Bhaarat ka uchchatam nyaayaalaya

Bhaarat ka sarvochch nyaayaalaya
Emblem of the Supreme Court of India.svg
sthaapana 28 January 1950
adhikaar kshetr Bhaarat
sthaan nai Delhi
nirdeshaank 28°a37′a20″aN 77°a14′a23″aE / 28.622237°aN 77.239584°aE / 28.622237; 77.239584Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 28°a37′a20″aN 77°a14′a23″aE / 28.622237°aN 77.239584°aE / 28.622237; 77.239584
nirvaachan paddhati kaaryapaalak nirvaachan (yogyata laagu)
praadhikrut bhaarateeya samvidhaan
nirnaya par appeal hetu Bhaarat ke raashtrapati kshama (kleemensi)/dand poorn
nyaayaadheesh kaaryakaal 65 varsh aayu
padon ki sankhya 31
jaalasthal supremecourtofindia.nic.in
Bhaarat ke mukhya nyaayaadheesh
vartamaan nyaayamoorti shri tee॰ esa॰ thaakur
kaaryaaranbh 29 sitmbar 2014
mukhya pad samaapti 26 December 2015
Bhaarat
Emblem of India.svg

yeh lekh yeh shreni ke sambandh mein hai:

Bhaarat ki raajaneeti


kendra sarkaar

samvidhaan

kaaryakaarini

vidhaayika

nyaayapaalika

sthaaneeya

bhaarateeya aamachunaav


anya desh • praveshadvaar:raajaneeti
praveshadvaar:Bhaarat sarkaar
dekhein samvaad sanpaadan


Bhaarat ka uchchatam nyaayaalaya ya Bhaarat ka sarvochch nyaayaalaya Bhaarat ka sheersh nyaayik praadhikran hai jise bhaarateeya samvidhaan ke bhaag 5, adhyaaya 4 ke tahat sthaapit kiya gaya hai. bhaarateeya sangh ki adhiktam aur vyaapak nyaayik adhikaarita uchchatam nyaayaalaya ko praapt hain. bhaarateeya samvidhaan ke anusaar uchchatam nyaayaalaya ki bhoomika sangheeya nyaayaalaya aur bhaarateeya samvidhaan ke sanrakshak ki hai.
bhaarateeya samvidhaan ke anuchhed 124 se 147 tak mein varnit niyam uchchatam nyaayaalaya ki sanrachana aur adhikaar kshetron ki neenv hain. uchchatam nyaayaalaya sabse uchch appealeeya adaalat hai jo raajyon aur kendra shaasit pradeshon ke uchch nyaayaalayon ke faisalon ke khilaaf appeal sunata hai. iske alaava, raajyon ke beech ke vivaadon ya maulik adhikaaron aur maanav adhikaaron ke gambhir ullanghan se sambandhit yaachikaaon ko aamtaur par uchchtam nyaayaalaya ke samaksh seedhe rakha jaata hai. Bhaarat ke uchchatam nyaayaalaya ka udghaatan 28 January 1950 ko hua aur uske baad se iske dvaara 24,000 se adhik nirnaya diye ja chuke hain.

anukram

nyaayaalaya ka gathan

28 January 1950, Bhaarat ke ek samprabhu lokataantrik ganaraajya banane ke do din baad, Bhaarat ka uchchatam nyaayaalaya astitv mein aaya. udghaatan samaaroh ka aayojan sansad bhavan ke nareindramandal(cheinbar of prinsej) bhavan mein kiya gaya tha. isse pehle san 1937 se 1950 tak chamber of prinses hi Bhaarat ki sangheeya adaalat ka bhavan tha. aajaadi ke baad bhi san 1958 tak chamber of prinses hi Bhaarat ke uchchatam nyaayaalaya ka bhavan tha, jab tak ki 1958 mein uchchatam nyaayaalaya ne apne vartamaan tilk maarg, nai Delhi sthit parisar ka adhigrahan kiya.

Bhaarat ke uchchatam nyaayaalaya ne bhaarateeya adaalat pranaali ke sheersh par pahuainchate hue Bhaarat ki sangheeya adaalat aur privi kaaunsil ki nyaayik samiti ko pratisthaapit kiya tha.

28 January 1950 ko iske udghaatan ke baad, uchchatam nyaayaalaya ne sansad bhavan ke chamber of prinses mein apni baithakon ki shuruaat ki. uchchatam nyaayaalaya baar association (S. si. bi. A.) sarvochch nyaayaalaya ki baar hai. S. si . bi. A. ke vartamaan adhyaksh praveen paarekh hain, jabki ke. si. kaushik maujooda maanad sachiv hain.<[1]

uchchatam nyaayaalaya parisar

uchchatam nyaayaalaya bhavan ke mukhya block ko Bhaarat ki rajdhani nai Delhi mein tilk road sthit 22 ekad jameen ke ek vargaakaar bhookhand par banaaya gaya hai. nirmaan ka design kendreeya lok nirmaan vibhaag ke pratham bhaarateeya adhyaksh mukhya vaastukaar ganesh bheekaaji devalaaleekar dvaara indo-british sthaapatya shaili mein banaaya gaya tha. nyaayaalaya 1958 mein vartamaan imaarat mein sthaanaantarit kiya gaya. bhavan ko nyaaya ke taraajoo ki chhavi dene ki vaastukaaron ki koshish ke antargat bhavan ke kendreeya block ko is tarah banaaya gaya hai ki vah taraajoo ke kendreeya beam ki tarah lage. 1979 mein do nae hisse poorv ving aur pashchim ving ko 1958 mein bane parisar mein joda gaya. kul milkar is parisar mein 15[2] adaalati kamre hain. mukhya nyaayaadheesh ki adaalat, jo ki ne kendreeya ving ke kendra mein sthit hai sabse bada adaalati kaaryavaahi ka kamara hai. ismein ek oonchi chhat ke saath ek bada gunbad bhi hai.

uchchatam nyaayaalaya ki sanrachana

Bhaarat ka sarvochch nyaayaalaya

adaalat ka aakaar

Bhaarat ke samvidhaan dvaara uchchatam nyaayaalaya ke liye mool roop se di gayi vyavastha mein ek mukhya nyaayaadheesh tatha saat anya nyaayaadheeshon ko adhiniymit kiya gaya tha aur is sankhya ko badhaane ka jimma sansad par chhoda gaya tha. praarambhik varshon mein, nyaayaalaya ke samaksh prastut maamalon ko sunane ke liye uchchatam nyaayaalaya ki poori peeth ek saath baitha karti thi. jaise jaise nyaayaalaya ke kaarya mein vruddhi hui aur lambit maamale badhne lage, bhaarateeya sansad dvaara nyaayaadheeshon ki mool sankhya ko aath se badhaakar 1956 mein gyaarah, 1960 mein chaudah, 1978 mein athaarah, 1986 mein chhabbees aur 2008 mein ikattees tak kar diya gaya. nyaayaadheeshon ki sankhya mein vruddhi hui hai, vartamaan mein ve do ya teen ki chhoti nyaayapeethon (jinhein 'khandapeeth' kaha jaata hai) ke roop mein sunavaai karte hain. samvaidhaanik maamale aur aise maamale jinmein vidhi ke maulik prashnon ki vyaakhya deni ho, ki sunavaai paanch ya isse adhik nyaayaadheeshon ki peeth (jise 'samvaidhaanik peeth' kaha jaata hai) dvaara ki jaati hai. koi bhi peeth kisi bhi vichaaraadheen maamale ko aavashyakta padne par sankhya mein badi peeth ke paas sunavaai ke liye bhej sakti hai.[3]

uchchatam nyaayaalaya ke nyaayaadheesh ki niyukti

samvidhaan mein 30 nyaayadheesh tatha 1 mukhya nyaayaadheesh ki niyukti ka praavadhaan hai. uchchatam nyaayaalaya ke sabhi nyaayaadheeshon ki niyukti Bhaarat ke raashtrapati dvaara uchchatam nyaayaalaya ke paraamarshaanusaar ki jaati hai. sarvochch nyaayaalaya ke mukhya nyaayaadheesh is prasang mein raashtrapati ko paraamarsh dene se poorv anivaarya roop se chaar varishthatam nyaayaadheeshon ke samooh se paraamarsh praapt karte hain tatha is samooh se praapt paraamarsh ke aadhaar par raashtrapati ko paraamarsh dete hain.

anu 124[2] ke anusaar mukhya nyaayaadheesh ki niyukti karte samay raashtrapati apni ichhaanusaar sarvochch nyaayaalaya ke nyaayaadheeshon ki salaah lega. vaheen anya judgeon ki niyukti ke samay use anivaarya roop se mukhya nyaayaadheesh ki salaah maanani padegi
sarvochch nyaayaalaya edavokets aan rikaard association banaam Bhaarat sangh vaad 1993 me diye gaye nirnaya ke anusaar sarvochch nyaayaalaya, uchch nyaayaalaya ke judgeon ki niyukti tatha uchch nyaayaalaya ke judgeon ke tabaadale is prakaar ki prakriya hai jo sarvaadhik yogya upalabdh vyaktiyon ki niyukti ki ja sake. Bhaarat ke mukhya nyaayaadheesh ka mat praathamikta paayega. uchch nyaayapaalika me koi niyukti bina us ki sahamati ke naheen hoti hai. samvaidhaanik sattaaon ke sangharsh ke samay Bhaarat ke mukhya nyaayaadheesh nyaayapaalika ka pratinidhitv karega. raashtrapati Bhaarat ke mukhya nyaayaadheesh ko apne mat par fir se vichaar karne ko tabhi kahega jab is hetu koi taarkik kaaran maujood hoga. pun: vichaar ke baad usaka mat raashtrapati par baadhyakaari hoga yadyapi apna mat prakat karte samay vah Supreme court ke do varishtham nyaayadheeshon ka mat jaroor lega. pun:vichaar ki dasha me fir se use do varishtham nyaayadheeshon ki rai leni hogi vah chaahe to uchch nyaayaalaya/sarvochch nyaayaalaya ke anya judgeon ki rai bhi le sakta hai lekin sabhi rai sadaiv likhit mein hogi
baad mein apna mat badalate hue nyaayaalaya ne kam se kam 4 judgeon ke saath salaah karna anivaarya kar diya tha . vah koi bhi salaah raashtrapati ko agreshit naheen karega yadi do ya jyaada judgeon ki salaah iske virooddh ho kintu 4 judgeon ki salaah use anya judgeon jinse vo chaahe, salaah lene se naheen rokegi.

nyaayaadheeshon ki yogyataaeain

  • vyakti Bhaarat ka naagrik ho.
  • kam se kam paanch saal ke liye uchch nyaayaalaya ka nyaayaadheesh ya do ya do se adhik nyaayaalayon mein lagaataar kam se kam paanch varshon tak nyaayaadheesh ke roop mein kaarya kar chuka ho. athva
  • kisi uchch nyaayaalaya ya nyaayaalayon mein lagaataar das varsh tak adhivakta rah chuka ho. athva
  • vah vyakti raashtrapati ki rai mein ek pratishthit vidhivetta hona chaahiye.

kisi uchch nyaayaalaya ke nyaayaadheesh ya fir uchchatam nyaayaalaya ya uchch nyaayaalaya ke sevaanivrutt nyaayaadheesh ko uchchatam nyaayaalaya ke ek tadarth nyaayaadheesh ke roop mein niyukt kiya ja sakta hai !

  • yahaaain par ye jaanana aavashyak hai ki uchchatam nyaayaalaya ka nyaayaadheesh banane hetu kisi bhi pradesh ke uchch nyaayaalaya mein nyaayaadheesh ka paanch varsh ka anubhav hona anivaarya hai ,

aur vah 62 varsh ki aayu poori na kiya ho ,vartamaan samay mein CJAC nirnaya legi

kaaryakaal

uchchatam nyaayaalaya ke nyaayaadheeshon ki sevaanivrutti ki aayu 65 varsh hoti hai. nyaayaadheeshon ko keval (mahaabhiyog) durvyavahaar ya asamarthata ke siddh hone par sansad ke donon sadanon dvaara do-tihaai bahumat se paarit prastaav ke aadhaar par hi raashtrapati dvaara hataaya ja sakta hai.

padachyuti

uchchatam nyaayaalaya ke nyaayadheeshon ki raashtrapati tab padachyut karega jab sansad ke donon sadanon ke kam se kam 2/3 upasthit tatha mat dene vaale tatha sadan ke kul bahumat dvaara paarit prastaav jo ki siddh kadaachaar ya akshamata ke aadhaar par laaya gaya ho ke dvaara use adhikaar diya gaya ho. ye aadesh usi sansad satr me laaya jaayega jis satr me ye prastaav sansad ne paarit kiya ho. anu 124[5] me vah prakriya varnit hai jisse judge padachyut hote hai. is prakriya ke aadhaar par sansad ne nyaayadheesh akshamata adhiniyam 1968 paarit kiya tha. iske antargat

1. sansad ke kisi bhi sadan me prastaav laaya ja sakta hai. lokasbha me 100 Rajyasabha me 50 sadasyon ka samarthan anivaarya hai
2. prastaav milne par sadan ka sabhaapati ek 3 sadasya samiti banaayega jo aaropon ki jaaainch karegi. samiti ka adhyaksh sapreem court ka kaaryakaari judge hoga doosra sadasya kisi haai court ka mukhya kaaryakaari judge hoga. teesara sadasya maana hua vidhivetta hoga. iski jaaainch-report sadan ke saamane aayegi. yadi is me judge ko doshi bataaya ho tab bhi sadan prastaav paarit karne ko baadhya naheen hota kintu yadi samiti aaropon ko khaarij kar de to sadan prastaav paarit nahi kar sakta hai.
abhi tak sirf ek baar kisi judge ke virooddh jaanch ki gayi hai. judge raamaasvaami doshi siddh ho gaye the kintu sansad me aavashyak bahumat ke abhaav ke chalte prastaav paarit naheen kiya ja saka tha.

nyaayaalaya ki janasaankhyiki

uchchatam nyaayaalaya ne hamesha ek vistrut kshetreeya pratinidhitv ko banaae rakha hai. ismein dhaarmik aur jaateeya alpasankhyak vargon se sambandhit nyaayaadheeshon ka ek achha hissa hai. uchchatam nyaayaalaya mein niyukt hone waali pratham mahila nyaayaadheesh 1987 mein niyukt huin nyaayamoorti Fatima beevi theen. unke baad isi kram mein nyaayamoorti sujaata manohar, nyaayamoorti rooma paal aur nyaayamoorti gyaan sudha mishra ka naam aata hai. nyaayamoorti ranjana Desai, jo sabse haal hi mein uchchatam nyaayaalaya ki mahila judge niyukt huin hain, ko milaakar vartamaan mein uchchatam nyaayaalaya mein do mahila nyaayaadheesh hain, uchchatam nyaayaalaya ke itihaas mein aisa pehli baar hua hai jab do mahilaayein ek saath nyaayaadheesh hon.
2000 mein nyaayamoorti ke. ji. Balkrishnan dalit samudaaya se pehle nyaayaadheesh bane. baad mein, san 2007 mein ve hi uchchatam nyaayaalaya ke pehle dalit mukhya nyaayaadheesh bhi bane. 2010 mein, Bhaarat ke mukhya nyaayaadheesh ka pad sainbhaalane vaale nyaayamoorti S. H. kapaadiya paarasi alpasankhyak samudaaya se sambandh rakhate hain.

sarvochch nyaayaalaya ki khandapeeth

anu 130 ke anusaar sarvochch nyaayaalaya Delhi me hoga parantu yeh Bhaarat me aur kahi bhi mukhya nyaayaadheesh ke nirnaya ke anusaar raashtrapati ki sveekruti se sunavaai kar sakega
kshetreeya khandapeethon ka prashn- vidhi aayog apni report ke maadhyam se kshetreeya khandapeethon ke gathan ki anusansha kar chuka hai nyaayaalaya ke vakeelau ne bhi praatharna ki hai ki vah apni kshetreeya khandapeethon ka gathan kare taaki desh ke vibhinn bhaagau me nivaas karne vaale vaadiyau ke dhan tatha samay donau ki bachat ho sake, kintu nyaayaalaya ne is prashn pe vichaar karne ke baad nirnaya diya hai ki peethau ke gathan se
1. ye peethe kshetr ke raaj naitik dabaav me aa jaayegi
2. inke dvaara Supreme court ke ekaatmak charitra tatha sangathan ko haani pahuainch sakti hai
kintu iske virodh me bhi tark diye gaye hai.

sarvochch nyaayaalaya ke mahatvapoorn nirnaya

kr. san. maamala uchchatam nyaayaalaya ka nirnaya
1. shankari prasaad banaam Bhaarat sarkaar, 1951 sansad ko anuchhed 368 ke tahat samvidhaan ke kisi bhi hisse mein sanshodhan karne ki shakti hai.
2. sajjan Singh banaam Rajasthan sarkaar, 1965 sansad ko anuchhed 368 ke tahat samvidhaan ke kisi bhi hisse mein sanshodhan karne ki shakti hai.
3. golak naath banaam Punjab sarkaar, 1967 sansad ko samvidhaan ke bhaag III (maulik adhikaaron) mein sanshodhan karne ka adhikaar naheen hai.
4. keshavaanand bhaarati banaam Kerala sarkaar, 1971 sansad ke kisi bhi praavadhaan mein sanshodhan kar sakti hai, lekin 'buniyaadi sanrachana' ko kamjor naheen kar sakti hai.
5. indira Gandhi banaam raaj Narayan, 1975 sarvochch nyaayaalaya ne buniyaadi sanrachana ki apni avadhaarana ki bhi pushti ki.
6. minrva mils banaam Bhaarat sarkaar, 1980 buniyaadi visheshataaon mein 'nyaayik sameeksha' aur 'maulik adhikaaron tatha nirdeshak siddhaanton ke beech santulan' ko jodkar buniyaadi dhaanche ki avadhaarana ko aage viksit kiya gaya.
7. mohammad Ahmad Khan banaam shaah baano begam , 1985 bhaarateeya dand prakriya sanhita ki dhaara 125 ke antargat stri ko bharan-poshan paane ka adhikaar hai kyonki yeh ek aparaadhik maamala hai na ki deevaani (civil) .
8. keehoto hollohan banaam jaacheellahu, 1992 'svatantr aur nishpaksh chunaav' ko buniyaadi visheshataaon mein joda gaya.
9. indira saahani banaam Bhaarat sarkaar, 1992 'kaanoon ka shaasan', buniyaadi visheshataaon mein joda gaya.
10. S.aar bommai banaam Bhaarat sarkaar, 1994 sangheeya dhaanche, Bhaarat ki ekta aur akhandata, dharmanirpekshata, samaajavaad, saamaajik nyaaya aur nyaayik sameeksha ko buniyaadi visheshataaon ke roop mein doharaaya gaya.

vartamaan nyaayadheesh

  1. nyaayamoorti shri tee॰ esa॰ thaakur -- mukhya nyaayaadheesh [1]
  2. nyaayamoorti shri dee॰ ke॰ jain
  3. nyaayamoorti shri jee॰ esa॰ singhavi
  4. nyaayamoorti shri aafataab aalam
  5. nyaayamoorti shri balabeer Singh chauhaan
  6. nyaayamoorti shri e॰ ke॰ patanaayak
  7. nyaayamoorti shri ke॰ esa॰ pee॰ Radhakrishnan
  8. nyaayamoorti shri surindar Singh nijjar
  9. nyaayamoorti shri svatantr Kumar
  10. nyaayamoorti shri chandramauli Kumar prasaad
  11. nyaayamoorti shri hemant gokhale
  12. nyaayamoorti shri gyaan sudha mishra
  13. nyaayamoorti shri anil ramesh dave
  14. nyaayamoorti shri sudhaanshu jyoti mukhopaadhyaaya
  15. nyaayamoorti shri ranjana prakaash Desai
  16. nyaayamoorti shri jagadeesh Singh khehar
  17. nyaayamoorti shri deepak mishra
  18. nyaayamoorti shri jasti chelaamesvar
  19. nyaayamoorti shri ef. M. Ibrahim kaleefulla
  20. nyaayamoorti shri rangan gogoi
  21. nyaayamoorti shri madan bheemaraav lokur

bhootapoorv mukhya nyaayadheesh

  1. nyaayamoorti shri H. J. kaniya
  2. nyaayamoorti shri ema॰ pee॰ shaastri
  3. nyaayamoorti shri meharachand mahaajan
  4. nyaayamoorti shri bee॰ ke॰ mukhareeja
  5. nyaayamoorti shri esa॰ aara॰ das
  6. nyaayamoorti shri bee॰ pee॰ sinha
  7. nyaayamoorti shri e॰ ke॰ sarkaar
  8. nyaayamoorti shri ke॰ ena॰ vaanchoo
  9. nyaayamoorti shri ema॰ hidaayatulla
  10. nyaayamoorti shri je॰ see॰ shaah
  11. nyaayamoorti shri esa॰ ema॰ sikri
  12. nyaayamoorti shri ena॰ ena॰ re
  13. nyaayamoorti shri mirja hameedulla beg
  14. nyaayamoorti shri vaai॰ vee॰ chandrachood
  15. nyaayamoorti shri pee॰ ena॰ bhagavati
  16. nyaayamoorti shri aara॰ esa॰ paathak
  17. nyaayamoorti shri i॰ esa॰ veinkataramaiyya
  18. nyaayamoorti shri esa॰ mukharji
  19. nyaayamoorti shri ranganaath mishr
  20. nyaayamoorti shri ke॰ ena॰ Singh
  21. nyaayamoorti shri ema॰ echa॰ kaniya
  22. nyaayamoorti shri ela॰ ema॰ sharma
  23. nyaayamoorti shri ema॰ ena॰ veinkatachelaiyya
  24. nyaayamoorti shri e॰ ema॰ ahamadi
  25. nyaayamoorti shri je॰ esa॰ varma
  26. nyaayamoorti shri ema॰ ema॰ punchhi
  27. nyaayamoorti shri e॰ esa॰ aanand
  28. nyaayamoorti shri esa॰ pee॰ bharucha
  29. nyaayamoorti shri bee॰ ena॰ krupaal
  30. nyaayamoorti shri jee॰ bee॰ patanaayak
  31. nyaayamoorti shri vee॰ ena॰ khare
  32. nyaayamoorti shri Rajendra babu
  33. nyaayamoorti shri aara॰ see॰ lahoti
  34. nyaayamoorti shri yogesh Kumar sabharavaal
  35. nyaayamoorti shri ke॰ jee॰ Balkrishnan
  36. nyaayamoorti shri esa॰ echa॰ kapaadiya
  37. nyaayamoorti shri altamas kabeer
  38. nyaayamoorti shri raajeindr mal lodha [2]
  39. nyaayamoorti shri echa॰ ela॰ dattoo

sandarbh

yeh bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain