Pranab mukharji

pranav mukharji
পaa্aaরaaণaaব মaaুaaখaaোaaপaaাaaধaa্aaযaaাaaযaa়
Pranab Mukherjee-World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2009 crop(2).jpg
nai Delhi mein 2009 mein hue aarthik sammelan mein pranav mukharji

avalanbi
kaaryaalaya grahan
25 July 2012
pradhaanamantri Manmohan Singh
Narendra Modi
up raashtrapati mohammad haamid Ansari
poorva dhikaari pratibha Patil

pad bahaal
24 January 2009 – 26 June 2012
pradhaanamantri Manmohan Singh
poorva dhikaari Manmohan Singh
uttara dhikaari Manmohan Singh
pad bahaal
15 January 1982 – 31 December 1984
pradhaanamantri indira gaaaindhi
Rajiv gaaaindhi
poorva dhikaari raamaasvaami Venkatraman
uttara dhikaari vishvanaath prataap Singh

pad bahaal
10 farabari 1995 – 16 May 1996
pradhaanamantri pi.vi. narasimha Rao
poorva dhikaari dinesh Singh
uttara dhikaari sikndar bakht

pad bahaal
22 May 2004 – 26 October 2006
pradhaanamantri Manmohan Singh
poorva dhikaari jyorj frnaandis
uttara dhikaari A. ke. entoni

pad bahaal
24 June 1991 – 15 May 1996
pradhaanamantri pee॰avee॰ narasimha Rao
poorva dhikaari mohan dhaariya
uttara dhikaari madhu dandavate

janm (1935-12-11) 11 December 1935 (aayu 80 varsh)
gram miraati, beerabhoom jila, british Bhaarat
raajaneetik dal bhaarateeya raashtreeya Congress (1969–86; 1989–2012)
Other political
affiliations
raashtreeya samaajavaadi kaaaingres (1986 se 1989 tak)
jeevan sangi shubhra mukharji (vivaah 1957; nidhan 2015)
bachche sharmishtha
abhijeet
indrajeet
shaikshik sambaddhata Calcutta vishvavidyaalaya
dharm hindu
sammaan padm vibhooshan (2008)

pranav Kumar mukharji (baangla: পaa্aaরaaণaaব কaaুaaমaaাaaর মaaুaaখaaোaaপaaাaaধaa্aaযaaাaaযaa়, janm: 11 December 1935, pashchim Bengal) vartamaan mein Bhaarat ke raashtrapati hain. ve bhaarateeya raashtreeya Congress ke varishth neta hain. Nehru-gaandhi parivaar se unke kareebi sambandh rahe hain. bhaarateeya raashtreeya Congress ke netrutv vaale sanyukt pragatisheel gathabandhan ne unhein apna ummeedavaar ghoshit kiya. seedhe mukaabale mein unhonne apne pratipkshi pratyaashi pi.A. sangama ko haraaya. unhonne 25 July 2012 ko Bhaarat ke terahavein raashtrapati ke roop mein pad aur gopaneeyata ki shapath li.

anukram

praarambhik jeevan

pranav mukharji ka janm pashchim Bengal ke veerabhoom jile mein kirnaahar shahar ke nikat sthit miraati gaaainv ke ek braahman parivaar mein kaamada kinkar mukharji aur raajalakshmi mukharji ke yahaaain hua tha.

unke pita 1920 se Congress party mein sakriya hone ke saath pashchim Bengal vidhaan parishad mein 1952 se 64 tak sadasya aur veerabhoom (pashchim Bengal) jila Congress committee ke adhyaksh rah chuke the.[1] unke pita ek sammaanit svatantrata senaani the, jinhonne british shaasan ki khilaafat ke parinaamasvaroop 10 varsho se adhik jail ki saja bhi kaati thi.

pranav mukharji ne soori (veerabhoom) ke soori vidyaasaagar college mein shiksha pai, jo us samay Calcutta vishvavidyaalaya se sambaddh tha.

kairiyr

Calcutta vishvavidyaalaya se unhonne itihaas aur raajaneeti vigyaan mein snaatakottar ke saath saath kaanoon ki degree haasil ki hai. ve ek vakeel aur college praadhyaapak bhi rah chuke hain. unhein maanad di.lit upaadhi bhi praapt hai. unhonne pehle ek college praadhyaapak ke roop mein aur baad mein ek patrakaar ke roop mein apna kairiyr shuroo kiya. ve baaaingla prakaashan sansthaan desher daak (maatrubhoomi ki pukaar) mein bhi kaam kar chuke hain. pranav mukharji bangeeya saahitya parishad ke trasti evam akhil Bhaarat bang saahitya sammelan ke adhyaksh bhi rahe.[2]

raajaneetik kairiyr

unka sansadeeya kairiyr kareeb paaainch dashak puraana hai, jo 1969 mein Congress party ke Rajyasabha sadasya ke roop mein (uchch sadan) se shuroo hua tha. ve 1975, 1981, 1993 aur 1999 mein fir se chune gaye. 1973 mein ve audyogik vikaas vibhaag ke keindreeya up mantri ke roop mein mantrimndal mein shaamil hue.

ve san 1982 se 1984 tak kai cabinet padon ke liye chune jaate rahe aur aur san 1984 mein Bhaarat ke vitt mantri bane. san 1984 mein, yooromani patrika ke ek sarvekshan mein unka vishv ke sabse achhe vitt mantri ke roop mein moolyaankan kiya gaya.[3] unka kaaryakaal Bhaarat ke antarraashtreeya mudra kosh (aaiemaef) ke rin ki 1.1 arab Amreeki dollar ki aakhiri kist naheen ada kar paane ke liye ullekhaneeya raha. vitt mantri ke roop mein pranav ke kaaryakaal ke dauraan dau॰ Manmohan Singh bhaarateeya reserve bank ke Governor the. ve indira Gandhi ki hatya ke baad hue Loksabha chunaav ke baad Rajiv Gandhi ki samarthak mandali ke shadyantr ke shikaar hue jisne inhein mantrimnadal mein shaamil naheen hone diya. kuchh samay ke liye unhein Congress party se nikaal diya gaya. us dauraan unhonne apne raajaneetik dal raashtreeya samaajavaadi Congress ka gathan kiya, lekin san 1989 mein Rajiv gaandhi ke saath samjhauta hone ke baad unhonne apne dal ka Congress party mein vilay kar diya.[4] unka raajaneetik kairiyr us samay punarjeevit ho utha, jab pi.vi. narasinh Rao ne pehle unhein yojana aayog ke upaadhyaksh ke roop mein aur baad mein ek kendreeya cabinet mantri ke taur par niyukt karne ka faisala kiya. unhonne Rao ke mantrimandal mein 1995 se 1996 tak pehli baar videsh mantri ke roop mein kaarya kiya. 1997 mein unhein utkrusht saansad chuna gaya.

san 1985 ke baad se vah Congress ki pashchim Bengal raajya ikaai ke bhi adhyaksh hain. san 2004 mein, jab Congress ne gathabandhan sarkaar ke aguaa ke roop mein sarkaar banaayi, to Congress ke pradhaanamantri Manmohan Singh sirf ek Rajyasabha saansad the. isliye jangeepur (Loksabha nirvaachan kshetr) se pehli baar Loksabha chunaav jeetne vaale pranav mukharji ko Loksabha mein sadan ka neta banaaya gaya. unhein raksha, vitt, videsh vishyak mantraalaya, raajasv, nauvahan, parivhan, sanchaar, aarthik maamale, vaanijya aur udyog, samet vibhinn mahatvapoorn mantraalayon ke mantri hone ka gaurav bhi haasil hai. vah Congress sansadeeya dal aur Congress vidhaayak dal ke neta rah chuke hain, jismein desh ke sabhi Congress saansad aur vidhaayak shaamil hote hain. iske atirikt ve Loksabha mein sadan ke neta, Bengal pradesh Congress party ke adhyaksh, Congress ke netrutv waali sarkaar ke pradhaanamantri Manmohan Singh ki mantriprishd mein kendreeya vitt mantri bhi rahe. Loksabha chunaavon se pehle jab pradhaanamantri Manmohan Singh ne apni baai-paas surgery karaai, pranav da videsh mantraalaya mein kendreeya mantri hone ke baavajood raajanaitik maamalon ki cabinet samiti ke adhyaksh aur vitt mantraalaya mein kendreeya mantri ka atirikt prabhaar lekar mantrimndal ke sanchaalan mein mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhaate rahe.

antarraashtreeya bhoomika

10 October 2008 ko mukharji aur ameriki videsh sachiv kondoleeja Rice ne dhaara 123 samjhaute par hastaakshar kiye. ve antarraashtreeya mudra kosh ke vishv bank, Asiaee vikaas bank aur afreeki vikaas bank ke prashaasak board ke sadasya bhi the.

san 1984 mein unhonne aaiemaef aur vishv bank se jude group-24 ki baithak ki adhyakshata ki. May aur November 1995 ke beech unhonne saark mantriprishd sammelan ki adhyakshata ki.[5]

raajaneetik dal mein bhoomika

mukharji ko party ke bheetar to mila hi, saamaajik neetiyon ke kshetr mein bhi kaafi sammaan mila hai.[6] anya prachaar maadhyamon mein unhein bejod smaranashakti wala, aankadaapremi aur apna astitv barkaraar rakhane ki achook ichhaashakti rakhane vaale ek raajaneta ke roop mein varnit kiya jaata hai.[7]

jab Sonia gaandhi anichha ke saath raajaneeti mein shaamil hone ke liye raaji huin tab pranav unke pramukh paraamarshadaataaon mein se rahe, jinhonne kathin paristhitiyon mein unhein udaaharanon ke jariye bataaya ki unki saas indira Gandhi is tarah ke haalaat se kaise niptati theen.[8] mukharji ki amogh nishtha aur yogyata ne hi unhein UPA cheyaraparsan Sonia Gandhi aur pradhaan mantri Manmohan Singh ke kareeb laaya aur isi vajah se jab 2004 mein Congress party satta mein aayi to unhein Bhaarat ke raksha mantri ke pratishthit pad par pahuainchane mein madad mili.

san 1991 se 1996 tak ve yojana aayog ke upaadhyaksh pad par aaseen rahe.

2005 ke praarambh mein petent sanshodhan bill par samjhaute ke dauraan unki pratibha ke darshan hue. Congress ek aaipi vidheyak paarit karne ke liye pratibaddh thi, lekin sanyukt pragatisheel gathabandhan mein shaamil vaamamorche ke kuchh ghatak dal bauddhik sampada ke ekaadhikaar ke kuchh pahaluon ka paramparaagat roop se virodh kar rahe the. raksha mantri ke roop mein pranav maamale mein aupachaarik roop se shaamil naheen the, lekin baatcheet ke kaushal ko dekhkar unhein aamantrit kiya gaya tha. unhonne maarksavaadi kamyunisht neta jyoti Basu sahit kai puraane gathabandhanon ko manaakar madhyasthata ke kuchh naye bindu tay kiye, jisme utpaad petent ke alaava aur kuchh aur baatein bhi shaamil theen; tab unhein, vaanijya mantri kamal naath sahit apne sahayogiyon yeh kehkar manaana pada ki: "koi kaanoon naheen rahane se behtar hai ek apoorn kaanoon banana."[9] ant mein 23 March 2005 ko bill ko manjoori de di gayi.

bhrashtaachaar par vichaar

mukharji ki khud ki chhavi Pak-saaf hai, parantu san 1998 mein reedif.com ko diye gaye ek saakshaatkaar mein unase jab Congress sarkaar, jismein vah videsh mantri the, par lage bhrashtaachaar ke baare mein poochha gaya tha to unhonne kaha -

"bhrashtaachaar ek mudda hai. ghoshana patra mein humne isse nipatne ki baat kahi hai. lekin main yeh kehte hue kshama chaahata hooain ki ye ghotaale keval Congress ya Congress sarkaar tak hi seemit naheen hain. bahut saare ghotaale hain. vibhinn raajaneetik dalon ke kai neta unamein shaamil hain. to yeh kehna kaafi saral hai ki Congress sarkaar bhi in ghotaalon mein shaamil thi."[10]

videsh mantri : October 2006

2008 mein ameriki raashtrapati George dablyoo. bush ke saath pranav mukharji.

24 October 2006 ko jab unhein Bhaarat ka videsh mantri niyukt kiya gaya, raksha mantraalaya mein unki jagah A.ke. Antony ne li.

pranav mukharji ke naam par ek baar bhaarateeya raashtrapati jaise sammaanajanak pad ke liye bhi vichaar kiya gaya tha. lekin keindreeya mantrimndal mein vyaavahaarik roop se unke aparihaarya yogadaan ko dekhte hue unka naam hata liya gaya. mukharji ki vartamaan viraasat mein ameriki sarkaar ke saath asainik parmaanu samjhaute par Bhaarat-America ke safalataapoorvak hastaakshar aur parmaanu aprasaar sandhi par dastakhat naheen hone ke baavajood asainya parmaanu vyaapaar mein bhaag lene ke liye parmaanu aapoortikrta samooh ke saath hue hastaakshar bhi shaamil hain. san 2007 mein unhein Bhaarat ke doosare sabse bade naagrik sammaan padm vibhooshan se navaaja gaya.

vitt mantri

Manmohan Singh ki doosari sarkaar mein mukharji Bhaarat ke vitt mantri bane. is pad par ve pehle 1980 ke dashak mein bhi kaam kar chuke the. 6 July 2009 ko unhonne sarkaar ka vaarshik bajat pesh kiya. is bajat mein unhonne kshubdh karne vaale frinj benifit tax aur kamoditeej traansakshan kar ko hataane sahit kai tarah ke kar sudhaaron ki ghoshana ki. unhonne ailaan kiya ki vitt mantraalaya ki haalat itni achhi naheen hai ki maal aur seva kar laagoo kiye bagair kaam chala sake. unke is tark ko kai mahatvapoorn corporate adhikaariyon aur arthashaastriyon ne saraaha. pranav ne raashtreeya graameen rojagaar gaaranti adhiniyam, ladkiyon ki saaksharata aur svaasthya jaisi saamaajik kshetr ki yojanaaon ke liye samuchit dhan ka praavadhaan kiya. iske alaava unhonne raashtreeya raajamaarg vikaas kaaryakram, bijleekaran ka vistaar aur javaaharalaal Nehru raashtreeya shahari naveekaran mission sareekhi buniyaadi suvidhaaon vaale kaaryakramon ka bhi vistaar kiya. haalaanki, kai logon ne 1991 ke baad lagaataar badh rahe raajakosheeya ghaate ke baare mein chinta vyakt ki, parantu mukharji ne kaha ki sarkaari kharch mein vistaar keval asthaayi hai aur sarkaar vitteeya dooradarshita ke siddhaant ke prati poori tarah pratibaddh hai.

niji jeevan

Bengal (Bhaarat) mein veerabhoom jile ke miraati (kirnaahaar) gaaainv mein 11 December 1935 ko kaamada kinkar mukharji aur raajalakshmi mukharji ke ghar janme pranav ka vivaah baais varsh ki aayu mein 13 July 1957 ko shubhra mukharji ke saath hua tha. unke do bete aur ek beti - kul teen bachche hain. padhna, baagavaani karna aur sangeet sunana- teen hi unke vyaktigat shauk bhi hain.

sammaan aur vishishtata

  1. New York se prakaashit patrika, yooromani ke ek sarvekshan ke anusaar, varsh 1984 mein duniya ke paaainch sarvottam vitt mantriyon mein se ek pranav mukharji bhi the.
  2. unhein san 1997 mein sarvashreshth saansad ka award mila.
  3. vitt mantraalaya aur anya aarthik mantraalayon mein raashtreeya aur aantarik roop se unke netrutv ka loha maana gaya. vah lambe samay ke liye desh ki aarthik neetiyon ko banaane mein mahatvapoorn vyakti ke roop mein jaane jaate hain. unke nettv mein hi Bhaarat ne antarraashtreeya mudra kosh ke rin ki 1.1 arab ameriki dollar ki antim kist naheen lene ka gaurav arjit kiya. unhein pratham darje ka mantri maana jaata hai aur san 1980-1985 ke dauraan pradhaanamantri ki anupasthiti mein unhonne kendreeya mantrimndal ki baithakon ki adhyakshata ki.
  4. unhein san 2008 ke dauraan saarvajanik maamalon mein unke yogadaan ke liye Bhaarat ke doosare sarvochch naagrik puraskaar padm vibhooshan se navaaja gaya.

sandarbh

  1. videsh mantraalaya mein rooparekha.
  2. "FM Pranab's first priority: Presenting budget 09-10 (page3)". Indian Express. May 23, 2009. http://www.indianexpress.com/news/fm-pranabs-first-priority-presenting-budget-0910/464858/3. abhigman tithi: 2009-05-23.
  3. calcuttayellowpages.com se rooparekha
  4. "FM Pranab's first priority: Presenting budget 09-10". Indian Express. May 23, 2009. http://www.indianexpress.com/news/fm-pranabs-first-priority-presenting-budget-0910/464858/2. abhigman tithi: 2009-05-23.
  5. raksha adhyayan evam vishleshan sansthaan kaaryakaarini samiti rooparekha
  6. "India's new foreign minister Mukherjee: a respected party veteran". Agence France-Presse. 24 October 2006. http://servihoo.com/Aujourdhui/kinews/afp_details.php?id=140225&CategoryID=74. abhigman tithi: 2007-04-09.
  7. "India gets new foreign minister". BBC News. 4 October 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/6079438.stm. abhigman tithi: 2007-04-09.
  8. GK Gokhale (19 April 2004). "Why is Dr. Singh Sonia's choice?". reedif.com. http://in.rediff.com/news/2004/may/19guest.htm. abhigman tithi: 2007-04-09.
  9. aditi fadanees (29 March 2005). "Pranab: The master manager". reedif.com. http://www.rediff.com/money/2005/mar/29patents.htm. abhigman tithi: 2007-04-09.
  10. Rajesh Ramachandran (10 January 1998). "The BJP's new-found secularism is a reckless exercise to hoodwink the people". rediff.com. http://www.rediff.com/news/1998/jan/10pranab.htm. abhigman tithi: 2007-04-09.

mukharji cabinet poorv Loksabha chunaav steeyaring jab pradhaanamantri Manmohan Singh ne raajaneetik maamalon aur vitt mantraalaya mein keindreeya mantri ki mantrimandaleeya samiti ki adhyaksh ke roop mein atirikt prabhaar lene ke dvaara pehle se hi hone ke baavajood 2008-09 mein ek shalya chikitsa dvaara paarit karaana mein ek mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhaaikeindreeya videsh mantri.

baahari kadiyaaain

lok sabha
poorvaadhikaari
gyaat naheen
lok sabha sadasya jangeepur
2004 se 2012
uttaraadhikaari
abhijeet mukharji
raajaneetik kaaryaalaya
poorvaadhikaari
raamasvaami Venkatraman
Bhaarat ke vitt mantri
1982–1984
uttaraadhikaari
vishvanaath prataap Singh
poorvaadhikaari
mohan dhaariya
bhaarateeya yojana aayog ke upaadhyaksh
1991–1996
uttaraadhikaari
madhu dandavate
poorvaadhikaari
dinesh Singh
baarat ke videsh mantri
1995–1996
uttaraadhikaari
sikndar bakht
poorvaadhikaari
jyorj frnaandis
Bhaarat ke raksha mantri
2004–2006
uttaraadhikaari
A ke entoni
poorvaadhikaari
Manmohan Singh
Bhaarat ke videsh mantri
2006–2009
uttaraadhikaari
S. M. Krishna
poorvaadhikaari
pi. Chidambaram
Bhaarat ke vitt mantri
2009 – 2012
uttaraadhikaari
Manmohan Singh
poorvaadhikaari
pratibha Patil
Bhaarat ke raashtrapati
25 July 2012 se
uttaraadhikaari
padasth