)
sanchaalan laabh
(es$em)
karaadhaan se pehle
laabh (es$em)
ikviti dhaarakon ko diya ja sakane wala laabh
(es$em)
kar ke baad ipeees
-daailyuted (seint)
31 March 1999 7,795.9 6,941.5 854.4 1,116.8 1,033.2 80.6
31 March 2000 9,018.8 7,850.0 1,168.8 1,463.9 1,163.8 91.4
31 March 2001 9,951.3 8,604.6 1,346.7 1,904.7 1,549.3 126.5
31 March 2002 9,382.8 8,458.2 924.6 925.6 631.7 51.9
31 March 2003 10,515.0 9,797.9 717.1 976.8 1,064.8 87.4
31 March 2004 9,761.9 9,081.5 680.4 820.9 849.3 69.7
31 March 2005 12,012.9 10,657.4 1,355.5 1,829.4 1,389.3 113.9
31 March 2006 13,341.1 12,127.8 1,213.3 1,662.1 1,240.7 101.3
31 March 2007 14,494.4 13,180.0 1,314.4 2,284.6 2,128.8 170.8
31 March 2008 15,972.5 13,848.0 2,124.5 2,547.2 2,049.4 166.1
31 March 2009 15,996.3 15,092.7 903.6 1,198.6 1,061.5 89.1
March 31, 2010[61] 12,707.3 12,644.1 63.2 285.5 215.8 18.0

parichaalan pradarshan

Singapore airlines ke parichaalan ke mukhya bindu (keval mukhya airline company)
[59][60]
yaatri
(hajaar)
aarapeeke
(million)
eesake
(million)
lod factor
(%)
praapti
(S¢/km)
ikaai laagat
(seint/ eesake)
brekaivan lod
factor (%)
31 March 1993 8,640 37,860.6 53,100.4 71.3 10.5 - -
31 March 1994 9,468 42,328.3 59,283.3 71.4 10.1 - -
31 March 1995 10,082 45,412.2 64,053.9 70.9 9.9 - -
31 March 1996 11,057 50,045.4 68,555.3 73.0 9.4 - -
31 March 1997 12,022 54,692.5 73,511.4 74.4 9.0 - -
31 March 1998 11,957 54,441.2 77,221.6 70.5 9.5 - -
31 March 1999 12,777 60,299.9 83,191.7 72.5 8.6 - -
31 March 2000 13,782 65,718.4 87,728.3 74.9 9.1 - -
31 March 2001 15,002 71,118.4 92,648.0 76.8 9.4 7.5 70.2
31 March 2002 14,765 69,994.5 94,558.5 74.0 9.0 6.4 71.1
31 March 2003 15,326 74,183.2 99,565.9 74.5 9.1 6.7 73.6
31 March 2004 13,278 64,685.2 88,252.7 73.3 9.2 6.7 72.8
31 March 2005 15,944 77,593.7 104,662.3 74.1 10.1 7.0 69.3
31 March 2006 16,995 82,741.7 109,483.7 75.6 10.6 7.5 70.8
31 March 2007 18,346 89,148.8 112,543.8 79.2 10.9 7.9 72.5
31 March 2008 19,120 91,485.2 113,919.1 80.3 12.1 8.4 69.4
31 March 2009 18,293 90,128.1 117,788.7 76.5 12.5 9.2 73.6

braanding

parichaarikaaeain, jinhein Singapore girls ke roop mein jaana jaata hai, airline ke aaikan ke roop mein inka bahut adhik prachaar kiya jaata hai.

braanding aur prachaar ke prayaas mukhyat: udaan kroo (chaalak dal) ke liye kiye jaate rahe hain,[62] jabki adhikaansh anya airlines keval saamaanya eyarakraaft aur sevaaon par hi bal deti hain. vishesh roop se parichaarikaaon ka prachaar, jinhein Singapore girls ke roop mein jaana jaata hai, bahut hi safal prayaas raha hai aur adhikaansh airlines vijnyaaapanon aur prakaashanon ki ek saamaanya visheshata hai. Singapore girl ke chaaron or ek kaalpanik prabhaamandal ka nirmaan karna aur use Asiaee aatithya aur anugrah ke ek pratinidhi ke roop mein chitrit karna is braanding kaaryaneeti ka uddeshya hai. saath hi kebin aur takaneeki udaan kroo (chaalak dal) donon ka prashikshan kaaryakram bhi is uddeshya ka poorak hai.


Singapore girls ki dres ko 1968 mein piyre baamein ke dvaara malaaya serong kebaaya ke ek sanskaran mein design kiya gaya,[63] is yoonifaurm ko bade paimaane par aparivrtit hi rakha gaya hai.

parichaarikaaen pehle halake neele rang ki business jacket aur bhoore rang ki pataloon pahanati theen. June 2008 ke baad se, ise baamein yuniforms ke kalaatmak nideshak, kristof gailibrt ke dvaara pun: dijaain kiya gaya. parichaarikaaon ki nayi vardi ab ekal bresated gahre neele rang ka soot hai (jacket aur pataloon), ismein ek halake neele rang ki kameej aur bhinn rangon ki patteedaar taai bhi pahani jaati hai.

taai ke rang kroo (chaalak dal) ke chaaron ohadon ke liye alag alag hain.


haalaanki airline ki safal vipnan chhavi hai, "Singapore girl" ki avadhaarana par adhik bal diya jaata hai, isliye mahilaaon ko purushon ki tulana mein adhik mahattv diye jaane ke kaaran, iski aalochanaayein bhi ki gayi hain. naareevaadi sangathanon ka kehna hai ki iske saanskrutik sandarbh puraane jamaane ke hain aur adhikaansh Singapore mahilaaen ab aadhunik aur svatantr hain.[64]


9 January 2007 ko, airline ne ghoshana ki yeh apne maujooda vigyaapan anubandh bete eds ke saath karega, yeh Singapore ki ek company hai jiski sthaapana iske adhyaksh iaan bete ke dvaara ki gayi. 1972 ke baad iska bhaageedaar banane aur Singapore girl brand naam dene ka shreya unheen ko jaata hai.[65] Singapore girl ki chhavi abhi bhi bani hui hai, yadyapi esaaaie ab iske bajaay apne aadhunik bede aur takaneek ke prachaar par dhyaan kendrit karegi. 16 April 2007 ko, airline ke liye rachanaatmak vigyaapan ko heindal karne ke liye airline ne New York aadhaarit vigyaapan agent TBWA\ ko niyukt kiya. agale paanch saalon ke liye S$50 million prativrsh ki laagat par anubandh kiya gaya. esaaaie ke saarvajanik maamalon ke upaadhyaksh, Stefan forsha ne kaha, "jaldi se jaldi vyavahaarik mauka milte hi" naya braanding abhiyaan shuroo kareinge. vigyaapan agency mein yeh badlaav esaaaie ko khareedne waali media agency ko prabhaavit naheen karega, jo vartamaan mein emaisi hai.[66]

Singapore airlines ke dijaain mein iske pichhle pankh (tailfin) par logo ke roop mein "pakshi" banaaya gaya hai, jise Singapore airlines ki sthaapana ke baad se kabhi bhi naheen badla gaya hai, lekin logo ke prakaar aur ismein upasthit dhaariyaan jo 1972 mein shuroo ki gayeen, ko 1988 mein badla gaya, uske baad se inhein naheen badla gaya hai. design mein haal mein parivartan kiya gaya hai, jismein "Singapore airlines" ke logo ke aakaar ko bada kar diya gaya hai aur saamane ki or khiska diya gaya hai, yeh eyarabas e380 ke design se milta hai, lekin dhaariyon aur "pakshi" ko naheen badla gaya hai.


gantav‍aaya

Singapore airlines paanch mahaadveepon par 35 deshon mein 61 gantavyon ke liye udaan bhaarati hai.

Singapore airlines Singapore mein iske praathamik hab se paanch mahaadveepon par 35 deshon mein 61 gantavya sthaanon ke liye udaan bharati hai. dakshinpoorvi Asiaee kshetron mein iski upasthiti prabal hai, jo apni sahaayak silkaeyar ke saath milkar Singapore ko, kisi bhi anya dakshin poorvi Asiaee airline ki tulana mein adhik antarraashtreeya gantavyon se jodati hai.

kangaaroo root par airline bahut mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhaati hai. March 2008 mein samaapt hone vaale maheene mein Australia mein aur Australia se baahar udaan bharne vaale kul antarraashtreeya yaataayaat ka 11.0% hissa isi ke niyantran mein tha.[67]

esaaaie ne Singapore aur Thailand ke beech udaaravaadi dwipaksheeya vimaanan samjhaute ka faayda uthaaya hai aur sanyukt arab ameeraat ke saath, bainkauk aur dubai ke liye kramash: adhik kanekshan prastut kiye hain.

udaaharan ke liye, 1 sitmbar 2005 ko isne bainkauk aur tokiyo ke beech chhah guna saaptaahik udaanein shuroo keen. cheen aur Bhaarat pramukh baajaar hain jinhonne haal hi ki varshon mein iske vikaas ko badhaava diya hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]

airline ki kshamata ki vajah se sanrakshanavaadi upaayon ko bhi aamantrit kiya hai taaki ise makhya videshi baajaaron se baahar rakha ja sake. vishesh roop se, yeh Australia se sanyukt raajya America tak ke paar prashaant maarg tak apni pahunch banaane mein asafal rahi hai. Australiaee adhikaariyon ne sanyukt raajya America se Australia tak ke root par airline ko anumati dene ke faisale ko aasthagit kar diya. [68] S I A ne kaha hai ki yeh Canada ke liye seva ko naatakeeya roop se vistrut karna chaahata hai aur vainkoovar mein ek uttari ameriki hab sthaapit karna chaahata hai, parantu isne shikaayat ki hai ki Canada ki surakshaavaadi neetiyon ke dvaara ise aisa karne se roka ja raha hai.[69]

Singapore changi havaai adde par Singapore airlines ki gatividhiyaan

Malaysia mein sthit ek kam laagat ki airline, air-Asia, ne Singapore airlines par dohare maapadandon ka aarop lagaaya, isne daava kiya ki Singapore sarkaar ne ise Singapore ke baajaar se baahar rakhane ka prayaas kiya hai,[70] haalaanki aise koi aadhikaarik shabd naheen hain jo ye bataate hon ki Singapore airlines ne Air-Asia ke pravesh ka virodh kiya hai. iske bajaay Singapore airlines ne Singapore-kuaalaalampur root ke vistaar ka svaagat kiya hai[71][72], pichhle teen dashakon se yeh Malaysia airlines[73] ke saath is par prabhaavi tha,[74] yeh us samay sanchaalit 200 se adhik udaanon ka lagbhag 85 pratishat hissa banaata tha.[75] apni kam doori aur bhaari yaataayaat ke kaaran elaseesi ka atyadhik aakarshak root Asia mein chautha vyastatam root hai,[76] antat: ise 1 fravari 2008 ko aanshik udaareekaran ke liye khol diya gaya, elaseesi ko kisi bhi desh se pratidin 2 atirikt udaanon ki anumati di gayi,[77][78] jisse is root par Singapore airline ki kshamata ka hissa kam hokar lagbhag 46.7% rah gaya, Malaysia airlines ka hissa kam hokar 25.3% par aa gaya aur teen elaseesi ke liye 17.3% tak badh gaya aur shesh hissa 22 sitmbar 2008 ko teen anya airlines ke paas tha.[79] Singapore airline ki kshamata ka hissa 1 December 2008 ko aur kam ho jaaega jab root ko udaareekaran ke liye poori tarah se khol diya jaaega, jaisa ki isne apni kshamata ko apni sahabhaagi airline silkaeyar ke saath baantane ki ghoshana ki hai.[80] Malaysia airlines jo mukhya roop se is root ke udaareekaran ke vipaksh mein hai[81] aur ise aisa dal samjha ja raha hai jise sabse jyaada nuksaan hoga, yeh is root par Singapore airlines aur silkaeyar donon ke saath kodasheyar jaari rakhegi.[82]


kodasheyar samjhaute (Codeshare agreements)

star elaayans design mein Singapore ke changi havaai adde par Boeing 747-412, jo abhi bhi apni poonchh par kaurporet logo ko banaae rakhe hue hai, aisa karne wala star elaayans ka ekamaatr sadasya hai.

star elaayans sadasya airlines ke alaava, Singapore airlines nimnalikhit airlines ke saath kodasheyar karti hai[83]:

beda

Boeing 777-300 (9V-SWA) iaar,-300ER sanskaran ke pehla vimaan jiski delivery 23 November 2006 ko ki gayi aur isne jurikh havaai adde se udaan bhaari. SIA boing 777 varg ka sanyachaalan karne wala duniya ka doosra sabse bada sanchaalak hai, jiske bade mein 77 aur 13 vikalp hain.
Boeing 777-300 ER(9V-SWD) mosko domodedovo antararaashtreeya havaai adde par.
design mein sookshm parivartan 2007 mein kiye gaye, vishesh roop se A 380 ke aagaman ko samaayojit karne ke liye. inmein company ka ek bada naam aur ek Singapore ka ek bada jhanda shaamil hai aur bada telafin logo hai jo 747 par baayeen or hai.

Singapore airlines kaafi bade eyarakraaft bede ko sanchaalit karta hai jismein paanch vargon ke eyarakraaft shaamil hain: eyarabas e330, eyarabas e340, eyarabasae 380, boing 747 aur boing 777. is bede ne 24 January 2010 ko apne 6 saal aur saat maah poore kiye, iske rakharakhaav ki neeti ko dhyaan mein rakhate hue, yeh apne bede mein aksar naveeneekaran karta rahata hai.[60] Singapore airline ke liye boing graahak code 7x7-x12 hai.

kai saal pehle, airline ne vimaan ke prakaar ke anusaar apne bede ko naam diya. Boeing 747-400 ko "megaataup (Megatop)" kaha jaata tha, Boeing 777 ko "jubali (Jubilee)" aur eyarabas A 340-500 ko "leadership (Leadership)" kaha jaata tha. airline dvaara pehle udaaye jaane vaale vimaanon mein shaamil hain: 8 eyarabas e300 ke liye "suparabas (Superbus)", 17 eyarabas e340-300 ke liye "kelestar (Celestar)", 23 boing 747-200 ke liye "super bi (Super B)", 14 boing 747-300 ke liye "big top (Big Top)".[84] inmein se kai naam 2000 ke dashak ke madhya mein adhikaarik roop se tatkaaleen CEO chyoo chun seing ke dvaara diye gaye. 2007 ke dashak mein bede mein shaamil hue nae e380 ko tab se koi adhikaarik naam naheen diya gaya hai.

Singapore airlines ne kabhi bhi apne vimaan ki poonchh (antim fin) ke siva kisi aur hisse ko peint naheen kiya hai. yahaan tak ki vishesh dijaainon jaise tropikl megaataup aur star alaayans ke design mein bhi inke urdhv stebalaaijars par praaroopik hastaakshar pakshi hi chitrit kiya gaya hai.

Singapore airlines ke bede mein nimnalikhit vimaan shaamil hain:[85]

Singapore airlines ka beda

vimaan kul odars/
vikalp
yaatri engine nots
R pi J vaai kul
eyarabas e330-300 19 - - 30 255 285 rols-rauyas Trent 700
eyarabas A 340-500 5 - - 100 0 100 rols rauyas Trent 553
eyarabas A 350-900 20/20 2014-2015 teebeee
eyarabas e380-800 11 8/6 12 - 60 399 471 rols rauyas Trent 900
Boeing 747-400 7 - 12 50 313 375 peedablyoo4056 star alaayans ke design mein peint kiya gaya 9vee-esapeepi
boing 777-200iaar 36 -
-
-
12
0
0
42
30
30
234
255
293
288
285
323
rols rauyas Trent 892 star alaayans ke design mein peint kiya gaya 9 vi-esaaarai
boing 777-300 12 - 18 49 265 332 rols rauyas Trent 892
boing 777-300iaar 19 0/13 - 8 42 228 278 jeei90-115bi
Boeing 787-9 20/20 teebeee rols rauyas Trent 1000

sevaaen

Singapore airlines ko iske dvaara upalabdh karaai jaane waali sevaaon ke star ke liye asankhya puraskaar diye gaye hain, sabse haal hi mein ise 2010 world airlines avaards mein duniya ke sarvashreshth kebin staaf ka puraskaar diya gaya. [86] yeh "duniya ki sabse jyaada award praapt karne waali airline" hone ka daava karta hai.[87] November 2007 mein ameriki polastars[88] ke dvaara kiye gaye 29 vein vaarshik jagat sarvekshan mein, esaaaie ko premium aur ikonomi donon vargon mein pehle sthaan par rakha gaya, jabki sabhi vargon mein bhojan, seva, aaraam ke liye aur iski vebasaait ke liye bhi ise sheersh sthaan mila. [89]

udaan-mein sevaaen

kebin

Singapore airlines ne 17 October 2006 ko iske kebin aur udaan mein di jaane waali sevaaon ke star mein sudhaar karne ki ghoshana ki,[90] 8 saalon ki avadhi mein yeh iske dvaara kiya gaya pehla ferabadal tha aur is airline ki laagat lagbhag S$570 aayi.[91] praarambh mein 2006 mein iske eyarabas e380-800 ko shuroo karne ki yojana banaayi gayi aur iske baad boing 777-300 iaar ko shuroo karne ki yojana banaayi gayi, pehle e380-800 ki delivery ko sthagit kiye jaane ka arth yeh tha ki ise 5 dasanbar 2006 ko Singapore aur peris ke beech airline ke saath pehle boing 777-300 iaar ke udghaatan ke saath shuroo kiya jaana tha.[92]


Singapore airlines soot

Singapore airlines soot aisa varg hai jo keval eyarabas e380 par upalabdh hai. e380 Hongkong, London, melaborn, peris, Sydney, peris, tokiyo aur Zurich ke liye udaan bharta hai.

is utpaad ka dijaain fraansisi lakjri nauka inteeriyr dijaainar jeen-jeks koste ke dvaara banaaya gaya hai aur ismein deevaaron ki sahaayata se alag kaksh banaaye gaye hain, jinmein 1.5 meter oonche darvaaje hain. chamade ki seat par Italy ke poltrona froo (Poltrona Frau) ki gaddi lagaai gayi hai, yeh saaaincha:In to cm chaudi hai (jab bhuja ko aaraam dene waali gaddi oopar hai aur saaaincha:In to cm jab bhuja ko aaraam dene waali gaddi neeche hai) aur ek saaaincha:In to cm elaseedi TV saamane ki deevaar par lagaaya gaya hai. saaaincha:In to cm bistar seat se alag hai pichhli deevaar se fold ho jaata hai, soot mein kai anya avayav bhi hain jinmein gadde samaayojit ho jaate hain. khidkiyon ko darvaajon mein banaaya gaya hai aur ye gopaneeyata banaaye rakhane mein madad karti hain. agar gopaneeyata banaane waali in khidkiyon ko chhat mein samaayojit kar diya jaaye to kendra mein sthit soot ek double bed bana sakta hai.

pratham varg (First class)
Boeing 747-412 par pratham varg
Boeing 777-300ER pratham varg

pratham varg ke kebin ke chaar bhinn roop hain, haalaanki Singapore airlines soot ke varg ya darje ko Singapore eyarains ke dvaara "aise varg ke roop mein nirdisht kiya gaya hai jo pehle varg ke pare hai (Class Beyond First)"[93] aur ek alag kiraaya code ka upayog karta hai (aar) (upar dekhein) .

17 October 2006 ko shuroo kiya gaya "naya" pehla varg keval Singapore airlines ke nae boing 777-300 iaar vimaan par hi upalabdh karaaya jaata hai. ise James park esosiyets ke dvaara design kiya gaya, ek saaaincha:In to cmchaudi chamade aur mahogani se yukt gaddi waali seat aur ek saaaincha:In to cm elaseedi screen ismein upalabdh karaai jaane waali vishesh suvidhaaen hain. seaton ke fold ko khol kar chapata bistar banaaya ja sakta hai aur use 1-2-1 ke vinyaas mein vyavasthit kiya ja sakta hai. nae "pratham varg" ko dheere dheere boing 777-300 bade mein shuroo kar diya jaaega, jaise jaise unke kebin ki marammat ki jaayegi. is kebin ko 22 July 2009 ko Singapore se Sydney jaane vaale boing 777-300 bede mein shuroo kiya jaaega aur ek 1-2-1 ke vinyaas mein vyavasthit kiya jaaega.

skaaisoot Boeing 747-400 vimaan ke pehle varg ki visheshata hai, yeh ek seat hai jo saaaincha:In to cm chaudi hai aur ise jhuka kar ek 6 fut 6 inch (1.98 mi) bistar mein badla ja sakta hai. ek saaaincha:In to cmelaseedi screen iski mukhya visheshata hai aur khud skaaisoot mein konoli chamade ki gaddi lagi hai aur ise lakdi ki can't chhaant ke saath susajjit kiya gaya hai.

chayanit Boeing 777-200aur sabhi Boeing 777-300 vimaan (mukhya roop se kshetreeya udaanon ke liye prayukt) sleeper seatein upalabdh karte hain jo 2-2-2 ke vinyaas meinsaaaincha:In to cm chaudi hain. Boeing 777-300 vimaan mein kebin ki marammat shuroo ki ja rahi hai aur pehle varg ki is seat ko hata diya jaaega aur iski jagah "nayi" pehle varg ki seat laga di jaayegi.

vyaapaar varg (business class)

Singapore airlines ke vyaapaar varg (business class) ko 2006 tak refals class (Raffles Class) ke naam se jaana jaata tha. e380, e340-500 aur Boeing 777-300iaar mein poori tarah se chapata bistar 1-2-1 ke vinyaas mein upalabdh hai, jismein seatein saamane ki or hain (sleep mod vikrn ke roop mein hai), iske vipreet vyaapaar varg mein chapate bistar upalabdh karne waali kai anya airlines ke dvaara hering-bon vinyaas ka upayog kiya jaata hai.

1-2-1 ke vinyaas mein vyavasthit, nae vyaapaar varg ki chaudaai 34 inch (86 semi) tak hai.

chamade ki seaton ke saath ek 15.4 inch (39.1 semi)vikrn screen ke aakaar ka telivijn hai, jismein in-seat oorja ki aapoorti aur 2 yooesabi port upalabdh karaaye jaate hain[94].

ek nae kshetreeya vyaapaar varg ko 19 e330-300 se baahar kiya ja raha hai jiska upayog Singapore airlines mein Perth, Brisbane, Adelaide, naagoya aur anya madhyam maargon aur kshetreeya roots mein sevaaen upalabdh karaane ke liye kiya ja raha hai. e330-300 ko 2-2-2 leaaut mein vinyast kiya jaaega aur ismein aaipod kanekshan ko shaamil kiya jaayega.vyaapaar varg ki seat 8 degree ke jhukaav par sapaat karke letaai ja sakegi. vyaapaar varg mein 15.4 inch ki screen par nae krisvarld ki suvidha hogi. [95]

Singapore airlines Boeing 777 maudals ke liye kebin marammat kaaryakram shuroo kar raha hai jismein seaton ki suvidha bhi hogi, Boeing 777-300 bede mein sabse pehle marammat ki jaayegi aur ise adhikaansh bedon mein se hata diya jaaega, marammat kiya gaya sabse pehla vimaan 22 July 2009 ko Sydney ke liye udaan bharega. Boeing 777-300 ki seaton ko bhi 2-2-2 ke leaaut mein vinyast kiya jaaega.

Boeing 777-200 iaar mein spesabed seatein 2-2-2 ke vinyaas mein hain aur bee747-400 vimaan mein 2-3-2 ke vinyaas mein hain. space bed seatein 27 inch (69 semi) chaudi aur 72 inch (183 semi) lambi hain ek kon yukt chapate bistar mein badli ja sakti hain. inmein ek aisa niji telivijn hai jise fold kiya ja sakta hai.10.4 inch (26.4 semi)

paaramparik alteemo vyaapaar varg ki seatein, jo bistar mein parivrtit naheen hoti hain, ko sabhi Boeing 777 vimaanon (Boeing 777-200 iaar aur Boeing 777-300 iaar ko chhodkar) mein 2-3-2 ke vinyaas mein upalabdh karaaya gaya hai.

ikonomi varg (Economy class)
pehle Singapore airlines eyarabas A380 par ikonomi varg.

Boeing 747 aur Boeing 777 mein (Boeing 777-300 ko chhodkar) ikonomi varg ki sabhi seaton mein vyaktigat telivijn, futarest (pairon ko aaraam dene waali gaddi), paarshv flaip se yukt samaayojya hedarest (sir ko aaraam dene waali gaddi) hain aur seat ko samaayojit karke peechhe ki taraf jhukaaya ja sakta hai. kuchh mein bachchon ke liye gaadi bhi upalabdh hai.[96]

Boeing 777-300 iaar, eyarabas A380 aur eyarabas e330-300 mein ikonomi varg ki nayi seatein saaaincha:In to cm chaudi hain, seat mein power upalabdh karaayi gayi hai aur 10.6 inch ka niji telivijn screen diya gaya hai jiska upayog padhane ke liye ek sahaj prakaash ke roop mein kiya ja sakta hai.[97]

inhein 19 nae eyarabas e330-300 vimaanon mein se bhi hataaya ja raha hai jinka upayog Singapore airlines Perth, Brisbane, Adelaide, naagoya, osaaka aur anya madhyam maargon aur kshetreeya roots mein sevaaen dene ke liye kar rahi hai. A330-300 ko 2-4-2 leaaut mein vinyast kiya jaaega aur ismein aaipaud kanekshan bhi diya jaaega.[98] kuchh anya suvidhaaen bhi di gayeen hain jaise ek cup holder (jo fold ki ja sakane waali table se alag hai) aur ek yooesabi port. Singapore airlines Boeing 777 mein bhi isi tarah ka design shuroo karegi, jab iske kebin mein marammat ka kaam kiya jaaega. Boeing 777-300 pehla model hai jismein marammat ka kaam kiya jaaega aur 22 July 2009 se Singapore-Sydney root par is utpaad ko shuroo kiya jaaega.[99]

Pak shaili

loss enjils se tokiyo jaane waali ek udaan mein ikonomi varg mein bhojan

Singapore airlines apne teenon vargon mein vishvastareeya svaadisht vyanjan (World Gourmet Cuisine) upalabdh karaati hai. kshetr se sambandhit vimaanon mein aksar kshetreeya vyanjan hi parose jaate hain jaise Japan, cheen aur Bhaarat ki udaanon mein pratham varg ke yaatriyon ke liye kramash: kyo-keseki, shi kvaan shi mei aur shaahi thaali parosi jaati hai.

esaaaie ne mukhya gantavya sthaanon par jaane waali udaanon ke sabhi vargon mein sthaaneeya vyanjan upalabdh karaane ke liye ek lokapriya sthaaneeya Khan-paan khaadya-vishyak kaaryakram ki shuruaat bhi ki hai.


vyaapaar aur pratham varg ke yaatri bhi kuchh udaanon mein "book the cook" seva ka chayan kar sakte hain, jahaan ek badi vyanjan soochi mein se kuchh vishesh vyanjanon ko pehle se chuna ja sakta hai.[100][101]

udaan mein manoranjan pranaali aur sanchaar

chitr:NewKrisWorldlogo.jpg
krisvarld logo


Singapore airlines mein udaan ke dauraan manoranjan pranaali, krisvarld, ki shuruaat 1997 mein hui. B747-400 aur Boeing 777-200 iaar mein vaaisamen 3000 pranaali ka upayog kiya jaata hai, jo sabhi vargon mein maang ke anusaar filmein, audio aur naainateindo game upalabdh karaati hai. Singapore airlines soot, pratham varg aur vyaapaar varg mein yaatra karne vaale yaatriyon ko shor se bachane vaale sakriya hedafon bhi diye jaate hain.

March 2005 mein, esaaaie ne sambandhit Boeing vimaanon mein Internet seva shuroo ki aur June mein live TV pesh karne ke liye is pranaali ko vistrut kiya gaya. [102] is seva ko December 2006 mein samaapt kar diya gaya jab Boeing dvaara is kanekshan ko band kar diya gaya.

October 2005 se, esaaaie ne 22 bhaashaaoain mein nishulk bhaasha adhyaapan prastut kiya,[103] aur December 2005 se live paathya samaachaar shuroo kiye gaye.[104]

esaaaie ne ghoshana ki ki nae krisvarld ke nirmaan ke liye penaasonik evioniks korporeshan (Panasonic Avionics Corporation) ko chuna gaya hai, jismein unki nayi E ex 2 pranaali ka upayog kiya jaaega.[105][106] naya krisvarld e380, e330-300 aur e340-500 (keval vyaapaar varg se susajjit) aur Boeing 777-300iaar par upalabdh hai.

  • 1280 x 768 rejolyooshan ke saath bade screen ka elaseedi TV
  • filmon, TV, sangeet, khel aur intaraiktiv kaaryakramon ki ek range.
  • yooesabi port ke saath kaam mein lene ke liye staaraofis utpaadakata soot par aadhaarit, bilt-in office softaveyar.
  • seaton mein AC power ka port

mool sevaaen

yaatri udaan ke prasthaan se 2 se 48 ghante pehle check-in kar sakte hain. aisa kaauntar par ya airport ke andar laaunj ke bheetar (pratham aur vyaapaar varg ke yaatriyon ke liye) kiya ja sakta hai. self service kiyosk bhi Singapore changi havaai adde par upalabdh hain. pratham shreni ke yaatriyon ko changi havaai adde par ek samarpit len upalabdh karaai jaati hai jahaan staaf ke karmachaari vyaktigat roop se unka svaagat karte hain aur unhein khud lekar jaate hain.

vaikalpik roop se, ve Internet ya laghu sandesh seva ke madhyam se check-in kar sakte hain. Internet check-in ke madhyam se boarding paas ki online printing upalabdh hai. chhoti yaatra karne vaale yaatri mool shahar se prasthaan par apni vaapasi ki udaan ke liye bhi check-in kar sakte hain.

laaunj

solitr peepeees club, peepeees club aur kris flaayar elaait gold sadasyon ke alaava, Singapore airlines soot, pehle varg aur vyaapaar varg ke yaatriyon ke liye airline ke silver kris laaunj khule hain. ye sadasya airline ke bhaageedaaron ke dvaara sanchaalit laaunj ka upayog kar sakte hain. in laaunj nimn mein sthit hain:[107]

  • edeeled
  • emstardam
  • bainkauk
  • brisban
  • haang kaang
  • kuaalaalampur
  • London
  • Manila
  • melaborn
  • Perth
  • sen Francisco
  • Singapore
  • Sydney
  • taaipei

freekveint-flaayar program (Frequent-flyer program)

Singapore airlines ke freekveint flaayar program, mein do[108][109] shreniyaan hain:

krisflaayar (KrisFlyer)

Singapore airlines ki apni sevaaon ke dvaara aur krisflaayar pratibhaagiyon ke saath bahut kuchh arjit kiya gaya hai aur bahut se sudhaar kiye gaye hain. in bhaageedaar companyon mein star alaayans ke sadasya, silk air, varjin atalaantik, delta air lines aur asankhya hotel shrrunkhalaaen aur car-kiraaye par dene waali companiyaan shaamil hain.[110] krisflaayar ko krisflaayar, krisflaayar eleet silver aur krisflaayar eleet gold mein vibhaajit kiya gaya hai, jo kramash: star alaayans silver aur gold se sambandhit hai. eleet silver[111] aur elit gold[112] ka darja un yaatriyon ko diya jaata hai jo 12 maah ki avadhi ke bheetar kramash: 25,000 aur 50,000 meal (80,000 kimi) jama kar chuke hain. 12 maheene ki avadhi ki ganana is aadhaar par ki jaati hai ki aapne shuroo mein krisflaayar ki sadasyata ke liye kab aavedan kiya. isliye 12 maah ki avadhi ke liye yaatra karna 25,000 meal (40,000 kimi) aapko silver darje ke liye yogya naheen banaata jab tak aapko Singapore airlines ke dvaara 12 maah ki avadhi ka pramaan na diya gaya ho. Singapore airlines ke udaanon mein booking varg V, Q, G, N aur T (samooh aur prachaaraatmak kiraaye) aur silk air udaanon mein booking varg W aur L koi meal arjit naheen karte hain.[113]

peepeees club (The PPS Club)

praathamikta yaatri seva (Priority Passenger Service) (peepeees)[114] un yaatriyon ke liye hai jinhonne ek saal ke bheetar S$25,000 keemat ke peepeees moolya ko sanchit kar liya hai.[115] peepeees moolya, Singapore airlines soot par yaatra karne, Singapore airlines ke pratham varg ya business varg mein yaatra karne, ya silk air mein business varg mein yaatra karne ke saath jama hota hai.

peepeees ko peepeees club, solitr peepeees club aur solitr peepeees club life mein vibhaajit kiya jaata hai.[116]

peepeees club ka ek sadasya, yadi paanch saalon ke bheetar S$250,000 moolya ke peepeees sanchit kar leta hai, to vah solitr peepeees club ke liye yogya hoga. [116] solitr life peepeees club ka darja pehle un sadasyon ko diya jaata tha jo kul 18,75,000 meal (30,18,000 kimi) ya 1,000 peepeees sector arjit kar lete the. solitr peepeees club ke sadasyon ke liye bhi baraabar faayde hain lekin iske liye pun:-gunavatta ka koi maapdand naheen tha.[116] iseeliye Singapore airlines ne nae solitr life peepeees club sadasyon ko sveekaar karna band kar diya hai.[117]

sabhi peepeees sadasyon ko check-in mein, baigej heindaling mein praathamikta di jaati hai, ve jab business ya pratham varg ki veting list mein hote hain, unhein ikonomi varg mein guaranty se seat mil jaati hai aur silver-kris laaunj ka business varg sekshan unke liye upalabdh hota hai. solitr peepeees ke sadasya aur unke jeevan saathi ko pehle varg ki check-in suvidha milti hai aur silver kris laaunj ka pehla varg upalabdh hota hai.

ghatnaaen aur durghatanaaen

ismein Singapore airlines ki udaanon ko kavar kiya gaya hai; silkaeyar se sambandhit ghatnaaon ke liye vah lekh dekhein.

  • 26 March 1991- Singapore airlines udaan 117 ko Pakistani aatankvaadiyon ke dvaara Singapore ke root par haaijek (apaharan) kar liya gaya, jahaan Singapore ke vishesh operation balon ne is par hamla karke ise pakad liya.

is operation mein sabhi apaharta maare gaye, yaatriyon aur kroo (chaalak dal) ke sadasyon ko koi nuksaan naheen pahuncha.

  • 31 October 2000- ek Boeing 747-400 dvaara sanchaalit Singapore airlines udaan 006, taaivaan mein chiaang kaai-shek antarraashtreeya havaai adde (ab taaivaan taaoyoon antarraashtreeya havaai adda) par durghatanaagrast ho gayi jismein vimaan ko ek band runway par utaar liya gaya aur yeh nirmaan upakaranon se takara gaya, is durghatana mein 83 log maare gaye aur 71 log ghaayal hue.

yeh durghatana taaifoon jeingsen (ek prakaar ki toofaan bhaari aandhi) ke kaaran bhaari varsha ke ki vajah se hui thi.SQ006 Singapore airlines ke vimaan aur Boeing 747-400 donon ki pehli ghaatak durghatana thi.

yeh bhi dekhein

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sandarbh

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